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Basuras Waste Disposal Company has a long-term contract with several large cities to collect garbage and trash from residential customers. To facilitate the collection, Basuras places a large plastic container with each household. Because of wear and tear, growth, and other factors, Basuras places about 200,000 new containers each year (about 20% of the total households). Several years ago, Basuras decided to manufacture its own containers as a cost-saving measure. A strategically located plant involved in this type of manufacturing was acquired. To help ensure cost efficiency, a standard cost system was installed in the plant. The following standards have been established for the products variable inputs: During the first week in January, Basuras had the following actual results: The purchasing agent located a new source of slightly higher-quality plastic, and this material was used during the first week in January. Also, a new manufacturing process was implemented on a trial basis. The new process required a slightly higher level of skilled labor. The higher- quality material has no effect on labor utilization. However, the new manufacturing process was expected to reduce materials usage by 0.25 pound per container. Required: 1. CONCEPTUAL CONNECTION Compute the materials price and usage variances. Assume that the 0.25 pound per container reduction of materials occurred as expected and that the remaining effects are all attributable to the higher-quality material. Would you recommend that the purchasing agent continue to buy this quality, or should the usual quality be purchased? Assume that the quality of the end product is not affected significantly. 2. CONCEPTUAL CONNECTION Compute the labor rate and efficiency variances. Assuming that the labor variances are attributable to the new manufacturing process, should it be continued or discontinued? In answering, consider the new process’s materials reduction effect as well. Explain. 3. CONCEPTUAL CONNECTION Refer to Requirement 2. Suppose that the industrial engineer argued that the new process should not be evaluated after only one week. His reasoning was that it would take at least a week for the workers to become efficient with the new approach. Suppose that the production is the same the second week and that the actual labor hours were 9,000 and the labor cost was $99,000. Should the new process be adopted? Assume the variances are attributable to the new process. Assuming production of 6,000 units per week, what would be the projected annual savings? (Include the materials reduction effect.)

BuyFind

Managerial Accounting: The Corners...

7th Edition
Maryanne M. Mowen + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337115773
BuyFind

Managerial Accounting: The Corners...

7th Edition
Maryanne M. Mowen + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337115773

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 10, Problem 63P
Textbook Problem

Basuras Waste Disposal Company has a long-term contract with several large cities to collect garbage and trash from residential customers. To facilitate the collection, Basuras places a large plastic container with each household. Because of wear and tear, growth, and other factors, Basuras places about 200,000 new containers each year (about 20% of the total households). Several years ago, Basuras decided to manufacture its own containers as a cost-saving measure. A strategically located plant involved in this type of manufacturing was acquired. To help ensure cost efficiency, a standard cost system was installed in the plant. The following standards have been established for the products variable inputs:

Chapter 10, Problem 63P, Basuras Waste Disposal Company has a long-term contract with several large cities to collect garbage , example  1

During the first week in January, Basuras had the following actual results:

Chapter 10, Problem 63P, Basuras Waste Disposal Company has a long-term contract with several large cities to collect garbage , example  2

The purchasing agent located a new source of slightly higher-quality plastic, and this material was used during the first week in January. Also, a new manufacturing process was implemented on a trial basis. The new process required a slightly higher level of skilled labor. The higher- quality material has no effect on labor utilization. However, the new manufacturing process was expected to reduce materials usage by 0.25 pound per container.

Required:

  1. 1. CONCEPTUAL CONNECTION Compute the materials price and usage variances. Assume that the 0.25 pound per container reduction of materials occurred as expected and that the remaining effects are all attributable to the higher-quality material. Would you recommend that the purchasing agent continue to buy this quality, or should the usual quality be purchased? Assume that the quality of the end product is not affected significantly.
  2. 2. CONCEPTUAL CONNECTION Compute the labor rate and efficiency variances. Assuming that the labor variances are attributable to the new manufacturing process, should it be continued or discontinued? In answering, consider the new process’s materials reduction effect as well. Explain.
  3. 3. CONCEPTUAL CONNECTION Refer to Requirement 2. Suppose that the industrial engineer argued that the new process should not be evaluated after only one week. His reasoning was that it would take at least a week for the workers to become efficient with the new approach. Suppose that the production is the same the second week and that the actual labor hours were 9,000 and the labor cost was $99,000. Should the new process be adopted? Assume the variances are attributable to the new process. Assuming production of 6,000 units per week, what would be the projected annual savings? (Include the materials reduction effect.)

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Chapter 10 Solutions

Managerial Accounting: The Cornerstone of Business Decision-Making
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Ch. 10 - What are control limits, and how are they set?Ch. 10 - Explain why the materials price variance is often...Ch. 10 - The materials usage variance is always the...Ch. 10 - The labor rate variance is never controllable. Do...Ch. 10 - Suggest some possible causes of an unfavorable...Ch. 10 - What is kaizen costing? On which part of the value...Ch. 10 - What is target costing? Describe how costs are...Ch. 10 - Explain why the variable overhead spending...Ch. 10 - The variable overhead efficiency variance has...Ch. 10 - Describe the difference between the variable...Ch. 10 - What is the cause of an unfavorable volume...Ch. 10 - Does the volume variance convey any meaningful...Ch. 10 - Which do you think is more important for control...Ch. 10 - Standards set by engineering studies a. can...Ch. 10 - A currently attainable standard is one that a....Ch. 10 - An ideal standard is one that a. uses only...Ch. 10 - The underlying details for the standard cost per...Ch. 10 - The standard quantity of materials allowed is...Ch. 10 - The standard direct labor hours allowed is...Ch. 10 - Investigating variances from standard is a. always...Ch. 10 - Responsibility for the materials price variance...Ch. 10 - The materials price variance is usually computed...Ch. 10 - Responsibility for the materials usage variance is...Ch. 10 - Responsibility for the labor rate variance...Ch. 10 - Responsibility for the labor efficiency variance...Ch. 10 - (Appendix 10A) Which of the following items...Ch. 10 - (Appendix 10A) Which of the following is true...Ch. 10 - The total variable overhead variance is the...Ch. 10 - A variable overhead spending variance can occur...Ch. 10 - The total variable overhead variance can be...Ch. 10 - The total fixed overhead variance is a. the...Ch. 10 - The total fixed overhead variance can be expressed...Ch. 10 - An unfavorable volume variance can occur because...Ch. 10 - Standard Quantities Allowed of Labor and Materials...Ch. 10 - Control Limits During the last 6 weeks, the actual...Ch. 10 - Use the following information to complete Brief...Ch. 10 - Use the following information to complete Brief...Ch. 10 - Use the following information to complete Brief...Ch. 10 - Use the following information to complete Brief...Ch. 10 - Rath Company showed the following information for...Ch. 10 - Variable Overhead Spending and Efficiency...Ch. 10 - Performance Report for Variable Variances Humo...Ch. 10 - Total Fixed Overhead Variance Bradshaw Company...Ch. 10 - Fixed Overhead Spending and Volume Variances,...Ch. 10 - Standard Quantities Allowed of Labor and Materials...Ch. 10 - Control Limits During the last 6 weeks, the actual...Ch. 10 - Use the following information to complete Brief...Ch. 10 - Use the following information to complete Brief...Ch. 10 - Use the following information to complete Brief...Ch. 10 - Use the following information to complete Brief...Ch. 10 - Mulliner Company showed the following information...Ch. 10 - Variable Overhead Spending and Efficiency...Ch. 10 - Performance Report for Variable Variances Potter...Ch. 10 - Bulger Company provided the following data:...Ch. 10 - Fixed Overhead Spending and Volume Variances,...Ch. 10 - Standard Quantities of Labor and Materials...Ch. 10 - Sommers Company uses the following rule to...Ch. 10 - Use the following information for Exercises 10-45...Ch. 10 - Refer to the information for Cinturon Corporation...Ch. 10 - Refer to the information for Cinturon Corporation...Ch. 10 - Materials Variances Manzana Company produces apple...Ch. 10 - Labor Variances Verde Company produces wheels for...Ch. 10 - At the beginning of the year, Craig Company had...Ch. 10 - Jackie Iverson was furious. She was about ready to...Ch. 10 - 10-52 Materials and Labor Variances Refer to the...Ch. 10 - Refer to the information for Deporte Company...Ch. 10 - Esteban Products produces instructional aids,...Ch. 10 - Escuchar Products, a producer of DVD players, has...Ch. 10 - Use the following information for Exercises 10-56...Ch. 10 - Refer to the information for Rostand Inc. above....Ch. 10 - At the beginning of the year, Lopez Company had...Ch. 10 - Zepol Company is planning to produce 600,000 power...Ch. 10 - Last year, Gladner Company had planned to produce...Ch. 10 - Anker Company had the data below for its most...Ch. 10 - Cabanarama Inc. designs and manufactures...Ch. 10 - Basuras Waste Disposal Company has a long-term...Ch. 10 - Tom Belford and Tony Sorrentino own a small...Ch. 10 - Mantenga Company provides routine maintenance...Ch. 10 - Buenolorl Company produces a well-known cologne....Ch. 10 - The management of Golding Company has determined...Ch. 10 - Phono Company manufactures a plastic toy cell...Ch. 10 - Botella Company produces plastic bottles. The unit...Ch. 10 - The Lubbock plant of Morrils Small Motor Division...Ch. 10 - Moleno Company produces a single product and uses...Ch. 10 - The Lubbock plant of Morrils Small Motor Division...Ch. 10 - Extrim Company produces monitors. Extrims plant in...Ch. 10 - Lynwood Company produces surge protectors. To help...Ch. 10 - Shumaker Company manufactures a line of high-top...Ch. 10 - Paul Golding and his wife, Nancy, established...Ch. 10 - Lorale Company, a producer of recreational...Ch. 10 - The Two Cost Systems Sacred Heart Hospital (SHH)...Ch. 10 - The Two Cost Systems Sacred Heart Hospital (SHH)...Ch. 10 - The Two Cost Systems Sacred Heart Hospital (SHH)...Ch. 10 - The Two Cost Systems Sacred Heart Hospital (SHH)...Ch. 10 - The Two Cost Systems Sacred Heart Hospital (SHH)...Ch. 10 - The Two Cost Systems Sacred Heart Hospital (SHH)...Ch. 10 - The Two Cost Systems Sacred Heart Hospital (SHH)...Ch. 10 - The Two Cost Systems Sacred Heart Hospital (SHH)...Ch. 10 - Sacred Heart Hospital (SHH) faces skyrocketing...Ch. 10 - Sacred Heart Hospital (SHH) faces skyrocketing...

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