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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

The arrangement of bonds about the carbon atom of a carbonyl group is

  1. a. tetrahedral
  2. b. trigonal planar
  3. c. trigonal pyramid
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The arrangement of bonds about the carbon atom of carbonyl group is in which geometry has to be identified from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl groups are the one which contain a double bond between carbon and oxygen atom.  Aldehydes and ketones possess this carbonyl functional group in it.  The structural representation of a carbonyl group can be given as shown below,

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 4.1, Problem 2QQ

The arrangement of atoms around the carbon atom in a carbonyl group is a trigonal planar arrangement.  The bond angle that have less strain between the other bonds is 120°.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Carbonyl group contains a carbon atom and an oxygen atom.  The bond between carbon and oxygen in a carbonyl group is a double bond.  The carbonyl group can be represented as shown below,

In order to have the least strain between the bonds, the bond angle about the carbon atom is found to be 120°.  The arrangement of bonds about the carbon atom of a carbonyl group is a trigonal planar structure.  This is shown as given below,

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