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General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343

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BuyFindarrow_forward

General Chemistry - Standalone boo...

11th Edition
Steven D. Gammon + 7 others
ISBN: 9781305580343
Textbook Problem

Acetic acid has the structure CH3CO(OH), in which the OH group is bonded to a C atom. The two carbon–oxygen bonds have different lengths. When an acetic acid molecule loses the H from the OH group to form the acetate ion, the two carbon–oxygen bonds become equal in length. Explain.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The two Carbon-Oxygen bonds become equal in length after loss of hydrogen from hydroxyl group of acetic acid has to be explained.

Concept introduction:

Resonance:

The electron structure of a given molecule contains delocalized bonding via possible structure of all electron-dot formulas is known as resonance description.

One form of resonance stable structure is converted into other forms.  It possible in both single and multiple bonds molecule.  The electron-dot formulas differing only in the placement of single and double bonds.

Explanation

The resonance description for Acetic acid

The resonance description formula can be given below

The resonance structure is

According to resonance concept Carbonyl double bond is involved resonance in the acetate ion...

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