Science

ChemistryPrinciples of Instrumental Analysis(a) Interpretation: The ratios of particles present in an atoms or ions in 3p states and in ground state of Na atom and Mg + needs to be compared when there is a natural gas air flame of temperature 2100 K. Concept introduction: Boltzmann equation is used for the calculation of the ratio. This equation tells that how much an atom or ion is populated as a function of temperature. This equation is given as- N j N o = g j g o exp ( − E j k T ) ......... (1) And the calculation of energy of atom and ion is done by the following formula- E j = h c λ ......... (2) Where, h= Planck’s constant c = light velocity λ= wavelength Ej= energy difference of excited state and ground state.Start your trial now! First week only $4.99!*arrow_forward*

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7th Edition

Douglas A. Skoog + 2 others

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9781305577213

Chapter 9, Problem 9.14QAP

Interpretation Introduction

**(a)**

**Interpretation:**

The ratios of particles present in an atoms or ions in 3p states and in ground state of Na atom and Mg^{+} needs to be compared when there is a natural gas air flame of temperature 2100 K.

**Concept introduction:**

Boltzmann equation is used for the calculation of the ratio. This equation tells that how much an atom or ion is populated as a function of temperature. This equation is given as-

And the calculation of energy of atom and ion is done by the following formula-

Where,

h= Planck’s constant

c = light velocity

λ= wavelength

Ej= energy difference of excited state and ground state.

Interpretation Introduction

**(b)**

**Interpretation:**

The ratios of particles present in an atoms or ions in 3p states and in ground state of Na atom and Mg^{+} needs to be compared when there is a hydrogen-oxygen flame of temperature 2900 K.

**Concept introduction:**

Boltzmann equation is used for the calculation of the ratio. This equation tells that how much an atom or ion is populated as a function of temperature. This equation is given as-

And the calculation of energy of atom and ion is done by the following formula-

Where,

h= Planck’s constant

c = light velocity

λ= wavelength

Ej= energy difference of excited state and ground state

Interpretation Introduction

**(c)**

**Interpretation:**

The ratios of particles present in an atoms or ions in 3p states and in ground state of Na atom and Mg^{+} needs to be compared when there is an inductively coupled plasma source of 6000 K.

**Concept introduction:**

Boltzmann equation is used for the calculation of the ratio. This equation tells that how much an atom or ion is populated as a function of temperature. This equation is given as-

And the calculation of energy of atom and ion is done by the following formula-

Where,

h= Planck’s constant

c = light velocity

λ= wavelength

Ej= energy difference of excited state and ground state