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Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305389892
BuyFind

Biology: The Dynamic Science (Mind...

4th Edition
Peter J. Russell + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305389892

Solutions

Chapter
Section
Chapter 3.1, Problem 2SB
Textbook Problem
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What is the maximum number of bonds that a carbon atom can form?

Expert Solution
Summary Introduction

To review:

The maximum number of bonds formed by carbon.

Introduction:

Organic chemistry is a branch of chemistry that deals with compounds that are formed by carbon atoms. Carbon essentially binds with hydrogen atoms resulting in hydrocarbons. There are two properties of carbons that make them capable of forming so many compounds: catenation (self-linking of carbon atoms) and tetracovalency (formation of four covalent bonds).

Explanation of Solution

The atomic number of C is 6 and its electronic configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p2. The outer shell of p-orbital is short by four electrons to complete its valence shell. Carbon can attain stable conformation or complete its octet by donating the four electrons ...

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