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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Indicate whether each of the following molecular formulas for hydrocarbons is that for an alkene with one double bond or a cycloalkene with one double bond?

  1. a. C4H8
  2. b. C5H8
  3. c. C6H10
  4. d. C5H10

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given molecular formula belongs to alkene with one double bond, or a cycloalkene with one double bond has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Hydrocarbons are the organic compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon atoms.  Hydrocarbon derivatives are the one in which the compounds contain hydrogen and carbon atoms along with one or more additional elements.  The additional elements that can be present in hydrocarbon derivatives are oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur, chlorine, bromine etc.

Hydrocarbons are further classified into two categories.  They are saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons.  The hydrocarbons that contain single bonds between carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as saturated hydrocarbon.  The hydrocarbons that contain atleast one double or triple bond between two carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as unsaturated hydrocarbon.

Saturated hydrocarbons are alkanes.  Unsaturated hydrocarbons are alkene, alkyne and aromatic hydrocarbons.

Alkane has general molecular formula as CnH2n+2.  Alkene in which one double is present has general molecular formula as CnH2n.  Alkyne in which one triple bond is present has the general molecular formula as CnH2n-2.  Cycloalkanes have the general molecular formula as CnH2n.  Cycloalkenes in which one double bond is present have the general molecular formula as CnH2n-2.

Explanation

Given molecular formula is C4H8.  Considering the general molecular formula the value of “n” is 4.  The total number of hydrogen atoms present in the given molecular formula is 8.  This is twice the number of carbon atoms

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given molecular formula belongs to alkene with one double bond, or a cycloalkene with one double bond has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Hydrocarbons are the organic compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon atoms.  Hydrocarbon derivatives are the one in which the compounds contain hydrogen and carbon atoms along with one or more additional elements.  The additional elements that can be present in hydrocarbon derivatives are oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur, chlorine, bromine etc.

Hydrocarbons are further classified into two categories.  They are saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons.  The hydrocarbons that contain single bonds between carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as saturated hydrocarbon.  The hydrocarbons that contain atleast one double or triple bond between two carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as unsaturated hydrocarbon.

Saturated hydrocarbons are alkanes.  Unsaturated hydrocarbons are alkene, alkyne and aromatic hydrocarbons.

Alkane has general molecular formula as CnH2n+2.  Alkene in which one double is present has general molecular formula as CnH2n.  Alkyne in which one triple bond is present has the general molecular formula as CnH2n-2.  Cycloalkanes have the general molecular formula as CnH2n.  Cycloalkenes in which one double bond is present have the general molecular formula as CnH2n-2.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given molecular formula belongs to alkene with one double bond, or a cycloalkene with one double bond has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Hydrocarbons are the organic compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon atoms.  Hydrocarbon derivatives are the one in which the compounds contain hydrogen and carbon atoms along with one or more additional elements.  The additional elements that can be present in hydrocarbon derivatives are oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur, chlorine, bromine etc.

Hydrocarbons are further classified into two categories.  They are saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons.  The hydrocarbons that contain single bonds between carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as saturated hydrocarbon.  The hydrocarbons that contain atleast one double or triple bond between two carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as unsaturated hydrocarbon.

Saturated hydrocarbons are alkanes.  Unsaturated hydrocarbons are alkene, alkyne and aromatic hydrocarbons.

Alkane has general molecular formula as CnH2n+2.  Alkene in which one double is present has general molecular formula as CnH2n.  Alkyne in which one triple bond is present has the general molecular formula as CnH2n-2.  Cycloalkanes have the general molecular formula as CnH2n.  Cycloalkenes in which one double bond is present have the general molecular formula as CnH2n-2.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given molecular formula belongs to alkene with one double bond, or a cycloalkene with one double bond has to be indicated.

Concept Introduction:

Hydrocarbons are the organic compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon atoms.  Hydrocarbon derivatives are the one in which the compounds contain hydrogen and carbon atoms along with one or more additional elements.  The additional elements that can be present in hydrocarbon derivatives are oxygen, nitrogen, sulphur, chlorine, bromine etc.

Hydrocarbons are further classified into two categories.  They are saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons.  The hydrocarbons that contain single bonds between carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as saturated hydrocarbon.  The hydrocarbons that contain atleast one double or triple bond between two carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as unsaturated hydrocarbon.

Saturated hydrocarbons are alkanes.  Unsaturated hydrocarbons are alkene, alkyne and aromatic hydrocarbons.

Alkane has general molecular formula as CnH2n+2.  Alkene in which one double is present has general molecular formula as CnH2n.  Alkyne in which one triple bond is present has the general molecular formula as CnH2n-2.  Cycloalkanes have the general molecular formula as CnH2n.  Cycloalkenes in which one double bond is present have the general molecular formula as CnH2n-2.

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