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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

For each of the following classes of compounds, indicate whether addition or substitution is the most characteristic reaction.

  1. a. alkanes
  2. b. dienes
  3. c. alkylbenzenes
  4. d. cycloalkenes

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Alkanes are more susceptible for addition reaction or substitution reaction has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula. Each and every compound has its own molecular formula. Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Alkanes are hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds between the carbon atoms. Therefore, there is no possibility of addition reaction. Alkanes undergo only substitution reactions. Alkenes and cycloalkenes are hydrocarbons that contain at least one double bond in its structure. Addition reaction can take place across the double bond. Aromatic compounds undergo substitution reactions rather than addition reactions even though they contain double bonds. This is because the double bonds are involved in delocalization.

Explanation

Alkanes are saturated hydrocarbons. They do not contain any double or trip...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Dienes are more susceptible for addition reaction or substitution reaction has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula. Each and every compound has its own molecular formula. Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Alkanes are hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds between the carbon atoms. Therefore, there is no possibility of addition reaction. Alkanes undergo only substitution reactions. Alkenes and cycloalkenes are hydrocarbons that contain at least one double bond in its structure. Addition reaction can take place across the double bond. Aromatic compounds undergo substitution reactions rather than addition reactions even though they contain double bonds. This is because the double bonds are involved in delocalization.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Alkylbenzenes are more susceptible for addition reaction or substitution reaction has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula. Each and every compound has its own molecular formula. Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Alkanes are hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds between the carbon atoms. Therefore, there is no possibility of addition reaction. Alkanes undergo only substitution reactions. Alkenes and cycloalkenes are hydrocarbons that contain at least one double bond in its structure. Addition reaction can take place across the double bond. Aromatic compounds undergo substitution reactions rather than addition reactions even though they contain double bonds. This is because the double bonds are involved in delocalization.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Cycloalkenes are more susceptible for addition reaction or substitution reaction has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are represented shortly by the molecular formula and structural formula. Each and every compound has its own molecular formula. Compounds can have same molecular formula but not same structural formula.

Alkanes are hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds between the carbon atoms. Therefore, there is no possibility of addition reaction. Alkanes undergo only substitution reactions. Alkenes and cycloalkenes are hydrocarbons that contain at least one double bond in its structure. Addition reaction can take place across the double bond. Aromatic compounds undergo substitution reactions rather than addition reactions even though they contain double bonds. This is because the double bonds are involved in delocalization.

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