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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

Draw Lewis structures for the AsCl4+ and AsCl6 ions. What type of reaction (acid-base, oxidation-reduction, or the like) is the following?

2AsCl 5 ( g ) AsCl 4 AsCl 6 ( s )

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The Lewis structures of the given ions are to be identified. Also the given reaction is to be categorized from acid-base and oxidation-reduction reaction.

Concept introduction: The Lewis structure represents all bonding and non-bonding electrons surrounding the atoms involved in a molecule. Redox reaction is the reaction in which the simultaneous oxidation and reduction reaction takes place in the same reaction.

To determine: The Lewis structure of AsCl4+ and AsCl6 ions and the category of the reaction from acid-base and oxidation-reduction reaction.

Explanation

The atomic number of As is 33 .

The electronic configuration of As is,

[Ar]3d104s24p3

The number of valence electrons of As is 5 .

The atomic number of Cl is 17 .

The electronic configuration of Cl is,

[Ne]3s23p5

The number of valence electrons of Cl is 7 .

The total number of valence electrons of AsCl4+ is,

5+4×71=32

Therefore, the Lewis structure of AsCl4+ is,

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