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An example of the vertical-horizontal illusion is shown in the figure. Although the two lines are ex­actly the same length, the vertical line appears to be much longer. To examine the strength of this illusion, a researcher prepared an example in which both lines were exactly 10 inches long. The example was shown to individual participants who were told that the horizontal line was 10 inches long and then were asked to estimate the length of the vertical line. For a sample of n = 25 participants, the average estimate was M = 12.2 inches with a standard deviation of s = 1.00. a. Use a one-tailed hypothesis test with α = .01 to demonstrate that the individuals in the sample sig­nificantly overestimate the true length of the line. (Note: Accurate estimation would produce a mean of μ - 10 inches.) b. Calculate the estimated d and r 2 , the percentage of variance accounted for, to measure the size of this effect. c. Construct a 95% confidence interval for the popu­lation mean estimated length of the vertical line.

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Essentials of Statistics for the B...

8th Edition
Frederick J Gravetter + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133956570
BuyFind

Essentials of Statistics for the B...

8th Edition
Frederick J Gravetter + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133956570

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Chapter
Section
Chapter 9, Problem 20P
Textbook Problem

An example of the vertical-horizontal illusion is shown in the figure. Although the two lines are ex­actly the same length, the vertical line appears to be much longer. To examine the strength of this illusion, a researcher prepared an example in which both lines were exactly 10 inches long. The example was shown to individual participants who were told that the horizontal line was 10 inches long and then were asked to estimate the length of the vertical line. For a sample of n = 25 participants, the average estimate was M = 12.2 inches with a standard deviation of s = 1.00.

a. Use a one-tailed hypothesis test with α = .01 to demonstrate that the individuals in the sample sig­nificantly overestimate the true length of the line. (Note: Accurate estimation would produce a mean of μ - 10 inches.)

b. Calculate the estimated d and r2, the percentage of variance accounted for, to measure the size of this effect.

c. Construct a 95% confidence interval for the popu­lation mean estimated length of the vertical line.

Chapter 9, Problem 20P, An example of the vertical-horizontal illusion is shown in the figure. Although the two lines are

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