Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Binder Ready Version
Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Binder Ready Version
4th Edition
ISBN: 9781118431221
Author: Richard M. Felder, Ronald W. Rousseau, Lisa G. Bullard
Publisher: WILEY


Textbook Question
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Chapter 8, Problem 8.78P

A liquid mixture of benzene and toluene containing 50.0 wt% benzene at 100°C and pressure Pois fed at a rate of 32.5 m3/h into a heated flash tank maintained at a pressure P tan k P 0 . When the feed is exposed to the reduced pressure in this unit, a portion of it evaporates. The liquid and vapor product streams are in equilibrium at 75°C and P tan k . The liquid product contains 43.9 mole% benzene. When carrying out the requested calculations, assume volume additivity of liquid benzene and toluene, use Raoult’s law and the Antoine equation where necessary, and neglect the effect of pressure on enthalpy.

  1. Calculate the molar flow rate (mol/s) and molar composition (component mole fractions) of the feed stream. Then calculate the minimum value of Po(atm) needed to keep the feed stream in the liquid state until it enters the flash tank.
  2. Calculate P tan k (atm), the mole fraction of benzene in the vapor, and the molar flow rates of the liquid and vapor products.

  • Calculate the required heat input rate in kilowatts.
  • An hour after the system is started up, a chromatographic analysis of the vapor product is run and the benzene mole traction is found to be 3% higher than the value calculated in Part (b). The system temperature and pressure are rechecked and found to have the correct values. Give several possible explanations of the discrepancy between the calculated and measured values.
  • Briefly explain why the product temperature is lower than the feed temperature. What would be required to run the unit isothermally?
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    Chapter 8 Solutions

    Elementary Principles of Chemical Processes, Binder Ready Version

    Ch. 8 - Chlorine gas is to be heated front 120°C and 1 atm...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.12PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.13PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.14PCh. 8 - Use the enthalpy function of APEx to calculate...Ch. 8 - A stream of carbon monoxide flowing at 300 kg/min...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.17PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.18PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.19PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.20PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.21PCh. 8 - Calculate the heat transfer (kJ) required to cool...Ch. 8 - Twenty liters of liquid n-propyl benzoate...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.24PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.25PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.26PCh. 8 - A fuel gas containing 95 mole% methane and the...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.28PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.29PCh. 8 - Ever wonder why espresso costs much more per cup...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.31PCh. 8 - Saturated steam at 300°C is used to heat a...Ch. 8 - Pure ethane is burned completely with preheated...Ch. 8 - An adiabatic membrane separation unit is used to...Ch. 8 - A gas containing water vapor has a dry-basis...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.36PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.37PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.38PCh. 8 - In the manufacture of nitric acid, ammonia and...Ch. 8 - A natural gas containing 95 mole% methane and the...Ch. 8 - The heat capacity at constant pressure of a gas is...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.42PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.43PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.44PCh. 8 - Calculate the heat of vaporization of water...Ch. 8 - Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) is a polymer product...Ch. 8 - Benzene vapor at 480°C is cooled and converted to...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.48PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.49PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.50PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.51PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.52PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.53PCh. 8 - A stream of pure cyclopentane vapor flowing at a...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.55PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.57PCh. 8 - A gas stream containing n-hexane in nitrogen with...Ch. 8 - A mixture of n-hexane vapor and air leaves a...Ch. 8 - An equimolar liquid mixture of n-pentane and...Ch. 8 - A liquid stream containing 50.0 mole% benzene and...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.63PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.64PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.65PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.66PCh. 8 - An aqueous slurry at 30°C containing 20.0 wt%...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.68PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.69PCh. 8 - A liquid is placed in a wcll-insulatcd container,...Ch. 8 - A small pharmaceutical firm plans to manufacture a...Ch. 8 - Freeze drying is a technique for dehydrating...Ch. 8 - The manufacturers of a new oatmeal product want to...Ch. 8 - Freeze concentration is used to produce a...Ch. 8 - A mixture containing 35.0 mole% n-butane and the...Ch. 8 - A liquid mixture of benzene and toluene containing...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.79PCh. 8 - An outside-air sample is taken on a day when the...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.83PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.84PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.85PCh. 8 - Wet solids pass through a continuous dryer. Hot...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.88PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.93PCh. 8 - The heat of solution of ammonia in water at 1 atm...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.96PCh. 8 - Sodium hydroxide is dissolved in enough water to...Ch. 8 - A sulfuric acid solution is labeled 8 N (where 1 N...Ch. 8 - You are about to dilute 2.00 mol of 100% sulfuric...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.100PCh. 8 - A 0.1 mole% caustic soda (NaOH) solution is to be...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.102PCh. 8 - Ortho-phosphoric acid (H3PO4) is produced as a...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.104PCh. 8 - Fifty milliliters of 100% H2SO4 at 25°C and 84.2...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.106PCh. 8 - One g-mole of pure liquid sulfuric acid at...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.108PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.110PCh. 8 - Prob. 8.111PCh. 8 - Taking as references pure liquid sulfuric acid at...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.113PCh. 8 - An NH3-H2O mixture containing 60wt% NH3 is brought...Ch. 8 - Prob. 8.115P

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