menu
bartleby
search
close search
Hit Return to see all results
close solutoin list

Balance each of the following unbalanced equations; then calculate the standard potential, E °, and decide whether each is product favored at equilibrium as written. (All reactions are carried out in acid solution.) (a) Sn 2+ (aq) + Ag(s) → Sn(s) + Ag + (aq) (b) Al(s) + Sn 4+ (aq) → Sn 2+ (aq) +Al 3+ (aq) (c) ClO 3 − (aq) + Ce 3+ (aq) → Cl 2 (g) + Ce 4+ (aq) (d) Cu(s) + NO 3 − (aq) → Cu 2+ (aq) + NO(g)

BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

9th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781133949640
Chapter 19, Problem 19PS
Textbook Problem
1 views

Balance each of the following unbalanced equations; then calculate the standard potential, E°, and decide whether each is product favored at equilibrium as written. (All reactions are carried out in acid solution.)

  1. (a) Sn2+(aq) + Ag(s) → Sn(s) + Ag+(aq)
  2. (b) Al(s) + Sn4+(aq) → Sn2+(aq) +Al3+(aq)
  3. (c) ClO3(aq) + Ce3+(aq) → Cl2(g) + Ce4+(aq)
  4. (d) Cu(s) + NO3 (aq) → Cu2+(aq) + NO(g)

a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The Eo value of the given reaction has to be determined and has to decide whether it is a product favoured at equilibrium in the direction.

a) Sn2+(aq) + Ag(s) Sn(s)+Ag+(aq)b) Al(s) + Sn4+(aq) Sn2+(aq)+Al3+(aq)c)  ClO3-(aq) + Ce3+  Cl2(g)+Ce4+(aq)d) Cu(s) + NO3-(aq) Cu2+(aq)+NO(g)

Concept introduction:

Electrochemical cells:

In this type of cells, chemical energy is converted into electrical energy.

In all electrochemical cells, oxidation occurs at anode and reduction occurs at cathode.

An anode is indicated by negative sign and cathode is indicated by the positive sign.

Electrons flow in the external circuit from the anode to the cathode.

In the electrochemical cells two half cells are connected with salt bridge. It allows the cations and anions to move between the two half cells.

Under certain conditions a cell potential is measured it is called as standard potential (Ecello).

Standard potential (Ecello) can be calculated by the following formula.

Ecello=Ecathodeo-Eanodeo

The Ecello value is positive, the reaction is predicted to be product favoured at equilibrium.

The Ecello value is negative, the reaction is predicted to be reactant favoured at equilibrium.

Explanation of Solution

The given reaction is as follows.

Sn2+(aq) + Ag(s) Sn(s)+Ag+(aq)

Balance the each half reaction:

Sn2+(aq) + 2e- Sn(s)Ag(s)  Ag+(aq) + e-

Find the overall reaction.

Sn2+(aq) + 2e- Sn(s)2[Ag(s)  Ag+(aq) + e-]_________________________Sn2+

b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The Eo value of the given reaction has to be determined and has to decide whether it is a product favoured at equilibrium in the direction.

a) Sn2+(aq) + Ag(s) Sn(s)+Ag+(aq)b) Al(s) + Sn4+(aq) Sn2+(aq)+Al3+(aq)c)  ClO3-(aq) + Ce3+  Cl2(g)+Ce4+(aq)d) Cu(s) + NO3-(aq) Cu2+(aq)+NO(g)

Concept introduction:

Electrochemical cells:

In this type of cells, chemical energy is converted into electrical energy.

In all electrochemical cells, oxidation occurs at anode and reduction occurs at cathode.

An anode is indicated by negative sign and cathode is indicated by the positive sign.

Electrons flow in the external circuit from the anode to the cathode.

In the electrochemical cells two half cells are connected with salt bridge. It allows the cations and anions to move between the two half cells.

Under certain conditions a cell potential is measured it is called as standard potential (Ecello).

Standard potential (Ecello) can be calculated by the following formula.

Ecello=Ecathodeo-Eanodeo

The Ecello value is positive, the reaction is predicted to be product favoured at equilibrium.

The Ecello value is negative, the reaction is predicted to be reactant favoured at equilibrium.

c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The Eo value of the given reaction has to be determined and has to decide whether it is a product favoured at equilibrium in the direction.

a) Sn2+(aq) + Ag(s) Sn(s)+Ag+(aq)b) Al(s) + Sn4+(aq) Sn2+(aq)+Al3+(aq)c)  ClO3-(aq) + Ce3+  Cl2(g)+Ce4+(aq)d) Cu(s) + NO3-(aq) Cu2+(aq)+NO(g)

Concept introduction:

Electrochemical cells:

In this type of cells,  chemical energy is converted into electrical energy.

In all electrochemical cells, oxidation occurs at anode and reduction occurs at cathode.

An anode is indicated by negative sign and cathode is indicated by the positive sign.

Electrons flow in the external circuit from the anode to the cathode.

In the electrochemical cells two half cells are connected with salt bridge. It allows the cations and anions to move between the two half cells.

Under certain conditions a cell potential is measured it is called as standard potential (Ecello).

Standard potential (Ecello) can be calculated by the following formula.

Ecello=Ecathodeo-Eanodeo

The Ecello value is positive, the reaction is predicted to be product favoured at equilibrium.

The Ecello value is negative, the reaction is predicted to be reactant favoured at equilibrium.

d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The Eo value of the given reaction has to be determined and has to decide whether it is a product favoured at equilibrium in the direction.

a) Sn2+(aq) + Ag(s) Sn(s)+Ag+(aq)b) Al(s) + Sn4+(aq) Sn2+(aq)+Al3+(aq)c)  ClO3-(aq) + Ce3+  Cl2(g)+Ce4+(aq)d) Cu(s) + NO3-(aq) Cu2+(aq)+NO(g)

Concept introduction:

Electrochemical cells:

In this type of cells, chemical energy is converted into electrical energy.

In all electrochemical cells, oxidation occurs at anode and reduction occurs at cathode.

An anode is indicated by negative sign and cathode is indicated by the positive sign.

Electrons flow in the external circuit from the anode to the cathode.

In the electrochemical cells two half cells are connected with salt bridge. It allows the cations and anions to move between the two half cells.

Under certain conditions a cell potential is measured it is called as standard potential (Ecello).

Standard potential (Ecello) can be calculated by the following formula.

Ecello=Ecathodeo-Eanodeo

The Ecello value is positive, the reaction is predicted to be product favoured at equilibrium.

The Ecello value is negative, the reaction is predicted to be reactant favoured at equilibrium.

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 19 Solutions

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity
Show all chapter solutions
add
Ch. 19.3 - Which of the following statements is correct for...Ch. 19.3 - 2. You can determine if an automobile lead-based...Ch. 19.4 - (a) Rank the following metals in their ability to...Ch. 19.4 - The net reaction that occurs in a voltaic cell is...Ch. 19.4 - 2. Which metal in the following list is easiest to...Ch. 19.4 - Determine which of the following redox equations...Ch. 19.4 - A lithium ion battery produces a voltage of 3.6 V....Ch. 19.4 - Use the energy produced by the combustion of...Ch. 19.4 - What mass of lithium ion batteries would produce...Ch. 19.5 - A voltaic cell is set up with an aluminum...Ch. 19.5 - Check Your Understanding The half-cells Fe2+(aq,...Ch. 19.5 - 1. Calculate Ecell at 298 K for a cell involving...Ch. 19.6 - The following reaction has an E value of 0.76 V:...Ch. 19.6 - Calculate the equilibrium constant at 25 C for the...Ch. 19.6 - 1. In Appendix M, the following standard reduction...Ch. 19.7 - Predict the chemical reactions that will occur at...Ch. 19.7 - You have a solution containing several metal ions,...Ch. 19.8 - 1. Calculate the mass of O2 produced in the...Ch. 19.8 - 1. If you wish to convert 0.0100 mol of Au3+ (aq)...Ch. 19.8 - If an electrically insulating material, such as...Ch. 19.8 - Use standard reduction potentials to determine...Ch. 19.8 - Use standard reduction potentials to determine...Ch. 19.8 - The overall reaction for the production of Cu(OH)2...Ch. 19.8 - Assume the following electrochemical cell...Ch. 19 - Write balanced equations for the following...Ch. 19 - Write balanced equations for the following...Ch. 19 - Balance the following redox equations. All occur...Ch. 19 - Balance the following redox equations. All occur...Ch. 19 - Balance the following redox equations. All occur...Ch. 19 - Balance the following redox equations. All occur...Ch. 19 - A voltaic cell is constructed using the reaction...Ch. 19 - A voltaic cell is constructed using the reaction...Ch. 19 - The half-cells Fe2+(aq) | Fe(s) and O2(g) | H2O...Ch. 19 - The half cells Sn2+(aq) |Sn(s) and Cl2(g) |Cl(aq)...Ch. 19 - For each of the following electrochemical cells,...Ch. 19 - For each of the following electrochemical cells,...Ch. 19 - Use cell notation to depict an electrochemical...Ch. 19 - Use cell notation to depict an electrochemical...Ch. 19 - What are the similarities and differences between...Ch. 19 - What reactions occur when a lead storage battery...Ch. 19 - Calculate the value of E for each of the following...Ch. 19 - Calculate the value of E for each of the following...Ch. 19 - Balance each of the following unbalanced...Ch. 19 - Balance each of the following unbalanced...Ch. 19 - Consider the following half-reactions: (a) Based...Ch. 19 - Consider the following half-reactions: (a)...Ch. 19 - Which of the following elements is the best...Ch. 19 - From the following list, identify those elements...Ch. 19 - Which of the following ions is most easily...Ch. 19 - From the following list, identify the ions that...Ch. 19 - (a) Which halogen is most easily reduced in acidic...Ch. 19 - (a) Which ion is most easily oxidized to the...Ch. 19 - Calculate the potential delivered by a voltaic...Ch. 19 - Calculate the potential developed by a voltaic...Ch. 19 - One half-cell in a voltaic cell is constructed...Ch. 19 - One half-cell in a voltaic cell is constructed...Ch. 19 - One half-cell in a voltaic cell is constructed...Ch. 19 - One half-cell in a voltaic cell is constructed...Ch. 19 - Calculate rG and the equilibrium constant for the...Ch. 19 - Calculate rG and the equilibrium constant for the...Ch. 19 - Use standard reduction potentials (Appendix M) for...Ch. 19 - Use the standard reduction potentials (Appendix M)...Ch. 19 - Use the standard reduction potentials (Appendix M)...Ch. 19 - Use the standard reduction potentials (Appendix M)...Ch. 19 - Diagram the apparatus used to electrolyze molten...Ch. 19 - Diagram the apparatus used to electrolyze aqueous...Ch. 19 - Which product, O2 or F2, is more likely to form at...Ch. 19 - Which product, Ca or H2, is more likely to form at...Ch. 19 - An aqueous solution of KBr is placed in a beaker...Ch. 19 - An aqueous solution of Na2S is placed in a beaker...Ch. 19 - In the electrolysis of a solution containing...Ch. 19 - In the electrolysis of a solution containing...Ch. 19 - Electrolysis of a solution of CuSO4(aq) to give...Ch. 19 - Electrolysis of a solution of Zn(NO3)2(aq) to give...Ch. 19 - A voltaic cell can be built using the reaction...Ch. 19 - Assume the specifications of a Ni-Cd voltaic cell...Ch. 19 - Write balanced equations for the following...Ch. 19 - Balance the following equations. (a) Zn(s) +...Ch. 19 - Magnesium metal is oxidized, and silver ions are...Ch. 19 - You want to set up a series of voltaic cells with...Ch. 19 - You want to set up a series of voltaic cells with...Ch. 19 - Which of the following reactions is (arc) product...Ch. 19 - In the table of standard reduction potentials,...Ch. 19 - In the table of standard reduction potentials,...Ch. 19 - Four voltaic cells are set up. In each, one...Ch. 19 - The following half-cells are available: (i)...Ch. 19 - The reaction occurring in the cell in which Al2O3...Ch. 19 - A cell is constructed using the following...Ch. 19 - A potential of 0.142 V is recorded (under standard...Ch. 19 - What is the value of E for the following...Ch. 19 - The standard potential, E, for the reaction of...Ch. 19 - An electrolysis cell for aluminum production...Ch. 19 - Electrolysis of molten NaCl is done in cells...Ch. 19 - A current of 0.0100 A is passed through a solution...Ch. 19 - A current of 0.44 A is passed through a solution...Ch. 19 - The total charge that ran he delivered by a large...Ch. 19 - Chlorine gas is obtained commercially by...Ch. 19 - Write equations for the half-reactions that occur...Ch. 19 - The products formed in the electrolysis of aqueous...Ch. 19 - Predict the products formed in the electrolysis of...Ch. 19 - In the electrolysis of HNO3(aq), hydrogen is...Ch. 19 - The metallurgy of aluminum involves electrolysis...Ch. 19 - Two half-cells, Pt | Fe3+(aq. 0.50 M), Fe2+(aq,...Ch. 19 - A voltaic cell is set up utilizing the reaction...Ch. 19 - Calculate the cell potential for the following...Ch. 19 - A voltaic cell set up utilizing the reaction Cu(s)...Ch. 19 - Two Ag+(aq) | Ag(s) half-cells are constructed....Ch. 19 - Calculate equilibrium constants for the following...Ch. 19 - Calculate equilibrium constants for the following...Ch. 19 - Use the table of standard reduction potentials...Ch. 19 - Use the table of standard reduction potentials...Ch. 19 - Write balanced equations for the following...Ch. 19 - Balance the following equations involving organic...Ch. 19 - A voltaic cell is constructed in which one...Ch. 19 - An expensive but lighter alternative to the lead...Ch. 19 - The specifications for a lead storage battery...Ch. 19 - Manganese may play an important role in chemical...Ch. 19 - You want to use electrolysis to plate a...Ch. 19 - Iron(II) ion undergoes a disproportionation...Ch. 19 - Copper(I) ion disproportionates to copper metal...Ch. 19 - The simplest way to write the reaction for...Ch. 19 - A lithium-ion camera battery is rated at 7500 mAh....Ch. 19 - Consider an electrochemical cell based on the...Ch. 19 - An old method of measuring the current flowing in...Ch. 19 - A silver coulometer (Study Question 106) was used...Ch. 19 - Four metals, A, B, C, and D, exhibit the following...Ch. 19 - A solution of KI is added dropwise to a pale blue...Ch. 19 - The amount of oxygen, O2, dissolved in a water...Ch. 19 - Fluorinated organic compounds are used as...Ch. 19 - The free energy change for a reaction, rG, is the...Ch. 19 - A hydrogen-oxygen fuel cell operates on the simple...Ch. 19 - (a) Is it easier to reduce water in acid or base?...Ch. 19 - Living organisms derive energy from the oxidation...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions add
Fat-soluble vitamins are mostly absorbed into a. the lymph. b. the blood. c. the extracellular fluid. d. b and ...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

How can errors in the cell cycle lead to cancer in humans?

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

Review. Two constant forces act on an object of mass m = 5.00 kg moving in the xy plane as shown in Figure P7.4...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)

How is seawaters salinity expressed?

Oceanography: An Invitation To Marine Science, Loose-leaf Versin