menu
bartleby
search
close search
Hit Return to see all results
close solutoin list

Manganese is found as MnO 2 in deep ocean deposits. (a) Depict the electron configuration of this element using the noble gas notation and an orbital box diagram. (b) Using an orbital box diagram, show the electrons beyond those of the preceding noble gas for Mn 4+ . (c) Is Mn 4+ paramagnetic? (d) How many unpaired electrons does the Mn 4+ ion have?

BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640
Chapter 7, Problem 21PS
Textbook Problem
49 views

Manganese is found as MnO2 in deep ocean deposits.

  1. (a) Depict the electron configuration of this element using the noble gas notation and an orbital box diagram.
  2. (b) Using an orbital box diagram, show the electrons beyond those of the preceding noble gas for Mn4+.
  3. (c) Is Mn4+ paramagnetic?
  4. (d) How many unpaired electrons does the Mn4+ ion have?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration of Manganese has to be depicted using its orbital notation box and noble gas electron filling methods.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons of an given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

The important there rules for electronic configuration given below:

Aufbau principle: This rule statues that ground state of an atom or ions electrons fill atomic orbitals of the lowest available energy levels before occupying higher levels. If consider the 1s shell is filled the 2s subshell is occupied.

Hund's Rule: The every orbital in a subshell is singly occupied with one electron before any one orbital is doubly occupied, and all electrons in singly occupied orbitals have the same spin.

Pauli exclusion rule: an atomic orbital may describe at most two electrons, each with opposite spin direction.

Paramagnetic: The Paramagnetic properties are due to the presence of some unpaired electrons, and from the realignment of the electron paths caused by the external magnetic field.

Diamagnetic properties: In diamagnetic materials all the electron are paired so there is no permanent net magnetic moment per atom.

Explanation of Solution

Let us consider the orbital filling method of Manganese (Mn) element

  AtomicnumberofManganese(Mn)=25spdfwith orbtital notation=[1s22s22p63s23p63d54s2Orbital filling method       1s22s22p63s2

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The electronic configuration of Manganese ion (Mn4+) has to be depicted using its orbital notation box and noble gas electron filling methods.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons of an given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

The important there rules for electronic configuration given below:

Aufbau principle: This rule statues that ground state of an atom or ions electrons fill atomic orbitals of the lowest available energy levels before occupying higher levels. If consider the 1s shell is filled the 2s subshell is occupied.

Hund's Rule: The every orbital in a subshell is singly occupied with one electron before any one orbital is doubly occupied, and all electrons in singly occupied orbitals have the same spin.

Pauli exclusion rule: an atomic orbital may describe at most two electrons, each with opposite spin direction.

Paramagnetic: The Paramagnetic properties are due to the presence of some unpaired electrons, and from the realignment of the electron paths caused by the external magnetic field.

Diamagnetic properties: In diamagnetic materials all the electron are paired so there is no permanent net magnetic moment per atom.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Mn4+ ion is paramagnetic or not has to be predicted.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons of an given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

The important there rules for electronic configuration given below:

Aufbau principle: This rule statues that ground state of an atom or ions electrons fill atomic orbitals of the lowest available energy levels before occupying higher levels. If consider the 1s shell is filled the 2s subshell is occupied.

Hund's Rule: The every orbital in a subshell is singly occupied with one electron before any one orbital is doubly occupied, and all electrons in singly occupied orbitals have the same spin.

Pauli exclusion rule: an atomic orbital may describe at most two electrons, each with opposite spin direction.

Paramagnetic: The Paramagnetic properties are due to the presence of some unpaired electrons, and from the realignment of the electron paths caused by the external magnetic field.

Diamagnetic properties: In diamagnetic materials all the electron are paired so there is no permanent net magnetic moment per atom.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The number of unpaired electrons the Mn4+ion possess has to be predicted.

Concept Introduction:

Electronic configuration: The electronic configuration is the distribution of electrons of an given molecule or respective atoms in atomic or molecular orbitals.

The important there rules for electronic configuration given below:

Aufbau principle: This rule statues that ground state of an atom or ions electrons fill atomic orbitals of the lowest available energy levels before occupying higher levels. If consider the 1s shell is filled the 2s subshell is occupied.

Hund's Rule: The every orbital in a subshell is singly occupied with one electron before any one orbital is doubly occupied, and all electrons in singly occupied orbitals have the same spin.

Pauli exclusion rule: an atomic orbital may describe at most two electrons, each with opposite spin direction.

Paramagnetic: The Paramagnetic properties are due to the presence of some unpaired electrons, and from the realignment of the electron paths caused by the external magnetic field.

Diamagnetic properties: In diamagnetic materials all the electron are paired so there is no permanent net magnetic moment per atom.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 7 Solutions

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity
Show all chapter solutions
add
Ch. 7.4 - 2. Which of the following ions has the largest...Ch. 7.4 - Which of the following species is most...Ch. 7.5 - Without looking at the figures for the periodic...Ch. 7.5 - What is the trend in sizes of the ions K+, S2, and...Ch. 7.5 - Locate the elements C, N, Si, and P in the...Ch. 7.6 - Give the electron configurations for iron and the...Ch. 7.6 - In hemoglobin, iron can be in the iron(II) or...Ch. 7.6 - Why are copper atoms (radius = 128 pm) slightly...Ch. 7.6 - In hemoglobin, the iron is enclosed by the...Ch. 7.6 - 1. Which of the following is an incorrect...Ch. 7.6 - 2. Which of the following is not the formula for a...Ch. 7.6 - The most common oxidation state of a rare earth...Ch. 7.6 - This textbook places lanthanum directly below...Ch. 7.6 - Gadolinium has eight unpaired electrons, the...Ch. 7.6 - Use the atomic radii of scandium, yttrium,...Ch. 7.6 - Europium oxide (Eu2O3) is used in the production...Ch. 7.6 - Neodymium is commonly used in magnets, usually as...Ch. 7 - Write the electron configurations for P and CI...Ch. 7 - Write the electron configurations for Mg and Ar...Ch. 7 - Using spdf notation, write the electron...Ch. 7 - Using spdf notation, give the electron...Ch. 7 - Depict the electron configuration for each of the...Ch. 7 - Using spdf and noble gas notations, write electron...Ch. 7 - Use noble gas and spdf notations to depict...Ch. 7 - The lanthanides, once called the rare earth...Ch. 7 - Americium, Am, is a radioactive element isolated...Ch. 7 - Predict electron configurations for the following...Ch. 7 - What is the maximum number of electrons that can...Ch. 7 - What is the maximum number of electrons that can...Ch. 7 - Depict the electron configuration for magnesium...Ch. 7 - Depict the electron configuration for phosphorus...Ch. 7 - Using an orbital box diagram and noble gas...Ch. 7 - Using an orbital box diagram and noble gas...Ch. 7 - Using orbital box diagrams, depict an electron...Ch. 7 - Using orbital box diagrams, depict an electron...Ch. 7 - Using orbital box diagrams and noble gas notation,...Ch. 7 - Using orbital box diagrams and noble gas notation,...Ch. 7 - Manganese is found as MnO2 in deep ocean deposits....Ch. 7 - One compound found in alkaline batteries is NiOOH,...Ch. 7 - Arrange the following elements in order of...Ch. 7 - Arrange the following elements in order of...Ch. 7 - Select the atom or ion in each pair that has the...Ch. 7 - Select the atom or ion in each pair that has the...Ch. 7 - Which of the following groups of elements is...Ch. 7 - Arrange the following atoms in order of increasing...Ch. 7 - Compare the elements Na, Mg, O, and P. (a) Which...Ch. 7 - Compare the elements B. Al, C, and Si. (a) Which...Ch. 7 - Explain each answer briefly. (a) Place the...Ch. 7 - Explain each answer briefly. (a) Rank the...Ch. 7 - Identify the element that corresponds to each of...Ch. 7 - Identify the element that corresponds to each of...Ch. 7 - Explain why the photoelectron spectra of hydrogen...Ch. 7 - Sketch the major features (number of peaks and...Ch. 7 - These questions are not designated as to type or...Ch. 7 - The deep blue color of sapphires comes from the...Ch. 7 - Using an orbital box diagram and noble gas...Ch. 7 - The rare earth elements, or lanthanides, commonly...Ch. 7 - A neutral atom has two electrons with n = 1, eight...Ch. 7 - Element 109, now named meitnerium (in honor of the...Ch. 7 - Which of the following is not an allowable set of...Ch. 7 - A possible excited state for the H atom has an...Ch. 7 - The magnet in the following photo is made from...Ch. 7 - Name the element corresponding to each...Ch. 7 - Arrange the following atoms in order of increasing...Ch. 7 - Rank the following in order of increasing...Ch. 7 - Answer the questions below about the elements A...Ch. 7 - Answer (he following questions about the elements...Ch. 7 - Which of the following ions are unlikely to be...Ch. 7 - Place the following ions in order of decreasing...Ch. 7 - Answer each of the following questions: (a) Of the...Ch. 7 - The following are isoelectronic species: Cl, K+,...Ch. 7 - Compare the elements Na. B. Al, and C with regard...Ch. 7 - Two elements in the second transition series (Y...Ch. 7 - The configuration for an element is given here....Ch. 7 - The configuration of an element is given here. (a)...Ch. 7 - Answer the questions below about the elements A...Ch. 7 - Answer the questions below concerning ground state...Ch. 7 - Nickel(II) formate [Ni(HCO2)2] is widely used as a...Ch. 7 - Spinets are solids with the general formula M2+...Ch. 7 - The following questions use concepts from this and...Ch. 7 - Which ions in the following list are not likely to...Ch. 7 - Answer the following questions about first...Ch. 7 - The ionization of the hydrogen atom can be...Ch. 7 - Compare the configurations below with two...Ch. 7 - The bond lengths in Cl2, Br2, and I2 are 200, 228,...Ch. 7 - Write electron configurations to show the first...Ch. 7 - What is the trend in ionization energy when...Ch. 7 - (a) Explain why the sizes of atoms change when...Ch. 7 - Which of the following elements has the greatest...Ch. 7 - What arguments would you use to convince another...Ch. 7 - Explain why the first ionization energy of Ca is...Ch. 7 - The energies of the orbitals in many elements have...Ch. 7 - The ionization energies for the removal of the...Ch. 7 - Using your knowledge of the trends in element...Ch. 7 - The densities (in g/cm3) of elements in Croups 6B,...Ch. 7 - The discovery of two new elements (atomic numbers...Ch. 7 - Explain why the reaction of calcium and fluorine...Ch. 7 - Thionyl chloride. SOCl2, is an important...Ch. 7 - Sodium metal reacts readily with chlorine gas to...Ch. 7 - Slaters rules are a way to estimate the effective...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions add
T-cells are immune cells that "read" and "remember" chemical messages to identify future invaders. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

In what ways do melting glaciers become a problem?

Fundamentals of Physical Geography

___ is the actual path length. (2.2)

An Introduction to Physical Science

What is blood plasma, and what is its function?

Human Biology (MindTap Course List)

-107 Which type of nucleic acid molecule is the largest?

Introduction to General, Organic and Biochemistry

Where should the police car in Figure 6-9 have parked to make a good measurement?

Horizons: Exploring the Universe (MindTap Course List)

List the differences between mitosis and meiosis in the following chart:

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

Complete the following reactions: a. b. c.CH3SSCH2CH3+2(H)

Chemistry for Today: General, Organic, and Biochemistry

In the circuit of Figure P31.29, the battery emf is 50.0 V, the resistance is 250 , and the capacitance is 0.50...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

What are abyssal plains? What is unique about them?

Oceanography: An Invitation To Marine Science, Loose-leaf Versin