   # (a) If the electron were to have a positive charge, what would be the difference in the magnitude calculated in Example 16. 2b for the magnetic dipole caused by an electron in the hydrogen atom? (b) Positronium is very similar to a hydrogen atom except that instead of a proton in the nucleus, there is a positron. (This short-lived “element” can be made in the laboratory.) On the basis of your answer to part a, what is the overall magnetic dipole caused by the two particles in mutual orbit about each other? ### Physical Chemistry

2nd Edition
Ball + 3 others
ISBN: 9781133958437

#### Solutions

Chapter
Section ### Physical Chemistry

2nd Edition
Ball + 3 others
ISBN: 9781133958437
Chapter 16, Problem 16.3E
Textbook Problem
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## (a) If the electron were to have a positive charge, what would be the difference in the magnitude calculated in Example 16. 2b for the magnetic dipole caused by an electron in the hydrogen atom?(b) Positronium is very similar to a hydrogen atom except that instead of a proton in the nucleus, there is a positron. (This short-lived “element” can be made in the laboratory.) On the basis of your answer to part a, what is the overall magnetic dipole caused by the two particles in mutual orbit about each other?

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The difference in the magnitude calculated in Example 16.2b for the magnetic dipole caused by an electron in the hydrogen atom when the electron has a positive charge is to be stated.

Concept introduction:

The dipole moment is defined as the charge separation between two atoms or ions. It is used to determine the polarity of atoms or ions.

The magnetic dipole, μ is calculated by the formula shown below.

μ=I×A

### Explanation of Solution

The magnetic dipole, μ in Example 16.2b is calculated by the formula shown below.

μ=I×Aμ=I×πr2

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The overall magnetic dipole caused by the two particles in mutual orbit about each other is to be calculated.

Concept introduction:

The dipole moment is defined as the charge separation between two atoms or ions. It is used to determine the polarity of atoms or ions.

The magnetic dipole, μ is calculated by the formula shown below.

μ=I×A

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