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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following substituted ethene-based addition polymers contains the element fluorine?

  1. a. PVC
  2. b. polystyrene
  3. c. Teflon
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Among the given substituted ethene-based addition polymer, the one which contains element fluorine has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Polymer is a very large molecule that is formed by repetitive bonding together of many smaller molecules. The small repeating units are known as monomer. Polymerization is the process by which polymer is prepared.

Addition polymer is the one in which the monomers simply add together with no other products formed apart from the polymer. The repeating unit in addition polymer often exceeds 100,000 and sometimes can exceed even a million.

When an unsaturated hydrocarbon undergoes polymerization, the product formed will have only carbon and hydrogen atoms in its structure. When an unsaturated hydrocarbon derivative undergoes polymerization, the product formed will have other atoms also along with carbon and hydrogen in it.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Teflon is a polymer formed by polymerization of tetrafluoroethene. The structure of Teflon can be given as shown below,

From the above structure, it is seen that Teflon contains the element fluorine. Therefore, the correct option is option (c).

Reason for incorrect option:

Polyvinyl chloride is a polymer of vinyl chloride. The structure of polyvinyl chloride can be given as,

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