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Chemistry for Today: General, Orga...

9th Edition
Spencer L. Seager + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305960060

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry for Today: General, Orga...

9th Edition
Spencer L. Seager + 2 others
ISBN: 9781305960060
Textbook Problem

Name a phenol used in each of the following ways:

a. A disinfectant used for cleaning walls

b. An antiseptic found in some mouthwashes

c. An antioxidant used to prevent rancidity in foods

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

A phenol which is used as a disinfectant for cleaning walls is to be predicted.

Concept introduction:

Those compounds which contain two or more functional groups are known as polyfunctional compounds. Many organic compounds have complex structures which involve multiple rings and long carbon chains. The replacement of the hydrogen atom by an aromatic ring results in the formation of a compound known as phenol.

Explanation

The general formula for phenol is shown below.

Figure 1

Lysol is a disinfectant cleaner which contains a phenol group. The phenols which are listed in the cleaner Lysol include: o-phenylphenol

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

A phenol which is used as an antiseptic found in some mouthwashes is to be predicted.

Concept introduction:

Those compounds which contain two or more functional groups are known as polyfunctional compounds. Many organic compounds have complex structures which involve multiple rings and long carbon chains. The replacement of the hydrogen atom by an aromatic ring results in the formation of a compound known as phenol.

Interpretation Introduction

(c)

Interpretation:

A phenol which is used as antioxidant to prevent rancidity in foods is to be predicted.

Concept introduction:

Those compounds which contain two or more functional groups are known as polyfunctional compounds. Many organic compounds have complex structures which involve multiple rings and long carbon chains. The replacement of the hydrogen atom by an aromatic ring results in the formation of a compound known as phenol.

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