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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following ketones.

Chapter 4, Problem 4.33EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following ketones. , example  1

Chapter 4, Problem 4.33EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following ketones. , example  2

Chapter 4, Problem 4.33EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following ketones. , example  3

Chapter 4, Problem 4.33EP, Assign an IUPAC name to each of the following ketones. , example  4

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

For the given ketone IUPAC name has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

For naming a ketone in IUPAC nomenclature, the suffix “-one” is added to the parent alkane name.

IUPAC rules for naming a ketone:

  • • The longest parent carbon chain is identified that includes the carbonyl group.
  • • The parent chain name is changed by replacing the suffix “-e” with “-one”.
  • • Numbering is done in a way that the carbonyl group gets the least numbering.  The position of the carbonyl group is indicated in the name.
  • • The identity and location of substituents if any has to be determined and this information has to be added in front of the IUPAC name.
  • • Cyclic ketones are named by adding the suffix “-one” to the name of the carbon ring.  The substituents are numbered so that it gets the least numbering starting from the carbonyl group that is given the number 1.

In a line-angle structural formula, carbon atom is present in the point where the lines intersect and the end point.

Explanation

Given structure of ketone is,

The longest continuous carbon chain has to be found out with the carbonyl group in it.  In this it is a six carbon chain.  Hence, the parent alkane is hexane.  The ketone is named by replacing the suffix “-e” in the alkane name with “-one”.  This gives the name of ketone as hexanone.  The carbonyl carbon is the second carbon...

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

For the given ketone IUPAC name has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

For naming a ketone in IUPAC nomenclature, the suffix “-one” is added to the parent alkane name.

IUPAC rules for naming a ketone:

  • • The longest parent carbon chain is identified that includes the carbonyl group.
  • • The parent chain name is changed by replacing the suffix “-e” with “-one”.
  • • Numbering is done in a way that the carbonyl group gets the least numbering.  The position of the carbonyl group is indicated in the name.
  • • The identity and location of substituents if any has to be determined and this information has to be added in front of the IUPAC name.
  • • Cyclic ketones are named by adding the suffix “-one” to the name of the carbon ring.  The substituents are numbered so that it gets the least numbering starting from the carbonyl group that is given the number 1.

In a line-angle structural formula, carbon atom is present in the point where the lines intersect and the end point.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

For the given ketone IUPAC name has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

For naming a ketone in IUPAC nomenclature, the suffix “-one” is added to the parent alkane name.

IUPAC rules for naming a ketone:

  • • The longest parent carbon chain is identified that includes the carbonyl group.
  • • The parent chain name is changed by replacing the suffix “-e” with “-one”.
  • • Numbering is done in a way that the carbonyl group gets the least numbering.  The position of the carbonyl group is indicated in the name.
  • • The identity and location of substituents if any has to be determined and this information has to be added in front of the IUPAC name.
  • • Cyclic ketones are named by adding the suffix “-one” to the name of the carbon ring.  The substituents are numbered so that it gets the least numbering starting from the carbonyl group that is given the number 1.

In a line-angle structural formula, carbon atom is present in the point where the lines intersect and the end point.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

For the given ketone IUPAC name has to be assigned.

Concept Introduction:

For naming a ketone in IUPAC nomenclature, the suffix “-one” is added to the parent alkane name.

IUPAC rules for naming a ketone:

  • • The longest parent carbon chain is identified that includes the carbonyl group.
  • • The parent chain name is changed by replacing the suffix “-e” with “-one”.
  • • Numbering is done in a way that the carbonyl group gets the least numbering.  The position of the carbonyl group is indicated in the name.
  • • The identity and location of substituents if any has to be determined and this information has to be added in front of the IUPAC name.
  • • Cyclic ketones are named by adding the suffix “-one” to the name of the carbon ring.  The substituents are numbered so that it gets the least numbering starting from the carbonyl group that is given the number 1.

In a line-angle structural formula, carbon atom is present in the point where the lines intersect and the end point.

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