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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

A general method for the preparation of aldehydes, using a mild oxidizing agent, is oxidation of which of the following?

  1. a. 1° alcohol
  2. b. 2° alcohol
  3. c. 3° alcohol
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Oxidation of which alcohol with mild oxidizing agent gives aldehyde has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Carbonyl compounds such as aldehydes and ketones can be synthesized by oxidation or reduction reaction.  When a primary alcohol undergoes oxidation reaction, the product obtained is carboxylic acid that is formed through the intermediate aldehyde.  When mild oxidizing agent is used, aldehyde can be obtained as product from primary alcohol.  When a secondary alcohol undergoes oxidation reaction, the product obtained is a ketone.  This cannot be further oxidized.  Tertiary alcohols do not undergo oxidation reaction.  Some of the mild oxidizing agents used are KMnO4 or K2Cr2O7.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Aldehyde is prepared from primary alcohol using a mild oxidizing agent.  The final product in oxidation reaction of primary alcohol is carboxylic acid only.  Aldehyde is an intermediate product.  Therefore, use of mild oxidizing agent results in formation of aldehyde from primary alcohol.

Therefore, the correct option is option (a).

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (b) tells that the oxidation of secondary alcohol gives aldehyde as the product...

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