Elementary Statistics: Picturing the World (7th Edition)

7th Edition

ISBN: 9780134683416

Author: Ron Larson, Betsy Farber

Publisher: PEARSON

*expand_more*

*expand_more*

*format_list_bulleted*

#### Concept explainers

Textbook Question

Chapter 7.2, Problem 34E

**Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value**

*In Exercises 31–36,*

- (a)
*identify the claim and state H*_{0}*and H*_{a}. - (b)
*find the standardized test statistic z.* - (c)
*find the corresponding P-value.* - (d)
*decide whether to reject or fail to reject the null hypothesis.* - (e)
*interpret the decision in the context of the original claim.*

**34. Acceleration Times** A consumer group claims that the mean acceleration time from 0 to 60 miles per hour for a sedan is 6.3 seconds. A random sample of 33 sedans has a mean acceleration time from 0 to 60 miles per hour of 7.2 seconds. Assume the population standard deviation is 2.5 seconds. At *α =* 0.05, can you reject the claim? *(Source: Zero to 60 Times)*

Expert Solution & Answer

Learn your wayIncludes step-by-step video

*schedule*10:03

Students have asked these similar questions

Testing Claims About Proportions. In Exercises 7–22, test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value or critical value(s), then state the conclusion about the null hypothesis, as well as the final conclusion that addresses the original claim.
Clinical Trials of OxyContin OxyContin (oxycodone) is a drug used to treat pain, but it is well known for its addictiveness and danger. In a clinical trial, among subjects treated with OxyContin, 52 developed nausea and 175 did not develop nausea. Among other subjects given placebos, 5 developed nausea and 40 did not develop nausea (based on data from Purdue Pharma L.P.). Use a 0.05 significance level to test for a difference between the rates of nausea for those treated with OxyContin and those given a placebo.
a. Use a hypothesis test.
b. Use an appropriate confidence interval.
c. Does nausea appear to be an adverse reaction resulting from OxyContin?

Testing Claims About Proportions. In Exercises 7–22, test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value or critical value(s), then state the conclusion about the null hypothesis, as well as the final conclusion that addresses the original claim.
Ground vs. Helicopter for Serious Injuries A study investigated rates of fatalities among patients with serious traumatic injuries. Among 61,909 patients transported by helicopter, 7813 died. Among 161,566 patients transported by ground services, 17,775 died (based on data from “Association Between Helicopter vs Ground Emergency Medical Services and Survival for Adults With Major Trauma,” by Galvagno et al., Journal of the American Medical Association , Vol. 307, No. 15). Use a 0.01 significance level to test the claim that the rate of fatalities is higher for patients transported by helicopter.
a. Test the claim using a hypothesis test.
b. Test the claim by constructing an appropriate…

Testing Claims About Proportions. In Exercises 7–22, test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value or critical value(s), then state the conclusion about the null hypothesis, as well as the final conclusion that addresses the original claim.
Cell Phones and Handedness A study was conducted to investigate the association between cell phone use and hemispheric brain dominance. Among 216 subjects who prefer to use their left ear for cell phones, 166 were right-handed. Among 452 subjects who prefer to use their right ear for cell phones, 436 were right-handed (based on data from “Hemispheric Dominance and Cell Phone Use,” by Seidman et al., JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery, Vol. 139, No. 5). We want to use a 0.01 significance level to test the claim that the rate of right-handedness for those who prefer to use their left ear for cell phones is less than the rate of right-handedness for those who prefer to use their right ear…

# Chapter 7 Solutions

Elementary Statistics: Picturing the World (7th Edition)

Ch. 7.1 - Write each claim as a mathematical statement....Ch. 7.1 - A company specializing in parachute assembly...Ch. 7.1 - For each claim, state H0 and Ha in words and in...Ch. 7.1 - You perform a hypothesis test for each claim. How...Ch. 7.1 - 1. You represent a chemical company that is being...Ch. 7.1 - What are the two types of hypotheses used in a...Ch. 7.1 - Describe the two types of errors possible in a...Ch. 7.1 - Prob. 3ECh. 7.1 - Does failing to reject the null hypothesis mean...Ch. 7.1 - True or False? In Exercises 510, determine whether...

Ch. 7.1 - True or False? In Exercises 510, determine whether...Ch. 7.1 - True or False? In Exercises 510, determine whether...Ch. 7.1 - True or False? In Exercises 510, determine whether...Ch. 7.1 - True or False? In Exercises 510, determine whether...Ch. 7.1 - True or False? In Exercises 510, determine whether...Ch. 7.1 - Stating Hypotheses In Exercises 1116, the...Ch. 7.1 - Stating Hypotheses In Exercises 1116, the...Ch. 7.1 - Stating Hypotheses In Exercises 1116, the...Ch. 7.1 - Stating Hypotheses In Exercises 1116, the...Ch. 7.1 - Stating Hypotheses In Exercises 1116, the...Ch. 7.1 - Stating Hypotheses In Exercises 1116, the...Ch. 7.1 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 1720, match the...Ch. 7.1 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 1720, match the...Ch. 7.1 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 1720, match the...Ch. 7.1 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 1720, match the...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying a Test In Exercises 2124, determine...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying a Test In Exercises 2124, determine...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying a Test In Exercises 2124, determine...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying a Test In Exercises 2124, determine...Ch. 7.1 - Stating the Null and Alternative Hypotheses In...Ch. 7.1 - Stating the Null and Alternative Hypotheses In...Ch. 7.1 - Stating the Null and Alternative Hypotheses In...Ch. 7.1 - Stating the Null and Alternative Hypotheses In...Ch. 7.1 - Stating the Null and Alternative Hypotheses In...Ch. 7.1 - Stating the Null and Alternative Hypotheses In...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying Type I and Type II Errors In Exercises...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying Type I and Type II Errors In Exercises...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying Type I and Type II Errors In Exercises...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying Type I and Type II Errors In Exercises...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying Type I and Type II Errors In Exercises...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying Type I and Type II Errors In Exercises...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying the Nature of a Hypothesis Test In...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying the Nature of a Hypothesis Test In...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying the Nature of a Hypothesis Test In...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying the Nature of a Hypothesis Test In...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying the Nature of a Hypothesis Test In...Ch. 7.1 - Identifying the Nature of a Hypothesis Test In...Ch. 7.1 - Interpreting a Decision In Exercises 4348,...Ch. 7.1 - Interpreting a Decision In Exercises 4348,...Ch. 7.1 - Interpreting a Decision In Exercises 4348,...Ch. 7.1 - Interpreting a Decision In Exercises 4348,...Ch. 7.1 - Interpreting a Decision In Exercises 4348,...Ch. 7.1 - Interpreting a Decision In Exercises 4348,...Ch. 7.1 - Writing Hypotheses: Medicine A medical research...Ch. 7.1 - Writing Hypotheses: Transportation Network Company...Ch. 7.1 - Writing Hypotheses: Backpack Manufacturer A...Ch. 7.1 - Writing Hypotheses: Internet Provider An Internet...Ch. 7.1 - Prob. 53ECh. 7.1 - Getting at the Concept Explain why a level of...Ch. 7.1 - Prob. 55ECh. 7.1 - Prob. 56ECh. 7.1 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 5760, you are...Ch. 7.1 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 5760, you are...Ch. 7.1 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 5760, you are...Ch. 7.1 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 5760, you are...Ch. 7.2 - The P-value for a hypothesis test is P = 0.0745....Ch. 7.2 - Find the P-value for a left-tailed hypothesis test...Ch. 7.2 - Find the P-value for a two-tailed hypothesis test...Ch. 7.2 - Homeowners claim that the mean speed of...Ch. 7.2 - According to a study of employed U.S. adults ages...Ch. 7.2 - Repeat Example 6 using a level of significance of ...Ch. 7.2 - Find the critical value and rejection region for a...Ch. 7.2 - Find the critical values and rejection regions for...Ch. 7.2 - The CEO of the company in Example 9 claims that...Ch. 7.2 - In Example 10, at = 0.01, is there enough...Ch. 7.2 - Explain the difference between the z-test for ...Ch. 7.2 - In hypothesis testing, does using the critical...Ch. 7.2 - Interpreting a P-Value In Exercises 38, the...Ch. 7.2 - Interpreting a P-Value In Exercises 38, the...Ch. 7.2 - Interpreting a P-Value In Exercises 38, the...Ch. 7.2 - Interpreting a P-Value In Exercises 38, the...Ch. 7.2 - Interpreting a P-Value In Exercises 38, the...Ch. 7.2 - Interpreting a P-Value In Exercises 38, the...Ch. 7.2 - Finding a P-Value In Exercises 914, find the...Ch. 7.2 - Finding a P-Value In Exercises 914, find the...Ch. 7.2 - Finding a P-Value In Exercises 914, find the...Ch. 7.2 - Finding a P-Value In Exercises 914, find the...Ch. 7.2 - Finding a P-Value In Exercises 914, find the...Ch. 7.2 - Finding a P-Value In Exercises 914, find the...Ch. 7.2 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 15 and 16, match...Ch. 7.2 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 15 and 16, match...Ch. 7.2 - In Exercises 17 and 18, use the TI-84 Plus...Ch. 7.2 - In Exercises 17 and 18, use the TI-84 Plus...Ch. 7.2 - Finding Critical Values and Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.2 - Finding Critical Values and Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.2 - Finding Critical Values and Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.2 - Finding Critical Values and Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.2 - Finding Critical Values and Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.2 - Finding Critical Values and Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.2 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 25 and 26, state...Ch. 7.2 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 25 and 26, state...Ch. 7.2 - In Exercises 2730, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.2 - In Exercises 2730, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.2 - In Exercises 2730, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.2 - In Exercises 2730, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Region(s) In...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Region(s) In...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Region(s) In...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Region(s) In...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Region(s) In...Ch. 7.2 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Region(s) In...Ch. 7.2 - Writing When P , does the standardized test...Ch. 7.2 - Writing In a right-tailed test where P , does the...Ch. 7.3 - Find the critical value for a left-tailed test...Ch. 7.3 - Find the critical value t0 for a right-tailed lest...Ch. 7.3 - Find the critical values t0 and t0 for a...Ch. 7.3 - An industry analyst says that the mean age of a...Ch. 7.3 - The company in Example 5 claims that the mean...Ch. 7.3 - Another department of motor vehicles office claims...Ch. 7.3 - Explain how to find critical values for a...Ch. 7.3 - Explain how to use a t-test to test a hypothesized...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 38, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 38, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 38, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 38, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 38, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 38, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.3 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 912, state whether...Ch. 7.3 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 912, state whether...Ch. 7.3 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 912, state whether...Ch. 7.3 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 912, state whether...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 1318, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 1318, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 1318, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 1318, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 1318, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.3 - In Exercises 1318, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.3 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.3 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.3 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.3 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.3 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.3 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.3 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.3 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.3 - Using a P-Value with a t-Test In Exercises 2730,...Ch. 7.3 - Using a P-Value with a t-Test In Exercises 2730,...Ch. 7.3 - Using a P-Value with a t-Test In Exercises 2730,...Ch. 7.3 - Using a P-Value with a t-Test In Exercises 2730,...Ch. 7.3 - Deciding on a Distribution In Exercises 31 and 32,...Ch. 7.3 - Prob. 32ECh. 7.3 - Writing You are testing a claim and incorrectly...Ch. 7.3 - Set n = 15, Mean = 40, Std. Dev. = 5, and the...Ch. 7.3 - Prob. 2ACh. 7.3 - Set n = 25, Mean = 25, Std. Dev. = 3, and the...Ch. 7.3 - Human Body Temperature: Whats Normal? In an...Ch. 7.3 - Human Body Temperature: Whats Normal? In an...Ch. 7.3 - Human Body Temperature: Whats Normal? In an...Ch. 7.3 - Human Body Temperature: Whats Normal? In an...Ch. 7.3 - Human Body Temperature: Whats Normal? In an...Ch. 7.3 - In an article in the Journal of Statistics...Ch. 7.4 - A researcher claims that more than 90% of U.S....Ch. 7.4 - A researcher claims that 67% of U.S. adults...Ch. 7.4 - Explain how to determine whether a normal...Ch. 7.4 - Explain how to test a population proportion p.Ch. 7.4 - In Exercises 36, determine whether a normal...Ch. 7.4 - In Exercises 36, determine whether a normal...Ch. 7.4 - In Exercises 36, determine whether a normal...Ch. 7.4 - In Exercises 36, determine whether a normal...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.4 - Working Students An education researcher claims...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.4 - Hypothesis Testing Using a P-Value In Exercises...Ch. 7.4 - Protecting the Environment In Exercises 17 and 18,...Ch. 7.4 - What Are Peoples Attitudes About Protecting the...Ch. 7.4 - Alternative Formula In Exercises 19 and 20, use...Ch. 7.4 - The alternative formula is derived from the...Ch. 7.4 - Set n = 25 and True p = 0.35. Test the claim that...Ch. 7.4 - Prob. 2ACh. 7.5 - Find the critical value02 right-tailed test when n...Ch. 7.5 - Prob. 2TYCh. 7.5 - Prob. 3TYCh. 7.5 - A bottling company claims that the variance of the...Ch. 7.5 - Prob. 5TYCh. 7.5 - A company that offers dieting products and weight...Ch. 7.5 - Explain how to find critical values in a...Ch. 7.5 - Can a critical value for the chi-square test be...Ch. 7.5 - Prob. 3ECh. 7.5 - Prob. 4ECh. 7.5 - In Exercises 512, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 512, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 512, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 512, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 512, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 512, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 512, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 512, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7.5 - Graphical Analysis In Exercises 13 and 14, state...Ch. 7.5 - Prob. 14ECh. 7.5 - In Exercises 1522, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.5 - Prob. 16ECh. 7.5 - In Exercises 1522, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 1522, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 1522, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.5 - Prob. 20ECh. 7.5 - In Exercises 1522, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.5 - In Exercises 1522, test the claim about the...Ch. 7.5 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.5 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.5 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.5 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.5 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.5 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.5 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.5 - Hypothesis Testing Using Rejection Regions In...Ch. 7.5 - Prob. 31ECh. 7.5 - Prob. 32ECh. 7.5 - Prob. 33ECh. 7.5 - Prob. 34ECh. 7 - EXERCISES In Exercises 13, assume that you work...Ch. 7 - Describe how your report could make a type I...Ch. 7 - Prob. 3UACh. 7 - In Exercises 16, the statement represents a claim....Ch. 7 - In Exercises 16, the statement represents a claim....Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.1.3RECh. 7 - In Exercises 16, the statement represents a claim....Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.1.5RECh. 7 - In Exercises 16, the statement represents a claim....Ch. 7 - In Exercises 710, (a) state the null and...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.1.8RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.1.9RECh. 7 - In Exercises 710, (a) state the null and...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 11 and 12, find the P-value for the...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.2.12RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.2.13RECh. 7 - In Exercises 1316, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.2.15RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.2.16RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.2.17RECh. 7 - In Exercises 1720, state whether the standardized...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 1720, state whether the standardized...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 1720, state whether the standardized...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 2124, test the claim about the...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 2124, test the claim about the...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 2124, test the claim about the...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.2.24RECh. 7 - In Exercises 25 and 26, (a) identify the claim and...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 25 and 26, (a) identify the claim and...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 27 and 28, (a) identify the claim and...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 27 and 28, (a) identify the claim and...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.3.29RECh. 7 - In Exercises 2934, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 2934, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.3.32RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.3.33RECh. 7 - In Exercises 2934, find the critical value(s) and...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.3.35RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.3.36RECh. 7 - In Exercises 3540, test the claim about the...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 3540, test the claim about the...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.3.39RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.3.40RECh. 7 - In Exercises 41 and 42, (a) identify the claim and...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 41 and 42, (a) identify the claim and...Ch. 7 - In Exercises 43 and 44, (a) identify the claim and...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.3.44RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.4.45RECh. 7 - In Exercises 4548, determine whether a normal...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.4.47RECh. 7 - In Exercises 4548, determine whether a normal...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.4.49RECh. 7 - In Exercises 49 and 50, (a) identify the claim and...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.5.51RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.52RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.53RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.54RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.55RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.56RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.57RECh. 7 - In Exercises 5558, test the claim about the...Ch. 7 - Prob. 7.5.59RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.60RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.61RECh. 7 - Prob. 7.5.62RECh. 7 - Take this quiz as you would take a quiz in class....Ch. 7 - Prob. 2CQCh. 7 - Take this quiz as you would take a quiz in class....Ch. 7 - Prob. 4CQCh. 7 - Prob. 5CQCh. 7 - Prob. 6CQCh. 7 - Take this test as you would take a test in class....Ch. 7 - Take this test as you would take a test in class....Ch. 7 - Take this test as you would take a test in class....Ch. 7 - Take this test as you would take a test in class....Ch. 7 - Take this quiz as you would take a quiz in class....Ch. 7 - Take this test as you would take a test in class....Ch. 7 - Take this quiz as you would take a quiz in class....Ch. 7 - Supporting a Claim You want your test to support a...Ch. 7 - Testing a Claim You want to claim that students at...Ch. 7 - Testing a Claim You want to claim that your...Ch. 7 - EXERCISES 1. The Minilab display below shows a...Ch. 7 - In Exercise 1, you rejected the claim that p =...Ch. 7 - Describe a hypothesis test for Judge Fords random...

# Additional Math Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Qualitative versus Quantitative. What is the difference between qualitative data and quantitative data?

Statistical Reasoning for Everyday Life (5th Edition)

Standard Normal Distribution. In Exercises 17–36, assume that a randomly selected subject is given a bone densi...

Essentials of Statistics (6th Edition)

A father rates his daughter as a 2 on a 7-point scale (from 1 to 7) of crankiness. In this example, (a) what is...

Statistics for Psychology

The purpose of a measure of centre.

Introductory Statistics (10th Edition)

23. Social Security Reform A researcher studying public opinion of proposed Social Security changes obtains a s...

Fundamentals of Statistics (5th Edition)

Knowledge Booster

Learn more about

Need a deep-dive on the concept behind this application? Look no further. Learn more about this topic, statistics and related others by exploring similar questions and additional content below.Similar questions

- Testing Claims About Proportions. In Exercises 7–22, test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value or critical value(s), then state the conclusion about the null hypothesis, as well as the final conclusion that addresses the original claim. Does Aspirin Prevent Heart Disease? In a trial designed to test the effectiveness of aspirin in preventing heart disease, 11,037 male physicians were treated with aspirin and 11,034 male physicians were given placebos. Among the subjects in the aspirin treatment group, 139 experienced myocardial infarctions (heart attacks). Among the subjects given placebos, 239 experienced myocardial infarctions (based on data from “Final Report on the Aspirin Component of the Ongoing Physicians’ Health Study,” New England Journal of Medicine , Vol. 321: 129–135). Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that aspirin has no effect on myocardial infarctions. a. Test the claim using a hypothesis test. b.…
*arrow_forward*Testing Claims About Proportions. In Exercises 7–22, test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value or critical value(s), then state the conclusion about the null hypothesis, as well as the final conclusion that addresses the original claim. Denomination Effect A trial was conducted with 75 women in China given a 100-yuan bill, while another 75 women in China were given 100 yuan in the form of smaller bills (a 50-yuan bill plus two 20-yuan bills plus two 5-yuan bills). Among those given the single bill, 60 spent some or all of the money. Among those given the smaller bills, 68 spent some or all of the money (based on data from “The Denomination Effect,” by Raghubir and Srivastava, Journal of Consumer Research, Vol. 36). We want to use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that when given a single large bill, a smaller proportion of women in China spend some or all of the money when compared to the proportion of women in China…*arrow_forward*Testing Claims About Variation. In Exercises 5–16, test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value, or critical value(s), then state the conclusion about the null hypothesis, as well as the final conclusion that addresses the original claim. Assume that a simple random sample is selected from a normally distributed population. Spoken Words Couples were recruited for a study of how many words people speak in a day. A random sample of 56 males resulted in a mean of 16,576 words and a standard deviation of 7871 words. Use a 0.01 significance level to test the claim that males have a standard deviation that is greater than the standard deviation of 7460 words for females (based on Data Set 24 “Word Counts”).*arrow_forward* - Testing Claims About Proportions. In Exercises 7–22, test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value or critical value(s), then state the conclusion about the null hypothesis, as well as the final conclusion that addresses the original claim. Dreaming in Black and White A study was conducted to determine the proportion of people who dream in black and white instead of color. Among 306 people over the age of 55, 68 dream in black and white, and among 298 people under the age of 25, 13 dream in black and white (based on data from “Do We Dream in Color?” by Eva Murzyn, Consciousness and Cognition , Vol. 17, No. 4). We want to use a 0.01 significance level to test the claim that the proportion of people over 55 who dream in black and white is greater than the proportion of those under 25. a. Test the claim using a hypothesis test. b. Test the claim by constructing an appropriate confidence interval. c. c. An explanation given for the…
*arrow_forward*Testing Claims About Variation. In Exercises 5–16, test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value, or critical value(s), then state the conclusion about the null hypothesis, as well as the final conclusion that addresses the original claim. Assume that a simple random sample is selected from a normally distributed population. Pulse Rates of Men A simple random sample of 153 men results in a standard deviation of 11.3 beats per minute (based on Data Set 1 “Body Data” in Appendix B). The normal range of pulse rates of adults is typically given as 60 to 100 beats per minute. If the range rule of thumb is applied to that normal range, the result is a standard deviation of 10 beats per minute. Use the sample results with a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that pulse rates of men have a standard deviation equal to 10 beats per minute; see the accompanying StatCrunch display for this test. What do the results indicate about the…*arrow_forward*Testing Hypotheses. In Exercises 13–24, assume that a simple random sample has been selected and test the given claim. Unless specified by your instructor, use either the P-value method or the critical value method for testing hypotheses. Identify the null and alternative hypotheses, test statistic, P-value (or range of P-values), or critical value(s), and state the final conclusion that addresses the original claim. Lead in Medicine Listed below are the lead concentrations (in μ g/g) measured in different Ayurveda medicines. Ayurveda is a traditional medical system commonly used in India. The lead concentrations listed here are from medicines manufactured in the United States (based on data from “Lead, Mercury, and Arsenic in US and Indian Manufactured Ayurvedic Medicines Sold via the Internet,” by Saper et al., Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 300, No. 8). Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that the mean lead concentration for all such medicines is…*arrow_forward* - Testing Claims about Proportions. In Exercises test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value or critical value(s), conclusion about the null hypothesis, and final conclusion that addresses the original claim. Headache Treatment In a study of treatments for very painful “cluster” headaches, 150 patients were treated with oxygen and 148 other patients were given a placebo consisting of ordinary air. Among the 150 patients in the oxygen treatment group, 116 were free from headaches 15 minutes after treatment. Among the 148 patients given the placebo, 29 were free from headaches 15 minutes after treatment (based on data from “High-Flow Oxygen for Treatment of Cluster Headache,” by Cohen, Burns, and Goadsby, Journal of the American Medical Association, Vol. 302, No. 22). We want to use a 0.01 significance level to test the claim that the oxygen treatment is effective. a. Test the claim using a hypothesis test. b. Test the claim by…
*arrow_forward*Testing Claims About Proportions. In Exercises 7–22, test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value or critical value(s), then state the conclusion about the null hypothesis, as well as the final conclusion that addresses the original claim. Lefties In a random sample of males, it was found that 23 write with their left hands and 217 do not. In a random sample of females, it was found that 65 write with their left hands and 455 do not (based on data from “The Left-Handed: Their Sinister History,” by Elaine Fowler Costas, Education Resources Information Center, Paper 399519). We want to use a 0.01 significance level to test the claim that the rate of left-handedness among males is less than that among females. a. Test the claim using a hypothesis test. b. Test the claim by constructing an appropriate confidence interval. c. Based on the results, is the rate of left-handedness among males less than the rate of left-handedness among…*arrow_forward*Testing Claims About Variation. In Exercises 5–16, test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value, or critical value(s), then state the conclusion about the null hypothesis, as well as the final conclusion that addresses the original claim. Assume that a simple random sample is selected from a normally distributed population. Body Temperature Example 5 in Section 8-3 involved a test of the claim that humans have body temperatures with a mean equal to 98.6°F. The sample of 106 body temperatures has a standard deviation of 0.62°F. The conclusion in that example would change if the sample standard deviation s were 2.08°F or greater. Use a 0.01 significance level to test the claim that the sample of 106 body temperatures is from a population with a standard deviation less than 2.08°F. What does the result tell us about the validity of the hypothesis test in Example 5 in Section 8-3?*arrow_forward* - Testing Claims About Variation. In Exercises 5–16, test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value, or critical value(s), then state the conclusion about the null hypothesis, as well as the final conclusion that addresses the original claim. Assume that a simple random sample is selected from a normally distributed population. Statistics Test Scores Tests in the author’s statistics classes have scores with a standard deviation equal to 14.1. One of his last classes had 27 test scores with a standard deviation of 9.3. Use a 0.01 significance level to test the claim that this class has less variation than other past classes. Does a lower standard deviation suggest that this last class is doing better?
*arrow_forward*Identifying H0 and H1 In Exercises 5–8, do the following: a. Express the original claim in symbolic form. b. Identify the null and alternative hypotheses. Pulse Rates Claim: The mean pulse rate (in beats per minute, or bpm) of adult males is equal to 69 bpm. For the random sample of 153 adult males in Data Set 1 “Body Data” in Appendix B, the mean pulse rate is 69.6 bpm and the standard deviation is 11.3 bpm.*arrow_forward*Testing Claims About Variation. In Exercises 5–16, test the given claim. Identify the null hypothesis, alternative hypothesis, test statistic, P-value, or critical value(s), then state the conclusion about the null hypothesis, as well as the final conclusion that addresses the original claim. Assume that a simple random sample is selected from a normally distributed population. Coffee Vending Machines The Brazil vending machine dispenses coffee, and a random sample of 27 filled cups have contents with a mean of 7.14 oz and a standard deviation of 0.17 oz. Use a 0.05 significance level to test the claim that the machine dispenses amounts with a standard deviation greater than the standard deviation of 0.15 oz specified in the machine design.*arrow_forward*

*arrow_back_ios*

SEE MORE QUESTIONS

*arrow_forward_ios*

Recommended textbooks for you

- MATLAB: An Introduction with ApplicationsStatisticsISBN:9781119256830Author:Amos GilatPublisher:John Wiley & Sons IncProbability and Statistics for Engineering and th...StatisticsISBN:9781305251809Author:Jay L. DevorePublisher:Cengage LearningStatistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap C...StatisticsISBN:9781305504912Author:Frederick J Gravetter, Larry B. WallnauPublisher:Cengage Learning
- Elementary Statistics: Picturing the World (7th E...StatisticsISBN:9780134683416Author:Ron Larson, Betsy FarberPublisher:PEARSONThe Basic Practice of StatisticsStatisticsISBN:9781319042578Author:David S. Moore, William I. Notz, Michael A. FlignerPublisher:W. H. FreemanIntroduction to the Practice of StatisticsStatisticsISBN:9781319013387Author:David S. Moore, George P. McCabe, Bruce A. CraigPublisher:W. H. Freeman

MATLAB: An Introduction with Applications

Statistics

ISBN:9781119256830

Author:Amos Gilat

Publisher:John Wiley & Sons Inc

Probability and Statistics for Engineering and th...

Statistics

ISBN:9781305251809

Author:Jay L. Devore

Publisher:Cengage Learning

Statistics for The Behavioral Sciences (MindTap C...

Statistics

ISBN:9781305504912

Author:Frederick J Gravetter, Larry B. Wallnau

Publisher:Cengage Learning

Elementary Statistics: Picturing the World (7th E...

Statistics

ISBN:9780134683416

Author:Ron Larson, Betsy Farber

Publisher:PEARSON

The Basic Practice of Statistics

Statistics

ISBN:9781319042578

Author:David S. Moore, William I. Notz, Michael A. Fligner

Publisher:W. H. Freeman

Introduction to the Practice of Statistics

Statistics

ISBN:9781319013387

Author:David S. Moore, George P. McCabe, Bruce A. Craig

Publisher:W. H. Freeman

Hypothesis Testing - Solving Problems With Proportions; Author: The Organic Chemistry Tutor;https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=76VruarGn2Q;License: Standard YouTube License, CC-BY

Hypothesis Testing and Confidence Intervals (FRM Part 1 – Book 2 – Chapter 5); Author: Analystprep;https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=vth3yZIUlGQ;License: Standard YouTube License, CC-BY