   Chapter 16, Problem 5RQ

Chapter
Section
Textbook Problem

# What is the difference between the ion product, Q, and the solubility product, Ksp? What happens when Q > Ksp? Q < Ksp? Q = Ksp?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The difference between ion product Q and solubility product, Ksp is to be stated. The changes that take place when Q>Ksp,Q>Ksp and Q=Ksp are to be stated.

Concept introduction:

Solubility product, Ksp is defined as the product of the concentration of ions in a saturated solution where each ion is raised to the power of their coefficients. Ion product, Q is defined as the product of the concentration of ions in any solution where each ion is raised to the power of their coefficients.

Explanation

Explanation

To determine: The difference between ion product, Q and solubility product, Ksp ; the changes that takes place when Q>Ksp,Q>Ksp and Q=Ksp .

The common ion is defined as the ion present in water that is common to the ions present in the dissolved salt.

 Solubility product, Ksp Ion product, Q It is only applicable to saturated solution. It is applicable to all types of solutions such as saturated and unsaturated solution. The value of solubility product is constant at constant temperature. The value of ion product depends on concentration. It is defined as the concentration of ions in a saturated solution where each ion is raised to the power of their coefficients. It is defined as the concentration of ions in any solution where each ion is raised to the power of their coefficients.

If Ksp>Q , then no precipitate will form

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