   # Specifications for lactated Ringer’s solution, which is used for intravenous (IV) injections, are as follows to reach 100. mL of solution: 285−315 mg Na + 14.1−17.3 mg K + 4.9−Q.O mg Ca 2+ 368−408 mg Cl − 231−261 mg lactate, C 3 H 5 O 3 − a. Specify the amount of NaCl, KCl, CaCl 2 · 2H 2 O, and NaC 3 H 5 O 3 needed to prepare 100. mL lactated Ringer’s solution. b. What is the range of the osmotic pressure of the solution at 37°C, given the preceding specifications? ### Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243

#### Solutions

Chapter
Section ### Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243
Chapter 10, Problem 108AE
Textbook Problem
1 views

## Specifications for lactated Ringer’s solution, which is used for intravenous (IV) injections, are as follows to reach 100. mL of solution:285−315 mg Na+14.1−17.3 mg K+4.9−Q.O mg Ca2+368−408 mg Cl−231−261 mg lactate, C3H5O3−a. Specify the amount of NaCl, KCl, CaCl2 · 2H2O, and NaC3H5O3 needed to prepare 100. mL lactated Ringer’s solution.b. What is the range of the osmotic pressure of the solution at 37°C, given the preceding specifications?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The amount of reagents required and range of osmotic pressure has to be calculated.

Concept Introduction: The mass of the compound is calculated by taking the products of molar mass of the compound to the given mass. The mass of compound can be given by,

Massofcompound(ingrams)=Molarmass(ing)×Givenmass(ing)

Colligative properties of a substance include the depression in the freezing point, elevation of boiling-point and osmotic pressure. These are dependant only on the number present and not based on the solute particles present in an ideal solution.

The osmotic pressure can be given by the equation,

Π=MRT

Here,Π=OsmoticpressureM=MolarityofsolutionR=GaslawconstantT=Temperature

### Explanation of Solution

Record the given info

Mass of Sodium = 285-315mg

Mass of Potassium = 14.1-17.3mg

Mass of Calcium =4.9-6.0mg

Mass of Chlorine =368-408mg

Mass of Lactate = 231-261mg

To calculate the mass of individual elements

Molar mass of Sodium lactate = 112.06mg

Molar mass of Lactate = 89.07mg

Molar mass of CaCl2.2H2O= 147.01mg

Molecular mass of Calcium = 40.08mg

Molar mass of KCl= 74.55mg

Molecular weight of Potassium = 39.10mg

Molar mass of NaCl = 58.44mg

Molecular mass of Sodium= 22.99mg

The average values for each ion are,

300.00mgNa+,15.7mgK+,5.45mgCa2+,388mgCl-and246mgLactate

The source of Lactate is NaC3H5O3

Mass of Lactate = 246mgC3H5O3-×112.06mgNaC3H5O389.07mgC3H5O3-=309.5mg

The source of Ca2+ is CaCl2.2H2O

Mass of CaCl2.2H2O= 5.45mgCa2+×147.01mgCaCl2.2H2O40.08mgCa2+=20mgCaCl2.2H2O

The source of K+ is KCl

Mass of KCl= 15.7mgK+×74.55mgKCl39.10mgK+=29.9mg

Mass of Cl- added = 20.0mgCaCl2.2H270.90mgCl-147.01mgCaCl2.2H2O=9.6mg

20.0mgCaCl2.2H2O=9.6mgCl-29.9mgKCl-15.7mgK+=14.2mgCl-601.2mgNaCl-236.5mgNa+=364.7mgCl-

Total Cl-          =388.5mg

Therefore,

305.9mg Sodium lactate, 20.0mgCaCl2.2H2O, 29

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