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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

How do we interpret the physical meaning of the square of the wavefunction? What are the units of 4πr2ψ2?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The meaning of square of wavefunction should be explained briefly. The unit of 4πr2ψ2 is to be determined.

Concept introduction:

  • Wavefunction ψ is the wave feature of a particular particle.
  • Square of wavefunction,ψ2 is the probability density. It is the chance of finding a given electron at a particular time.
  • 4πr2ψ2 is the radial probability and its unit of 4πr2ψ2 is m1.
Explanation

Wavefunction ψ is the wave feature of a particular particle.

Square of wavefunction,ψ2 is the probability density. It is the chance of finding a given electron at a particular time. The chance of finding a given electron at a particular time can be determined by multiplying volume and probability density.

4πr2ψ2 is the radial probability. It is the chance of finding a given electron at a particular distance from nucleus

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