BuyFind

Physical Chemistry

2nd Edition
Ball + 3 others
Publisher: Wadsworth Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781133958437
BuyFind

Physical Chemistry

2nd Edition
Ball + 3 others
Publisher: Wadsworth Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781133958437

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 1, Problem 1.1E
Textbook Problem

A bomb calorimeter is a study metal vessel in which samples can be ignited and the amount of heat given off can be measured as the heat warms up surrounding water. Draw a rough sketch of such an experimental setup and label (a) the system and (b) the surroundings.

Expert Solution
Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

A rough sketch of experimental setup of bomb calorimeter is to be drawn with labeling of (a) system and (b) surroundings

Concept introduction:

Calorimeter is an instrument which is used to measure the heat of the chemical reactions, physical changes and heat capacity. There are different types of calorimeter such as 1) differential scanning calorimeter 2) isothermal calorimeter 3) titration calorimeter 4) accelerated rate calorimeter. The main components of calorimeter consist of a thermometer attached to a metal container with water suspended above a combustion chamber. This device is used in various fields to study thermodynamics, chemistry and biochemistry.

Answer to Problem 1.1E

Physical Chemistry, Chapter 1, Problem 1.1E

Explanation of Solution

A bomb calorimeter is a kind of constant-volume calorimeter, which is used to measure the heat of combustion of a particular reaction. The four important components of bomb calorimeter are as follows; 1) a bomb (vessel) having the combustible material. It must be a strong and thick-walled vessel which is made up of high-quality metal and should have a provision to open for inserting the sample, to remove the products of combustion and to clean the apparatus. 2) a bucket (container) with a measured quantity of water to hold the bomb. Besides, it should be fitted with a probe to read the temperature and a mechanical stirrer to promote rapid thermal equilibrium with no excessive heat in the form of mechanical energy. These buckets are made with a highly polished exterior finish to reduce the absorption and emission of heat as radiation. 3) An insulating jacket to protect the container from transient thermal changes during the combustion process

The enthalpy change per mole of a substance A in a reaction between A and B is measured by adding the substances separately into the calorimeter and calculating the initial and final temperatures of the system. On multiplying the temperature change by the mass and specific heat capacities of the substances, we can get the value of energy which is given off during the reaction. When we divide the energy change by moles of A involved in the reaction, we can obtain the enthalpy change of reaction.

Conclusion

A rough sketch of experimental setup of bomb calorimeter is drawn with labeling of (a) system and (b) surroundings.

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Chapter 1 Solutions

Physical Chemistry
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