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StatisticsEssentials of Statistics for the Behavioral SciencesResearch has demonstrated that people tend to be attracted to others who are similar to themselves. One study demonstrated that individuals are disproportionately more likely to marry those with surnames that begin with the same letter as their own (Jones, Pelham. Carvallo, & Mirenberg, 2004). The researchers began by looking at marriage records and recording the surname for each groom and the maiden name of each bride. From these records it is possible to calculate the probability of randomly matching a bride and a groom whose last names begin with the same letter. Suppose that this probability is only 6.5%. Next, a sample of n = 200 married couples is selected and the number who shared the same last initial at the time they were married is counted. The resulting observed frequencies are as follows: Same Initial Different Initials l 19 181 200 Do these data indicate that the number of couples with the some last initial is significantly different than would be expected if couples w ere matched randomly? Test with α = .05.BuyFind*arrow_forward*

8th Edition

Frederick J Gravetter + 1 other

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781133956570

Chapter 15, Problem 5P

Textbook Problem

Research has demonstrated that people tend to be attracted to others who are similar to themselves. One study demonstrated that individuals are disproportionately more likely to marry those with surnames that begin with the same letter as their own (Jones, Pelham. Carvallo, & Mirenberg, 2004). The researchers began by looking at marriage records and recording the surname for each groom and the maiden name of each bride. From these records it is possible to calculate the probability of randomly matching a bride and a groom whose last names begin with the same letter. Suppose that this probability is only 6.5%. Next, a sample of *n =* 200 married couples is selected and the number who shared the same last initial at the time they were married is counted. The resulting observed frequencies are as follows:

Same Initial | Different Initials | l |

19 | 181 | 200 |

Do these data indicate that the number of couples with the some last initial is significantly different than would be expected if couples w ere matched randomly? Test with α = .05.

Essentials of Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences

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