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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Indicate whether or not each of the following is a general physical property of aromatic hydrocarbons.

  1. a. soluble in water
  2. b. less dense than water
  3. c. good solvent for nonpolar substances
  4. d. all solids at room temperatures

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given statement concerning aromatic hydrocarbon are soluble in water has to be identified as true or false.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula. Each and every compound has its own molecular formula. Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Aromatic hydrocarbons are cyclic chain unsaturated hydrocarbons. They are nonpolar molecules. Water is a polar molecule. Therefore, aromatic hydrocarbons do not get solubilized in water. In other words, aromatic hydrocarbons are insoluble in water.

Regarding density, aromatic hydrocarbons have density lower than water. When aromatic hydrocarbons are mixed with water, two layers are formed which is a result of insolubility. Aromatic hydrocarbonds are present on top of water layer which is due to lesser density.

Aromatic hydrocarbons have more boiling point compared to noncyclic alkenes with the same number of carbon atoms. This is due to the more rigid and more symmetrical structures that occur in cyclic systems. Benzene is the lowest aromatic hydrocarbon that has physical state as liquid at room temperature.

Explanation

Aromatic hydrocarbons are nonpolar molecules. Water is a polar molecule. Therefore, these two are immiscible. Like dissolves like is the principle, which tells that nonpolar molecules gets solubilized in nonpolar solvent...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given statement concerning aromatic hydrocarbon has to be identified as true or false.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula. Each and every compound has its own molecular formula. Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Aromatic hydrocarbons are cyclic chain unsaturated hydrocarbons. They are nonpolar molecules. Water is a polar molecule. Therefore, aromatic hydrocarbons do not get solubilized in water. In other words, aromatic hydrocarbons are insoluble in water.

Regarding density, aromatic hydrocarbons have density lower than water. When aromatic hydrocarbons are mixed with water, two layers are formed which is a result of insolubility. Aromatic hydrocarbonds are present on top of water layer which is due to lesser density.

Aromatic hydrocarbons have more boiling point compared to noncyclic alkenes with the same number of carbon atoms. This is due to the more rigid and more symmetrical structures that occur in cyclic systems. Benzene is the lowest aromatic hydrocarbon that has physical state as liquid at room temperature.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given statement concerning aromatic hydrocarbon has to be identified as true or false.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula. Each and every compound has its own molecular formula. Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Aromatic hydrocarbons are cyclic chain unsaturated hydrocarbons. They are nonpolar molecules. Water is a polar molecule. Therefore, aromatic hydrocarbons do not get solubilized in water. In other words, aromatic hydrocarbons are insoluble in water.

Regarding density, aromatic hydrocarbons have density lower than water. When aromatic hydrocarbons are mixed with water, two layers are formed which is a result of insolubility. Aromatic hydrocarbonds are present on top of water layer which is due to lesser density.

Aromatic hydrocarbons have more boiling point compared to noncyclic alkenes with the same number of carbon atoms. This is due to the more rigid and more symmetrical structures that occur in cyclic systems. Benzene is the lowest aromatic hydrocarbon that has physical state as liquid at room temperature.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given statement concerning aromatic hydrocarbon has to be identified as true or false.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula. Each and every compound has its own molecular formula. Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Aromatic hydrocarbons are cyclic chain unsaturated hydrocarbons. They are nonpolar molecules. Water is a polar molecule. Therefore, aromatic hydrocarbons do not get solubilized in water. In other words, aromatic hydrocarbons are insoluble in water.

Regarding density, aromatic hydrocarbons have density lower than water. When aromatic hydrocarbons are mixed with water, two layers are formed which is a result of insolubility. Aromatic hydrocarbonds are present on top of water layer which is due to lesser density.

Aromatic hydrocarbons have more boiling point compared to noncyclic alkenes with the same number of carbon atoms. This is due to the more rigid and more symmetrical structures that occur in cyclic systems. Benzene is the lowest aromatic hydrocarbon that has physical state as liquid at room temperature.

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