menu
bartleby
search
close search
Hit Return to see all results
close solutoin list

trong>Exercise 8.9 Sevin, the commercial name for an insecticide used to protect crops such as cotton, vegetables, and fruit, is made from carbamic acid. A chemist analyzing a sample of carbamic acid finds 0.8007 g of carbon, 0.9333 g of nitrogen, 0.2016 g of hydrogen, and 2.133 g of oxygen. Determine the empirical formula for carbamic acid.

BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337399425

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781337399425
Chapter 8.8, Problem 8.9SC
Textbook Problem
59 views

trong>Exercise 8.9 Sevin, the commercial name for an insecticide used to protect crops such as cotton, vegetables, and fruit, is made from carbamic acid. A chemist analyzing a sample of carbamic acid finds 0.8007 g of carbon, 0.9333 g of nitrogen, 0.2016 g of hydrogen, and 2.133 g of oxygen. Determine the empirical formula for carbamic acid.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Empirical formula of the pesticide carbamic acid should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

Empirical formula of a compound is formula for proportions of element present in that compound. The actual number and arrangement of atoms of elements are not defined by empirical formula; molecular formula defines the arrangement and actual number of atoms.

Explanation of Solution

For finding out empirical formula of the given pesticide following steps need to be followed:

  1. Calculate the number of moles from the given mass of the element.
  2. Divide each moles of t element with smallest number of moles calculated in step1.
Element Atomic mass Given mass No. of moles Simplest moles ratio
Carbon 12g 0.8007g 0.8007g×1mole12gC=0.066 0.0660.066=1
Hydrogen 1g 0.2016g 0.2016g×1mole1gH=0.201 0.2010.066=3.04
Nitrogen 14g 0

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 8 Solutions

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundation
Show all chapter solutions
add
Ch. 8.8 - trong>Exercise 8.9 Sevin, the commercial name for...Ch. 8.8 - e part of the problem-solving strategy for...Ch. 8.8 - ercise 8.10 The most common form of nylon...Ch. 8.9 - Exercise 8.11 A compound used as an additive for...Ch. 8 - n chemistry, what is meant by the term mole? What...Ch. 8 - hat is the difference between the empirical and...Ch. 8 - substance A2B is 60% A by mass. Calculate the...Ch. 8 - ive the formula for calcium phosphate and then...Ch. 8 - ow would you find the number of “chalk molecules”...Ch. 8 - 0.821 -mol sample of a substance composed of...Ch. 8 - ow many molecules of water are there in a 10.0-g...Ch. 8 - hat is the mass (in grams) of one molecule of...Ch. 8 - onsider separate 100.0-g samples of each of the...Ch. 8 - A molecule has a mass of 4.651023 g. Provide two...Ch. 8 - Differentiate between the terms atomic mass and...Ch. 8 - Consider Figure 4.19 in the text. Why is it that...Ch. 8 - Why do we need to count atoms by weighing them?Ch. 8 - The following claim is made in your text: 1 mole...Ch. 8 - Estimate the length of time it would take you to...Ch. 8 - Suppose Avogadro’s number was 1000 instead of...Ch. 8 - Estimate the number of atoms in your body and...Ch. 8 - Consider separate equal mass samples of magnesium,...Ch. 8 - You have a 20.0-g sample of silver metal. You are...Ch. 8 - How would you find the number of “ink molecules”...Ch. 8 - True or false? The atom with the largest subscript...Ch. 8 - Which of the following compounds have the same...Ch. 8 - The percent by mass of nitrogen is 46.7% for a...Ch. 8 - Calculate the molar mass of the following...Ch. 8 - Give the empirical formula for each of the...Ch. 8 - erchants usually sell small nuts, washers, and...Ch. 8 - he “Chemistry in Focus” segment Plastic That Talks...Ch. 8 - efine the amu. What is one amu equivalent to in...Ch. 8 - hat do we mean by the average atomic mass of an...Ch. 8 - sing the average atomic masses for each of the...Ch. 8 - sing the average atomic masses for each of the...Ch. 8 - hat is the average atomic mass (in arnu) of iron...Ch. 8 - he atomic mass of copper is 63.55 amu. What would...Ch. 8 - here are _________ iron atoms present in 55.85 g...Ch. 8 - There are 6.0221023 zinc atoms present in g of...Ch. 8 - Suppose you have a sample of sodium weighing 11.50...Ch. 8 - Consider a sample of silver weighing 30OE0 g. How...Ch. 8 - What mass of hydrogen contains the same number of...Ch. 8 - What mass of cobalt contains the same number of...Ch. 8 - If an average sodium atom has a mass of 3.821023...Ch. 8 - Ifan average fluorine atom has a mass of 3.161023...Ch. 8 - Which has the smaller mass, 1 mole of He atoms or...Ch. 8 - Which weighs less, 0.25 mole of xenon atoms or 2.0...Ch. 8 - Use the average atomic masses given inside the...Ch. 8 - Use the average atomic masses given inside the...Ch. 8 - Use the average atomic masses given inside the...Ch. 8 - Use the average atomic masses given inside the...Ch. 8 - Using the average atomic masses given inside the...Ch. 8 - Using the average atomic masses given inside the...Ch. 8 - The _________ of a substance is the mass (in...Ch. 8 - Describe in your own words how the molar mass of...Ch. 8 - Give the name and calculate the molar mass for...Ch. 8 - Give the name and calculate the molar mass for...Ch. 8 - Write the formula and calculate the molar mass for...Ch. 8 - Write the formula and calculate the molar mass for...Ch. 8 - Calculate the number of moles of the indicated...Ch. 8 - Calculate the number of moles of the indicated...Ch. 8 - Calculate the number of moles of the indicated...Ch. 8 - Calculate the number of moles of the indicated...Ch. 8 - Calculate the mass in grams of each of the...Ch. 8 - Calculate the mass in grams of each of the...Ch. 8 - Calculate the mass in grams of each of the...Ch. 8 - Calculate the mass in grams of each of the...Ch. 8 - Calculate the number of molecules present in each...Ch. 8 - Calculate the number of molecules present in each...Ch. 8 - Calculate the number of moles of carbon atoms...Ch. 8 - Calculate the number of moles of sulfur atoms...Ch. 8 - The mass fraction of an element present in a...Ch. 8 - If the amount of a sample doubles, what happens to...Ch. 8 - lculate the percent by mass of each element in the...Ch. 8 - Calculate the percent by mass of each element in...Ch. 8 - Calculate the percent by mass of the element...Ch. 8 - Calculate the percent by mass of the element...Ch. 8 - Calculate the percent by mass of the element...Ch. 8 - What is the mass percent of oxygen in each of the...Ch. 8 - For each of the following samples of ionic...Ch. 8 - For each of the following ionic substances,...Ch. 8 - What experimental evidence about a new compound...Ch. 8 - Explain lo a friend who has not yet taken a...Ch. 8 - Give the empirical formula that corresponds to...Ch. 8 - Which of the following pairs of compounds have the...Ch. 8 - A compound was analyzed and was found to contain...Ch. 8 - A compound was analyzed and was found to contain...Ch. 8 - A 0.59980-g sample of a new compound has been...Ch. 8 - A compound was analyzed and was found to contain...Ch. 8 - If a 1.271-g sample of aluminum metal is heated in...Ch. 8 - A compound was analyzed and was found to contain...Ch. 8 - When 3.269 g of zinc is heated in pure oxygen, the...Ch. 8 - If cobalt metal is mixed with excess sulfur and...Ch. 8 - If 1.25 g of aluminum metal is heated in an...Ch. 8 - If 2.50 g of aluminum metal is heated in a stream...Ch. 8 - A compound used ¡n the nuclear industry has the...Ch. 8 - A compound was analyzed and was found to contain...Ch. 8 - A compound has the following percentage...Ch. 8 - When lithium metal is heated strongly in an...Ch. 8 - A compound has been analyzed and has been found to...Ch. 8 - Tetraphenylporphyrin is a synthetic compound that...Ch. 8 - When 1.00 mg of lithium metal is reacted with...Ch. 8 - Phosphorus and chlorine form two binary compounds,...Ch. 8 - How does the molecular formula of a compound...Ch. 8 - What are the molecular and empirical formulas for...Ch. 8 - A binary compound of boron and hydrogen has the...Ch. 8 - A compound with empirical formula CH was found by...Ch. 8 - A compound with the empirical formula CH2 was...Ch. 8 - A compound with empirical formula C2H5O was found...Ch. 8 - A compound having an approximate molar mass of...Ch. 8 - A compound containing only sulfur and nitrogen is...Ch. 8 - Use the periodic table shown in Fig. 4.9 to...Ch. 8 - Complete the following table. l> Mass of Sample...Ch. 8 - Complete the following table. l> Mass of Sample...Ch. 8 - Consider a hypothetical compound composed of...Ch. 8 - A binary compound of magnesium and nitrogen is...Ch. 8 - When a 2.11 8-g sample of copper is heated in an...Ch. 8 - Hydrogen gas reacts with each of the halogen...Ch. 8 - Calculate the number of atoms of each element...Ch. 8 - Calculate the mass in grams of each of the...Ch. 8 - Calculate the mass of carbon in grams, the percent...Ch. 8 - Find the item in column 2 that best explains or...Ch. 8 - You have a sample of copper (Cu) and a sample of...Ch. 8 - Calculate the number of grams of cobalt that...Ch. 8 - A compound was analyzed and found to contain the...Ch. 8 - Calculate the number of grains of lithium that...Ch. 8 - Given that the molar mass of carbon tetrachloride,...Ch. 8 - Calculate the mass in grains of hydrogen present...Ch. 8 - f you have equal mole samples of NO2 and F2 ,...Ch. 8 - strikingly beautiful copper compound with the...Ch. 8 - certain transition metal ion (Mn+) forms a...Ch. 8 - he mass 1.661024 g is equivalent to 1 _________ .Ch. 8 - lthough exact isotopic masses are known with great...Ch. 8 - sing the average atomic masses given in Table 8.1,...Ch. 8 - f an average sodium atom weighs 22.99 amu, how...Ch. 8 - sing the average atomic masses given inside the...Ch. 8 - sing the average atomic masses given inside the...Ch. 8 - sing the average atomic masses given inside the...Ch. 8 - alculate the molar mass for each of the following...Ch. 8 - alculable the molar mass for each of the following...Ch. 8 - alculate the number of moles of the indicated...Ch. 8 - alculate the number of moles of the indicated...Ch. 8 - f you have equal-mole samples of each of the...Ch. 8 - alculate the mass in grams of each of the...Ch. 8 - alculate the number of molecules present in each...Ch. 8 - alculate the number of moles of hydrogen atoms...Ch. 8 - ow many anions are there in 5.00 g of calcium...Ch. 8 - alculate the percent by mass of the element...Ch. 8 - he percent by mass of nitrogen is 46.7% for a...Ch. 8 - 1.2569-g sample of a new compound has been...Ch. 8 - hat mass of sodium hydroxide has the same number...Ch. 8 - hen 2.004 g of calcium is heated in pure nitrogen...Ch. 8 - opical hydrocortisone is often used to treat a...Ch. 8 - hen 1.00 g of metallic chromium is heated with...Ch. 8 - hen barium metal is heated in chlorine gas, a...Ch. 8 - etermine the molar muss for the following...Ch. 8 - itamin B12 , cyancobalamin, is essential for human...Ch. 8 - alculate the number of moles for each compound in...Ch. 8 - . How many atoms of carbon are present in 1 .0 g...Ch. 8 - onsider samples of phosphine (PH3) , water (H2O) ....Ch. 8 - he chemical formula for aspirin is C9H8O4 . What...Ch. 8 - rrange the following substances in order of...Ch. 8 - compound with molar mass 180.1 g/mol has the...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions add
Which of the following is not one of the ways fats are useful in foods? Fats contribute to the taste and smell ...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

44. Name each alkane:

Chemistry In Focus

A uniform beam of length L and mass m shown in Figure P12.8 is inclined at an angle to the horizontal. Its upp...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)