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Organic Chemistry

8th Edition
William H. Brown + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305580350

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic Chemistry

8th Edition
William H. Brown + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305580350
Chapter 8, Problem 8.14P
Textbook Problem
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Which compounds can be prepared in high yield by halogenation of an alkane?

  1. (a) 2-Chloropentane
  2. (b) Chlorocyclopentane
  3. (c) 2-Bromo-2-methylheptane
  4. (d) (R)-2-Bromo-3-methylbutane
  5. (e) 2-Bromo-2,4-trimethylpentane
  6. (f) Iodoethane

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Among the given compounds, the compounds that can be prepared in high yield by halogenation of an alkane has to be given.

The given compounds are

2-chloropentane

Chlorocyclopentane

2-bromo-2-methylheptane

(R)-2-bromo-3-methylbutane

2-bromo-2,4-trimethylpentane

Iodoethane

Concept Introduction:

Halogenation:

Addition of halogens to the molecules by replacing the hydrogen is said to be halogenation.

Explanation of Solution

The structures of given compounds are

(a)2-chloropentane:

(b)Chlorocyclopentane:

(c)2-bromo-2-methylheptane:

(d)(R)-2-bromo-3-methylbutane:

(e)2-bromo-2,4-trimethylpentane:

The structure for 2-bromo-2,4-trimethylpentane is not possible.  Considering the name as 2-bromo-2,4-dimethylpentane, the structure is given.

(f)Iodoethane:

The compounds b, c and e are formed in the high yields on halogenation of alkanes...

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Chapter 8 Solutions

Organic Chemistry
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