Elementary Statistics: Picturing the World (7th Edition)
Elementary Statistics: Picturing the World (7th Edition)
7th Edition
ISBN: 9780134683416
Author: Ron Larson, Betsy Farber
Publisher: PEARSON
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Textbook Question
Chapter 7.2, Problem 31E

Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises 31–36,

  1. (a) identify the claim and state H0 and Ha.
  2. (b) find the standardized test statistic z.
  3. (c) find the corresponding P-value.
  4. (d) decide whether to reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis.
  5. (e) interpret the decision in the context of the original claim.

31. MCAT Scores A random sample of 100 medical school applicants at a university has a mean total score of 502 on the MCAT. According to a report, the mean total score for the school’s applicants is more than 499. Assume the population standard deviation is 10.6. At α = 0.01, is there enough evidence to support the report's claim? (Source: Association of American Medical Colleges)

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Chapter 7 Solutions

Elementary Statistics: Picturing the World (7th Edition)

Ch. 7.1 - True or False? In Exercises 510, determine whether...Ch. 7.1 - True or False? In Exercises 510, determine whether...Ch. 7.1 - True or False? In Exercises 510, determine whether...Ch. 7.1 - True or False? In Exercises 510, determine whether...Ch. 7.1 - True or False? In Exercises 510, determine whether...Ch. 7.1 - Stating Hypotheses In Exercises 1116, the...Ch. 7.1 - Stating Hypotheses In Exercises 1116, the...Ch. 7.1 - Stating Hypotheses In Exercises 1116, the...Ch. 7.1 - Stating Hypotheses In Exercises 1116, the...Ch. 7.1 - Stating Hypotheses In Exercises 1116, the...Ch. 7.1 - Stating Hypotheses In Exercises 1116, the...Ch. 7.1 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 1720, match the...Ch. 7.1 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 1720, match the...Ch. 7.1 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 1720, match the...Ch. 7.1 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 1720, match the...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying a Test In Exercises 2124, determine...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying a Test In Exercises 2124, determine...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying a Test In Exercises 2124, determine...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying a Test In Exercises 2124, determine...Ch. 7.1 - Stating the Null and Alternative Hypotheses In...Ch. 7.1 - Stating the Null and Alternative Hypotheses In...Ch. 7.1 - Stating the Null and Alternative Hypotheses In...Ch. 7.1 - Stating the Null and Alternative Hypotheses In...Ch. 7.1 - Stating the Null and Alternative Hypotheses In...Ch. 7.1 - Stating the Null and Alternative Hypotheses In...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying Type I and Type II Errors In Exercises...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying Type I and Type II Errors In Exercises...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying Type I and Type II Errors In Exercises...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying Type I and Type II Errors In Exercises...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying Type I and Type II Errors In Exercises...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying Type I and Type II Errors In Exercises...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying the Nature of a Hypothesis Test In...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying the Nature of a Hypothesis Test In...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying the Nature of a Hypothesis Test In...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying the Nature of a Hypothesis Test In...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying the Nature of a Hypothesis Test In...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying the Nature of a Hypothesis Test In...Ch. 7.1 - Interpreting a Decision In Exercises 4348,...Ch. 7.1 - Interpreting a Decision In Exercises 4348,...Ch. 7.1 - Interpreting a Decision In Exercises 4348,...Ch. 7.1 - Interpreting a Decision In Exercises 4348,...Ch. 7.1 - Interpreting a Decision In Exercises 4348,...Ch. 7.1 - Interpreting a Decision In Exercises 4348,...Ch. 7.1 - Writing Hypotheses: Medicine A medical research...Ch. 7.1 - Writing Hypotheses: Transportation Network Company...Ch. 7.1 - Writing Hypotheses: Backpack Manufacturer A...Ch. 7.1 - Writing Hypotheses: Internet Provider An Internet...Ch. 7.1 - Prob. 53ECh. 7.1 - Getting at the Concept Explain why a level of...Ch. 7.1 - Prob. 55ECh. 7.1 - Prob. 56ECh. 7.1 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 5760, you are...Ch. 7.1 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 5760, you are...Ch. 7.1 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 5760, you are...Ch. 7.1 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 5760, you are...Ch. 7.2 - The P-value for a hypothesis test is P = 0.0745....Ch. 7.2 - Find the P-value for a left-tailed hypothesis test...Ch. 7.2 - Find the P-value for a two-tailed hypothesis test...Ch. 7.2 - Homeowners claim that the mean speed of...Ch. 7.2 - According to a study of employed U.S. adults ages...Ch. 7.2 - Repeat Example 6 using a level of significance of ...Ch. 7.2 - Find the critical value and rejection region for a...Ch. 7.2 - Find the critical values and rejection regions for...Ch. 7.2 - The CEO of the company in Example 9 claims that...Ch. 7.2 - In Example 10, at = 0.01, is there enough...Ch. 7.2 - Explain the difference between the z-test for ...Ch. 7.2 - In hypothesis testing, does using the critical...Ch. 7.2 - Interpreting a P-Value In Exercises 38, the...Ch. 7.2 - Interpreting a P-Value In Exercises 38, the...Ch. 7.2 - Interpreting a P-Value In Exercises 38, the...Ch. 7.2 - Interpreting a P-Value In Exercises 38, the...Ch. 7.2 - Interpreting a P-Value In Exercises 38, the...Ch. 7.2 - Interpreting a P-Value In Exercises 38, the...Ch. 7.2 - Finding a P-Value In Exercises 914, find the...Ch. 7.2 - Finding a P-Value In Exercises 914, find the...Ch. 7.2 - Finding a P-Value In Exercises 914, find the...Ch. 7.2 - Finding a P-Value In Exercises 914, find the...Ch. 7.2 - Finding a P-Value In Exercises 914, find the...Ch. 7.2 - Finding a P-Value In Exercises 914, find the...Ch. 7.2 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 15 and 16, match...Ch. 7.2 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 15 and 16, match...Ch. 7.2 - In Exercises 17 and 18, use the TI-84 Plus...Ch. 7.2 - In Exercises 17 and 18, use the TI-84 Plus...Ch. 7.2 - Finding Critical Values and Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.2 - Finding Critical Values and Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.2 - Finding Critical Values and Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.2 - Finding Critical Values and Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.2 - Finding Critical Values and Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.2 - Finding Critical Values and Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.2 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 25 and 26, state...Ch. 7.2 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 25 and 26, state...Ch. 7.2 - In Exercises 2730, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.2 - In Exercises 2730, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.2 - In Exercises 2730, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.2 - In Exercises 2730, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Region(s) In...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Region(s) In...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Region(s) In...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Region(s) In...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Region(s) In...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Region(s) In...Ch. 7.2 - Writing When P , does the standardized test...Ch. 7.2 - Writing In a right-tailed test where P , does the...Ch. 7.3 - Find the critical value for a left-tailed test...Ch. 7.3 - Find the critical value t0 for a right-tailed lest...Ch. 7.3 - Find the critical values t0 and t0 for a...Ch. 7.3 - An industry analyst says that the mean age of a...Ch. 7.3 - The company in Example 5 claims that the mean...Ch. 7.3 - Another department of motor vehicles office claims...Ch. 7.3 - Explain how to find critical values for a...Ch. 7.3 - Explain how to use a t-test to test a hypothesized...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 38, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 38, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 38, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 38, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 38, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 38, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.3 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 912, state whether...Ch. 7.3 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 912, state whether...Ch. 7.3 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 912, state whether...Ch. 7.3 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 912, state whether...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 1318, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 1318, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 1318, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 1318, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 1318, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 1318, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.3 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.3 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.3 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.3 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.3 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.3 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.3 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.3 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.3 - Using a P-Value with a t-Test In Exercises 2730,...Ch. 7.3 - Using a P-Value with a t-Test In Exercises 2730,...Ch. 7.3 - Using a P-Value with a t-Test In Exercises 2730,...Ch. 7.3 - Using a P-Value with a t-Test In Exercises 2730,...Ch. 7.3 - Deciding on a Distribution In Exercises 31 and 32,...Ch. 7.3 - Prob. 32ECh. 7.3 - Writing You are testing a claim and incorrectly...Ch. 7.3 - Set n = 15, Mean = 40, Std. Dev. = 5, and the...Ch. 7.3 - Prob. 2ACh. 7.3 - Set n = 25, Mean = 25, Std. Dev. = 3, and the...Ch. 7.3 - Human Body Temperature: Whats Normal? In an...Ch. 7.3 - Human Body Temperature: Whats Normal? In an...Ch. 7.3 - Human Body Temperature: Whats Normal? In an...Ch. 7.3 - Human Body Temperature: Whats Normal? In an...Ch. 7.3 - Human Body Temperature: Whats Normal? In an...Ch. 7.3 - In an article in the Journal of Statistics...Ch. 7.4 - A researcher claims that more than 90% of U.S....Ch. 7.4 - A researcher claims that 67% of U.S. adults...Ch. 7.4 - Explain how to determine whether a normal...Ch. 7.4 - Explain how to test a population proportion p.Ch. 7.4 - In Exercises 36, determine whether a normal...Ch. 7.4 - In Exercises 36, determine whether a normal...Ch. 7.4 - In Exercises 36, determine whether a normal...Ch. 7.4 - In Exercises 36, determine whether a normal...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.4 - Working Students An education researcher claims...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.4 - Protecting the Environment In Exercises 17 and 18,...Ch. 7.4 - What Are Peoples Attitudes About Protecting the...Ch. 7.4 - Alternative Formula In Exercises 19 and 20, use...Ch. 7.4 - The alternative formula is derived from the...Ch. 7.4 - Set n = 25 and True p = 0.35. Test the claim that...Ch. 7.4 - Prob. 2ACh. 7.5 - Find the critical value02 right-tailed test when n...Ch. 7.5 - Prob. 2TYCh. 7.5 - Prob. 3TYCh. 7.5 - A bottling company claims that the variance of the...Ch. 7.5 - Prob. 5TYCh. 7.5 - A company that offers dieting products and weight...Ch. 7.5 - Explain how to find critical values in a...Ch. 7.5 - Can a critical value for the chi-square test be...Ch. 7.5 - Prob. 3ECh. 7.5 - Prob. 4ECh. 7.5 - In Exercises 512, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 512, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 512, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 512, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 512, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 512, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 512, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 512, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.5 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 13 and 14, state...Ch. 7.5 - Prob. 14ECh. 7.5 - In Exercises 1522, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.5 - Prob. 16ECh. 7.5 - In Exercises 1522, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 1522, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 1522, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.5 - Prob. 20ECh. 7.5 - In Exercises 1522, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 1522, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.5 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.5 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.5 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.5 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.5 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.5 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.5 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.5 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.5 - Prob. 31ECh. 7.5 - Prob. 32ECh. 7.5 - Prob. 33ECh. 7.5 - Prob. 34ECh. 7 - EXERCISES In Exercises 13, assume that you work...Ch. 7 - Describe how your report could make a type I...Ch. 7 - Prob. 3UACh. 7 - In Exercises 16, the statement represents a claim....Ch. 7 - In Exercises 16, the statement represents a claim....Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.1.3RECh. 7 - In Exercises 16, the statement represents a claim....Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.1.5RECh. 7 - In Exercises 16, the statement represents a claim....Ch. 7 - In Exercises 710, (a) state the null and...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.1.8RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.1.9RECh. 7 - In Exercises 710, (a) state the null and...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 11 and 12, find the P-value for the...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.2.12RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.2.13RECh. 7 - In Exercises 1316, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.2.15RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.2.16RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.2.17RECh. 7 - In Exercises 1720, state whether the standardized...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 1720, state whether the standardized...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 1720, state whether the standardized...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 2124, test the claim about the...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 2124, test the claim about the...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 2124, test the claim about the...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.2.24RECh. 7 - In Exercises 25 and 26, (a) identify the claim and...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 25 and 26, (a) identify the claim and...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 27 and 28, (a) identify the claim and...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 27 and 28, (a) identify the claim and...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.3.29RECh. 7 - In Exercises 2934, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 2934, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.3.32RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.3.33RECh. 7 - In Exercises 2934, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.3.35RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.3.36RECh. 7 - In Exercises 3540, test the claim about the...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 3540, test the claim about the...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.3.39RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.3.40RECh. 7 - In Exercises 41 and 42, (a) identify the claim and...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 41 and 42, (a) identify the claim and...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 43 and 44, (a) identify the claim and...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.3.44RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.4.45RECh. 7 - In Exercises 4548, determine whether a normal...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.4.47RECh. 7 - In Exercises 4548, determine whether a normal...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.4.49RECh. 7 - In Exercises 49 and 50, (a) identify the claim and...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.5.51RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.52RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.53RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.54RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.55RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.56RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.57RECh. 7 - In Exercises 5558, test the claim about the...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.5.59RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.60RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.61RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.62RECh. 7 - Take this quiz as you would take a quiz in class....Ch. 7 - Prob. 2CQCh. 7 - Take this quiz as you would take a quiz in class....Ch. 7 - Prob. 4CQCh. 7 - Prob. 5CQCh. 7 - Prob. 6CQCh. 7 - Take this test as you would take a test in class....Ch. 7 - Take this test as you would take a test in class....Ch. 7 - Take this test as you would take a test in class....Ch. 7 - Take this test as you would take a test in class....Ch. 7 - Take this quiz as you would take a quiz in class....Ch. 7 - Take this test as you would take a test in class....Ch. 7 - Take this quiz as you would take a quiz in class....Ch. 7 - Supporting a Claim You want your test to support a...Ch. 7 - Testing a Claim You want to claim that students at...Ch. 7 - Testing a Claim You want to claim that your...Ch. 7 - EXERCISES 1. The Minilab display below shows a...Ch. 7 - In Exercise 1, you rejected the claim that p =...Ch. 7 - Describe a hypothesis test for Judge Fords random...
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