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Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry In Focus

7th Edition
Tro + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning,
ISBN: 9781337399692
Chapter 16, Problem 42E
Textbook Problem
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What are the dangers inherent in applying genetic engineering to human embryos? What are the benefits?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The dangers inherent to applying genetic engineering to human embryos and its benefits are to be discussed.

Concept Introduction:

Genetic engineering involves the modification of an organism’s genetic makeup in order to eliminate undesirable characteristics or to introduce covetable ones.

A lot of work has been done in genetic engineering with the focus on increment in plant and animal food fabrication, detecting disease conditions, and production of vaccines and other useful drugs.

Explanation of Solution

The modification of DNA in fertilized eggs to produce genetically engineered organisms is called cloning. Scientists have conducted cloning experiments on a wide range of animals. The cloning of embryos has been successful in animals. Adult organisms have also been cloned in mammals including cattle, pigs and mice.

Therapeutic cloning generates embryonic stem cells that are genetically identical to an adult donor. Stem cells can be used to generate different cells, tissue, muscle and organ cells and hence can be used in the treatment of many disease conditions.

Cloning of an adult organism to produce genetically identical off spring is known as reproductive cloning. This has been successful in animals, but due to a number of reasons reproductive cloning in humans is viewed as unethical...

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Chapter 16 Solutions

Chemistry In Focus
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Ch. 16 - DNA Complementarity Draw the complementary strand...Ch. 16 - List the four major classes of biochemical...Ch. 16 - Why are fats more efficient than carbohydrates for...Ch. 16 - What is the definition of a lipid? What is the...Ch. 16 - What is the difference between a saturated and an...Ch. 16 - What does the name carbohydrate mean?Ch. 16 - Why do carbohydrates contain less energy per gram...Ch. 16 - What are the general structural features of...Ch. 16 - What are the two different forms that a...Ch. 16 - What is one important result of the presence of OH...Ch. 16 - Draw the structure of glucose, both in its...Ch. 16 - What is the difference between a monosaccharide, a...Ch. 16 - What is the difference in structure between starch...Ch. 16 - What are proteins? What functions do they serve in...Ch. 16 - What are the general structural features of amino...Ch. 16 - How many different amino acids exist in human...Ch. 16 - What is primary structure in proteins? What kinds...Ch. 16 - Define secondary structure in proteins. What kinds...Ch. 16 - Define tertiary and quaternary structure in...Ch. 16 - What is hemoglobin (Hb)? What is its function?Ch. 16 - What is -keratin? What is its function? How can it...Ch. 16 - What is lysozyme? How was it discovered?Ch. 16 - What is insulin? What is its function?Ch. 16 - Draw a block diagram for the structure of a...Ch. 16 - What is the difference between DNA and RNA?Ch. 16 - What are the four bases found in DNA? List the...Ch. 16 - What is a codon? What is its function? How many...Ch. 16 - What are chromosomes? How many exist in humans?Ch. 16 - What are genes? How many exist in humans?Ch. 16 - Does each cell make every protein specified by the...Ch. 16 - Explain how DNA is replicated within cells.Ch. 16 - Draw a schematic diagram of DNA. Show the...Ch. 16 - Explain how proteins are synthesized within cells.Ch. 16 - What is recombinant DNA?Ch. 16 - Describe how a particular gene or set of genes...Ch. 16 - Explain how recombinant DNA technology has made...Ch. 16 - What are the genetically modified foods? Are they...Ch. 16 - How can genetic engineering be used to prevent...Ch. 16 - How can genetic engineering be used to treat...Ch. 16 - What is the Human Genome Project? What are some of...Ch. 16 - What is cloning? What kind of cloning has been...Ch. 16 - Has cloning been accomplished in humans? In what...Ch. 16 - What are the dangers inherent in applying genetic...Ch. 16 - Explain the difference between therapeutic cloning...Ch. 16 - What are stem cells? Why are scientists interested...Ch. 16 - Which molecule is a triglyceride?Ch. 16 - Which molecule is a triglyceride?Ch. 16 - Which of the following is a saturated fat?Ch. 16 - Classify each of the following fatty acids R...Ch. 16 - Which of the following is a carbohydrate?Ch. 16 - Which of the following is a carbohydrate?Ch. 16 - Draw the structure of sucrose.Ch. 16 - Draw the structure of fructose in both its...Ch. 16 - Classify each of the following carbohydrates as a...Ch. 16 - Classify each of the following carbohydrates as a...Ch. 16 - Which molecule is an amino acid?Ch. 16 - Which molecule is an amino acid?Ch. 16 - Classify each molecule as a lipid, carbohydrate,...Ch. 16 - Classify each molecule as a lipid, carbohydrate,...Ch. 16 - Draw the structure for the dipeptide that would...Ch. 16 - Draw the structure for the dipeptide Ala-Gly. How...Ch. 16 - Draw the structure for the tripeptide Leu-Leu-Leu....Ch. 16 - Draw the structure for the tripeptide Ser-Ser-Ser....Ch. 16 - Give the complement of each of the following...Ch. 16 - Draw the complementary strand for each of the...Ch. 16 - Comment on the relationship between the structure...Ch. 16 - Compare ethanol (CH3CH2OH), the alcohol in...Ch. 16 - Suppose you were a legislator looking at a bill...Ch. 16 - Suppose that scientists produce a genetically...Ch. 16 - What are the ethical issues involved in the...Ch. 16 - Suppose a scientist succeeded in taking one human...Ch. 16 - Classify each of the following as a saccharide, a...Ch. 16 - Classify each of the following as a triglyceride,...Ch. 16 - Genetically engineered foods have met with some...

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