Campbell Biology (11th Edition) - 11th Edition - by Lisa A. Urry, Michael L. Cain, Steven A. Wasserman, Peter V. Minorsky, Jane B. Reece - ISBN 9780134093413
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Campbell Biology (11th Edition)
11th Edition
Lisa A. Urry, Michael L. Cain, Steven A. Wasserman, Peter V. Minorsky, Jane B. Reece
Publisher: PEARSON
ISBN: 9780134093413

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Chapter 3 - Water And LifeChapter 3.1 - Polar Covalent Bonds In Water Molecules Result In Hydrogen BondingChapter 3.2 - Four Emergent Properties Of Water Contribute To Earth's Suitability For LifeChapter 3.3 - Acidic And Basic Conditions Affect Living OrganismsChapter 4 - Carbon And The Molecular Diversity Of LifeChapter 4.1 - Organic Chemistry Is The Study Of Carbon CompoundsChapter 4.2 - Carbon Atoms Can Form Diverse Molecules By Bonding To Four Other AtomsChapter 4.3 - A Few Chemical Groups Are Key To Molecular FunctionChapter 5 - The Structure And Function Of Large Biological MoleculesChapter 5.1 - Macromolecules Are Polymers, Built From MonomersChapter 5.2 - Carbohydrates Serve As Fuel And Building MaterialChapter 5.3 - Lipids Are A Diverse Group Of Hydrophobic MoleculesChapter 5.4 - Proteins Include A Diversity Of Structures, Resulting In A Wide Range Of FunctionsChapter 5.5 - Nucleic Acids Store, Transmit, And Help Express Hereditary InformationChapter 5.6 - Genomics And Proteomics Have Transformed Biological Inquiry And ApplicationsChapter 6 - A Tour Of The CellChapter 6.1 - Biologists Use Microscopes And Biochemistry To Study CellsChapter 6.2 - Eukaryotic Cells Have Internal Membranes That Compartmentalize Their FunctionsChapter 6.3 - The Eukaryotic Cell's Genetic Instructions Are Housed In The Nucleus And Carried Out By The RibosomesChapter 6.4 - The Endomembrane System Regulates Protein Traffic And Performs Metabolic FunctionsChapter 6.5 - Mitochondria And Chloroplasts Change Energy From One Form To AnotherChapter 6.6 - The Cytoskeleton Is A Network Of Fibers That Organizes Structures And Activities In The CellChapter 6.7 - Extracellular Components And Connections Between Cells Help Coordinate Cellular ActivitiesChapter 6.8 - A Cell Is Greater Than The Sum Of Its PartsChapter 7 - Membrane Structure And FunctionChapter 7.1 - Cellular Membranes Are Fluid Mosaics Of Lipids And ProteinsChapter 7.2 - Membrane Structure Results In Selective PermeabilityChapter 7.3 - Passive Transport Is Diffusion Of A Substance Across A Membrane With No Energy InvestmentChapter 7.4 - Active Transport Uses Energy To Move Solutes Against Their GradientsChapter 7.5 - Bulk Transport Across The Plasma Membrane Occurs By Exocytosis And EndocytosisChapter 8 - An Introduction To MetabolismChapter 8.1 - An Organism's Metabolism Transforms Matter And Energy, Subject To The Laws Of ThermodynamicsChapter 8.2 - The Free-energy Change Of A Reaction Tells Us Whether Or Not The Reaction Occurs SpontaneouslyChapter 8.3 - Atp Powers Cellular Work By Coupling Exergonic Reactions To Endergonic ReactionsChapter 8.4 - Enzymes Speed Up Metabolic Reactions By Lowering Energy BarriersChapter 8.5 - Regulation Of Enzyme Activity Helps Control MetabolismChapter 9 - Cellular Respiration And FermentationChapter 9.1 - Catabolic Pathways Yield Energy By Oxidizing Organic FuelsChapter 9.2 - Glycolysis Harvests Chemical Energy By Oxidizing Glucose To PyruvateChapter 9.3 - After Pyruvate Is Oxidized, The Citric Acid Cycle Completes The Energy-yielding Oxidation Of Organic MoleculesChapter 9.4 - During Oxidative Phosphorylation, Chemiosmosis Couples Electron Transport To Atp SynthesisChapter 9.5 - Fermentation And Anaerobic Respiration Enable Cells To Produce Atp Without The Use Of OxygenChapter 9.6 - Glycolysis And The Citric Acid Cycle Connect To Many Other Metabolic PathwaysChapter 10 - PhotosynthesisChapter 10.1 - Photosynthesis Converts Light Energy To The Chemical Energy Of FoodChapter 10.2 - The Light Reactions Convert Solar Energy To The Chemical Energy Of Atp And NadphChapter 10.3 - The Calvin Cycle Uses The Chemical Energy Of Atp And Nadph To Reduce Co2 To SugarChapter 10.4 - Alternative Mechanisms Of Carbon Fixation Have Evolved In Hot, Arid ClimatesChapter 10.5 - Life Depends On PhotosynthesisChapter 11 - Cell CommunicationChapter 11.1 - External Signals Are Converted To Responses Within The CellChapter 11.2 - Reception: A Signaling Molecule Binds To A Receptor Protein, Causing It To Change ShapeChapter 11.3 - Transduction: Cascades Of Molecular Interactions Relay Signals From Receptors To Target Molecules In The CellChapter 11.4 - Response: Cell Signaling Leads To Regulation Of Transcription Or Cytoplasmic ActivitiesChapter 11.5 - Apoptosis Integrates Multiple Cell-signaling PathwaysChapter 12 - The Cell CycleChapter 12.1 - Most Cell Division Results In Genetically Identical Daughter CellsChapter 12.2 - The Mitotic Phase Alternates With Interphase In The Cell CycleChapter 12.3 - The Eukaryotic Cell Cycle Is Regulated By A Molecular Control SystemChapter 13 - Meiosis And Sexual Life CyclesChapter 13.1 - Offspring Acquire Genes From Parents By Inheriting ChromosomesChapter 13.2 - Fertilization And Meiosis Alternate In Sexual Life CyclesChapter 13.3 - Meiosis Reduces The Number Of Chromosome Sets From Diploid To HaploidChapter 13.4 - Genetic Variation Produced In Sexual Life Cycles Contributes To EvolutionChapter 14 - Mendel And The Gene IdeaChapter 14.1 - Mendel Used The Scientific Approach To Identify Two Laws Of InheritanceChapter 14.2 - Probability Laws Govern Mendelian InheritanceChapter 14.3 - Inheritance Patterns Are Often More Complex Than Predicted By Simple Mendelian GeneticsChapter 14.4 - Many Human Traits Follow Mendelian Patterns Of InheritanceChapter 15 - The Chromosomal Basis Of InheritanceChapter 15.1 - Morgan Showed That Mendelian Inheritance Has Its Physical Basis In The Behavior Of Chromosomes: Scientific InquiryChapter 15.2 - Sex-linked Genes Exhibit Unique Patterns Of InheritanceChapter 15.3 - Linked Genes Tend To Be Inherited Together Because They Are Located Near Each Other On The Same ChromosomeChapter 15.4 - Alterations Of Chromosome Number Or Structure Cause Some Genetic DisordersChapter 15.5 - Some Inheritance Patterns Are Exceptions To Standard Mendelian InheritanceChapter 16 - The Molecular Basis Of InheritanceChapter 16.1 - Dna Is The Genetic MaterialChapter 16.2 - Many Proteins Work Together In Dna Replication And RepairChapter 16.3 - A Chromosome Consists Of A Dna Molecule Packed Together With ProteinsChapter 17 - Gene Expression: From Gene To ProteinChapter 17.1 - Genes Specify Proteins Via Transcription And TranslationChapter 17.2 - Transcription Is The Dna-directed Synthesis Of Rna: A Closer LookChapter 17.3 - Eukaryotic Cells Modify Rna After TranscriptionChapter 17.4 - Translation Is The Rna-directed Synthesis Of A Polypeptide: A Closer LookChapter 17.5 - Mutations Of One Or A Few Nucleotides Can Affect Protein Structure And FunctionChapter 18 - Regulation Of Gene ExpressionChapter 18.1 - Bacteria Often Respond To Environmental Change By Regulating TranscriptionChapter 18.2 - Eukaryotic Gene Expression Is Regulated At Many StagesChapter 18.3 - Noncoding Rnas Play Multiple Roles In Controlling Gene ExpressionChapter 18.4 - A Program Of Differential Gene Expression Leads To The Different Cell Types In A Multicellular OrganismChapter 18.5 - Cancer Results From Genetic Cnanges That Affect Cell Cycle ControlChapter 19 - VirusesChapter 19.1 - A Virus Consists Of A Nucleic Acid Surrounded By A Protein CoatChapter 19.2 - Viruses Replicate Only In Host CellsChapter 19.3 - Viruses And Prions Are Formidable Pathogens In Animals And PlantsChapter 20 - Dna Tools And BiotechnologyChapter 20.1 - Dna Sequencing And Dna Cloning Are Valuable Tool S For Genetic Engineering And Biological InquiryChapter 20.2 - Biologists Use Dna Technology To Study Gene Expression And FunctionChapter 20.3 - Cloned Organisms And Stem Cells Are Useful For Basic Research And Other ApplicationsChapter 20.4 - The Practical Applications Of Dna-based Biotechnology Affect Our Lives In Many WaysChapter 21 - Genomes And Their EvolutionChapter 21.1 - The Human Genome Project Fostered Development Of Faster, Less Expensive Sequencing TechniquesChapter 21.2 - Scientists Use Bioinformatics To Analyze Genomes And Their FunctionsChapter 21.3 - Genomes Vary In Size, Number Of Genes, And Gene DensityChapter 21.4 - Multicellular Eukaryotes Have A Lot Of Noncoding Dna And Many Multigene FamiliesChapter 21.5 - Duplication, Rearrangement, And Mutation Of Dna Contribute To Genome EvolutionChapter 22 - Descent With Modification: A Darwinian View Of LifeChapter 22.1 - The Darwinian Revolution Challenged Traditional Views Of A Young Earth Inhabited By Unchanging SpeciesChapter 22.2 - Descent With Modification By Natural Selection Explains The Adaptations Of Organisms And The Unity And Diversity Of LifeChapter 22.3 - Evolution Is Supported By An Overwhelming Amount Of Scientific EvidenceChapter 23 - The Evolution Of PopulationsChapter 23.1 - Genetic Variation Makes Evolution PossibleChapter 23.2 - The Hardy-weinberg Equation Can Be Used To Test Whether A Population Is EvolvingChapter 23.3 - Natural Selection, Genetic Drift, And Gene Flow Can Alter Allele Frequencies In A PopulationChapter 23.4 - Natural Selection Is The Only Mechanism That Consistently Causes Adaptive EvolutionChapter 24 - The Origin Of SpeciesChapter 24.1 - The Biological Species Concept Emphasizes Reproductive IsolationChapter 24.2 - Speciation Can Take Place With Or Without Geographic SeparationChapter 24.3 - Hybrid Zones Reveal Factors That Cause Reproductive IsolationChapter 24.4 - Speciation Can Occur Rapidly Or Slowly And Can Result From Changes In Few Or Many GenesChapter 25 - The History Of Life On EarthChapter 25.1 - Conditions On Early Earth Made The Origin Of Life PossibleChapter 25.2 - The Fossil Record Documents The History Of LifeChapter 25.3 - Key Events In Life's History Include The Origins Of Unicellular And Multicellular Organisms And The Colonization Of LandChapter 25.4 - The Rise And Fall Of Groups Of Organisms Reflect Differences In Speciation And Extinction RatesChapter 25.5 - Major Changes In Body Form Can Result From Changes In The Sequences And Regulation Of DevelopmentalgenesChapter 25.6 - Evolution Is Not Goal OrientedChapter 26 - Phylogeny And The Tree Of LifeChapter 26.1 - Phylogenies Show Evolutionary RelationshipsChapter 26.2 - Phylogenies Are Inferred From Morphological And Molecular DataChapter 26.3 - Shared Characters Are Used To Construct Phylogenetic TreesChapter 26.4 - An Organism's Evolutionary History Is Documented In Its GenomeChapter 26.5 - Molecular Clocks Help Track Evolutionary TimeChapter 26.6 - Our Understanding Of The Tree Of Life Continues To Change Based On New DataChapter 27 - Bacteria And ArchaeaChapter 27.1 - Structural And Functional Adaptations Contribute To Prokaryotic SuccessChapter 27.2 - Rapid Reproduction, Mutation, And Genetic Recombination Promote Genetic Diversity In ProkaryotesChapter 27.3 - Diverse Nutritional And Metabolic Adaptations Have Evolved In ProkaryotesChapter 27.4 - Prokaryotes Have Radiated Into A Diverse Set Of LineagesChapter 27.5 - Prokaryotes Play Crucial Roles In The BiosphereChapter 27.6 - Prokaryotes Have Both Beneficial And Harmful Impacts On HumansChapter 28 - ProtistsChapter 28.1 - Most Eukaryotes Are Single-celled OrganismsChapter 28.2 - Excavates Include Protists With Modified Mitochondria And Protists With Unique FlagellaChapter 28.3 - Sar Is A Highly Diverse Group Of Protists Defined By Dna SimilaritiesChapter 28.4 - Red Algae And Green Algae Are The Closest Relatives Of PlantsChapter 28.5 - Unikonts Include Protists That Are Closely Related To Fungi And AnimalsChapter 28.6 - Protists Play Key Roles In Ecological CommunitiesChapter 29 - Plant Diversity 1: How Plants Colonized LandChapter 29.1 - Plants Evolved From Green AlgaeChapter 29.2 - Mosses And Other Nonvascular Plants Have Life Cycles Dominated By GametophytesChapter 29.3 - Ferns And Other Seedless Vascular Plants Were The First Plants To Grow TallChapter 30 - Plant Diversity Ii : The Evolution Of Seed PlantsChapter 30.1 - Seeds And Pollen Grains Are Key Adaptations For Life On LandChapter 30.2 - Gymnosperms Bear "naked" Seeds, Typically On ConesChapter 30.3 - The Reproductive Adaptations Of Angiosperms Include Flowers And FruitsChapter 30.4 - Human Welfare Depends On Seed PlantsChapter 31 - FungiChapter 31.1 - Fungi Are Heterotrophs That Feed By AbsorptionChapter 31.2 - Fungi Produce Spores Through Sexual Or Asexual Life CyclesChapter 31.3 - The Ancestor Of Fungi Was An Aquatic, Single-celled, Flagellated ProtistChapter 31.4 - Fungi Have Radiated Into A Diverse Set Of LineagesChapter 31.5 - Fungi Play Key Roles In Nutrient Cycling, Ecological Interactions, And Human WelfareChapter 32 - An Overview Of Animal DiversityChapter 32.1 - Animals Are Multicellular, Heterotrophic Eukaryotes With Tissues That Develop From Embryonic LayersChapter 32.2 - The History Of Animals Spans More Than Half A Billion YearsChapter 32.3 - Animals Can Be Characterized By "body Plans"Chapter 32.4 - Views Of Animal Phylogeny Continue To Be Shaped By New Molecular And Morphological DataChapter 33 - An Introduction To InvertebratesChapter 33.1 - Sponges Are Basal Animals That Lack TissuesChapter 33.2 - Cnidarians Are An Ancient Phylum Of EumetazoansChapter 33.3 - Lophotrochozoans, A Clade Identified By Molecular Data, Have The Widest Range Of Animal Body FormsChapter 33.4 - Ecdysozoans Are The Most Species-rich Animal GroupChapter 33.5 - Echinoderms And Chordates Are DeuterostomesChapter 34 - The Origin And Evolution Of VertebratesChapter 34.1 - Chordates Have A Notochord And A Dorsal, Hollow Nerve CordChapter 34.2 - Vertebrates Are Chordates That Have A BackboneChapter 34.3 - Gnathostomes Are Vertebrates That Have JawsChapter 34.4 - Tetrapods Are Gnathostomes That Have LimbsChapter 34.5 - Amniotes Are Tetrapods That Have A Terrestrially Adapted EggChapter 34.6 - Mammals Are Amniotes That Have Hair And Produce MilkChapter 34.7 - Humans Are Mammals That Have A Large Brain And Bipedal LocomotionChapter 35 - Vascular Plant Structure, Growth, And DevelopmentChapter 35.1 - Plants Have A Hierarchical Organization Consisting Of Organs, Tissues, And CellsChapter 35.2 - Different Meristems Generate New Cells For Primary And Secondary GrowthChapter 35.3 - Primary Growth Lengthens Roots And ShootsChapter 35.4 - Secondary Growth Increases The Diameter Of Stems And Roots In Woody PlantsChapter 35.5 - Growth, Morphogenesis, And Cell Growth, Morphogenesis, And CellChapter 36 - Resource Acquisition And Transport In Vascular PlantsChapter 36.1 - Adaptations For Acquiring Resources Were Key Steps In The Evolution Of Vascular PlantsChapter 36.2 - Different Mechanisms Transport Substances Over Short Or Long DistancesChapter 36.3 - Transpiration Drives The Transport Of Water And Minerals From Roots To Shoots Via The XylemChapter 36.4 - The Rate Of Transpiration Is Regulated By StomataChapter 36.5 - Sugars Are Transported From Sources To Sinks Via The PhloemChapter 36.6 - The Symplast Is Highly DynamicChapter 37 - Soil And Plant NutritionChapter 37.1 - Soil Contains A Living, Complex EcosystemChapter 37.2 - Plant Roots Absorb Essential Elements From The SoilChapter 37.3 - Plant Nutrition Often Involves Relationships With Other OrganismsChapter 38 - Angiosperm Reproduction And BiotechnologyChapter 38.1 - Flowers, Double Fertilization, And Fruits Are Key Features Of The Angiosperm Life CycleChapter 38.2 - Flowering Plants Reproduce Sexually, Asexually, Or BothChapter 38.3 - People Modify Crops By Breeding And Genetic EngineeringChapter 39 - Plant Responses To Internal And External SignalsChapter 39.1 - Signal Transduction Pathways Link Signal Reception To ResponseChapter 39.2 - Plant Hormones Help Coordinate Growth, Development, And Responses To StimuliChapter 39.3 - Responses To Light Are Critical For Plant SuccessChapter 39.4 - Plants Respond To A Wide Variety Of Stimuli Other Than LightChapter 39.5 - Plants Respond To Attacks By Pathogens And HerbivoresChapter 40 - Basic Principles Of Animal Form And FunctionChapter 40.1 - Animal Form And Function Are Correlated At All Levels Of OrganizationChapter 40.2 - Feedback Control Maintains The Internal Environment In Many AnimalsChapter 40.3 - Homeostatic Processes For Thermoregulation Involve Form, Function, And BehaviorChapter 40.4 - Energy Requirements Are Related To Animal Size, Activity, And EnvironmentChapter 41 - Animal NutritionChapter 41.1 - An Animal's Diet Must Supply Chemical Energy, Organic Building Blocks, And Essential NutrientsChapter 41.2 - Food Processing Involves Ingestion, Digestion, Absorption, And EliminationChapter 41.3 - Organs Specialized For Sequential Stages Of Food Processing Form The Mammalian Digestive SystemChapter 41.4 - Evolutionary Adaptations Of Vertebrate Digestive Systems Correlate With DietChapter 41.5 - Feedback Circuits Regulate Digestion, Energy Storage, And AppetiteChapter 42 - Circulation And Gas ExchangeChapter 42.1 - Circulatory Systems Link Exchange Surfaces With Cells Throughout The BodyChapter 42.2 - Coordinated Cycles Of Heart Contraction Drive Double Circulation In MammalsChapter 42.3 - Patterns Of Blood Pressure And Flow Reflect The Structure And Arrangement Of Blood VesselsChapter 42.4 - Blood Components Function In Exchange, Transport, And DefenseChapter 42.5 - Gas Exchange Occurs Across Specialized Respiratory SurfacesChapter 42.6 - Breathing Ventilates The LungsChapter 42.7 - Adaptations For Gas Exchange Include Pigments That Bind And Transport GasesChapter 43 - The Immune SystemChapter 43.1 - In Innate Immunity, Recognition And Response Rely On Traits Common To Groups Of PathogensChapter 43.2 - In Adaptive Immunity, Receptors Provide Pathogen-specific RecognitionChapter 43.3 - Adaptive Immunity Defends Against Infection Of Body Fluids And Body CellsChapter 43.4 - Disruptions In Immune System Function Can Elicit Or Exacerbate DiseaseChapter 44 - Osmoregulation And ExcretionChapter 44.1 - Osmoregulation Balances The Uptake And Loss Of Water And SolutesChapter 44.2 - An Animal's Nitrogenous Wastes Reflect Its Phylogeny And HabitatChapter 44.3 - Diverse Excretory Systems Are Variations On A Tubular ThemeChapter 44.4 - The Nephron Is Organized For Stepwise Processing Of Blood FiltrateChapter 44.5 - Hormonal Circuits Link Kidney Function, Water Balance, And Blood PressureChapter 45 - Hormones And The Endocrine SystemChapter 45.1 - Hormones And Other Signaling Molecules Bind To Target Receptors, Triggering Specific Response PathwaysChapter 45.2 - Feedback Regulation And Coordination With The Nervous System Are Common In Hormone PathwaysChapter 45.3 - Endocrine Glands Respond To Diverse Stimuli In Regulating Homeostasis, Development, And BehaviorChapter 46 - Animal ReproductionChapter 46.1 - Both Asexual And Sexual Reproduction Occur In The Animal KingdomChapter 46.2 - Fertilization Depends On Mechanisms That Bring Together Sperm And Eggs Of The Same SpeciesChapter 46.3 - Reproductive Organs Produce And Transport GametesChapter 46.4 - The Interplay Of Tropic And Sex Hormones Regulates Reproduction In MammalsChapter 46.5 - In Placental Mammals, An Embryo Develops Fully Within The Mother's UterusChapter 47 - Animal DevelopmentChapter 47.1 - Fertilization And Cleavage Initiate Embryonic DevelopmenChapter 47.2 - Morphogenesis In Animals Involves Specific Changes In Cell Shape, Position, And SurvivalChapter 47.3 - Cytoplasmic Determinants And Inductive Signals Regulate Cell FateChapter 48 - Neurons, Synapses, And SignalingChapter 48.1 - Neuron Structure And Organization Reflect Function In Information TransferChapter 48.2 - Lon Pumps And Ion Channels Establish The Resting Potential Of A NeuronChapter 48.3 - Action Potentials Are The Signals Conducted By AxonsChapter 48.4 - Neurons Communicate With Other Cells At SynapsesChapter 49 - Nervous SystemsChapter 49.1 - Nervous Systems Consist Of Circuits Of Neurons And Supporting CellsChapter 49.2 - The Vertebrate Brain Is Regionally SpecializedChapter 49.3 - The Cerebral Cortex Controls Voluntarymovement And Cognitive FunctionsChapter 49.4 - Changes In Synaptic Connections Underlie Memory And LearningChapter 49.5 - Many Nervous System Disorders Can Now Be Explained In Molecular TermsChapter 50 - Sensory And Motor MechanismsChapter 50.1 - Sensory Receptors Transduce Stimulus Energy And Transmit Signals To The Central Nervous SystemChapter 50.2 - In Hearing And Equilibrium, Mechanoreceptors Detect Moving Fluid Or Settling ParticlesChapter 50.3 - The Diverse Visual Receptors Of Animals Depend On Light-absorbing PigmentsChapter 50.4 - The Senses Of Taste And Smell Rely On Similar Sets Of Sensory ReceptorsChapter 50.5 - The Physical Interaction Of Protein Filaments Is Required For Muscle FunctionChapter 50.6 - Skeletal Systems Transform Muscle Contraction Into LocomotionChapter 51 - Animal BehaviorChapter 51.1 - Discrete Sensory Inputs Can Stimulate Both Simple And Complex BehaviorsChapter 51.2 - Learning Establishes Specific Links Between Experience And BehaviorChapter 51.3 - Selection For Individual Survival And Reproductive Success Can Explain Diverse BehaviorsChapter 51.4 - Genetic Analyses And The Concept Of Inclusive Fitness Provide A Basis For Studying The Evolution Of BehaviorChapter 52 - An Introduction To Ecology And The BiosphereChapter 52.1 - Earth's Climate Varies By Latitude And Season And Is Changing RapidlyChapter 52.2 - The Distribution Of Terrestrial Biomes Is Controlled By Climate And DisturbanceChapter 52.3 - Aquatic Biomes Are Diverse And Dynamic Systems That Cover Most Of EarthChapter 52.4 - Interactions Between Organisms And The Environment Limit The Distribution Of SpeciesChapter 52.5 - Ecological Change And Evolution Affect One Another Over Long And Short Periods Of TimeChapter 53 - Population EcologyChapter 53.1 - Biotic And Abiotic Factors Affect Population Density, Dispersion, And DemographicsChapter 53.2 - The Exponential Model Describes Population Growth In An Idealized, Unlimited EnvironmentChapter 53.3 - The Logistic Model Describes How A Population Grows More Slowly As It Nears Its Carrying CapacityChapter 53.4 - Life History Traits Are Products Of Natural SelectionChapter 53.5 - Density-dependent Factors Regulate Population GrowthChapter 53.6 - The Human Population Is No Longer Growing Exponentially But Is Still Increasing RapidlyChapter 54 - Community EcologyChapter 54.1 - Community Interactions Are Classified By Whether They Help, Harm, Or Have No Effect On The Species InvolvedChapter 54.2 - Diversity And Trophic Structure Characterize Biological CommunitiesChapter 54.3 - Disturbance Influences Species Diversity And CompositionChapter 54.4 - Biogeographic Factors Affect Community DiversityChapter 54.5 - Pathogens Alter Community Structure Locally And GloballyChapter 55 - Ecosystems And Restoration EcologyChapter 55.1 - Physical Laws Govern Energy Flow And Chemical Cycling In EcosystemsChapter 55.2 - Energy And Other Limiting Factors Control Primary Production In EcosystemsChapter 55.3 - Energy Transfer Between Trophic Levels Is Typically Only 10% EfficientChapter 55.4 - Biological And Geochemical Processes Cycle Nutrients And Water In EcosystemsChapter 55.5 - Restoration Ecologists Return Degraded Ecosystems To A More Natural StateChapter 56 - Conservation Biology And Global ChangeChapter 56.1 - Human Activities Threaten Earth's BiodiversityChapter 56.2 - Population Conservation Focuses On Population Size, Genetic Diversity, And Critical HabitatChapter 56.3 - Landscape And Regional Conservation Help Sustain BiodiversityChapter 56.4 - Earth Is Changing Rapidly As A Result Of Human ActionsChapter 56.5 - Sustainable Development Can Improve Human Lives While Conserving

Book Details

The Eleventh Edition of the best-selling Campbell BIOLOGY sets students on the path to success in biology through its clear and engaging narrative, superior skills instruction, innovative use of art and photos, and fully integrated media resources to enhance teaching and learning.

To engage learners in developing a deeper understanding of biology, the Eleventh Edition challenges them to apply their knowledge and skills to a variety of new hands-on activities and exercises in the text and online.  Content updates throughout the text reflect rapidly evolving research, and new learning tools include Problem-Solving Exercises, Visualizing Figures, Visual Skills Questions, and more.

Sample Solutions for this Textbook

We offer sample solutions for Campbell Biology (11th Edition) homework problems. See examples below:

Chapter 10, Problem 10.1CRThe cells present in multicellular organisms communicate usually through the signaling molecules...Chapter 12, Problem 12.1CRHumans undergo sexual reproduction and inherit one chromosome of each homologous pair of chromosomes...Chapter 14, Problem 14.1CRChapter 15, Problem 15.1CRA deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) molecule consists of two polynucleotide chains that associate as a...Explanation: DNA consists of genetic instructions in the form of gene sequences. It directs...Operon contains coding DNA sequences, regulatory DNA sequences, and the regulatory proteins....A living being is made up of cells that exhibit characteristics like growth, movement, and...Explanation: For cloning a eukaryotic gene, the bacterial plasmid vector and the gene segment to be...The main goal of the Human Genome Project was to sequence the entire nucleotide sequence of each...Explanation: Darwin proposed that the “process of natural selection” has led to diversity in the...Higher organisms have a large gene pool that contains non-coded DNA known as introns. As most of the...Chapter 24, Problem 24.1CRExplanation: The role of montmorillonite clay in the origin of life: The montmorillonite clay is...Chimpanzees and humans are hominoids. They are together classified under the suborder: Anthropoidea....The cell walls of prokaryotes are peptidoglycan in nature, which protect the cell, maintain its...The protists and eukaryotes have many similarities, and it is evident in their structural and...Pictorial representation: Fig.1 shows the phylogenetic tree drawn to represent the relationship...The integument is the outer layer of the ovule in the female, which is diploid (2n). The megaspore...The structure of multicellular fungi plays a vital role in increasing the absorption of nutrients....Animals differ from plants and fungi in following ways: CriteriaAnimalPlantFungiCellular...The sponges have a relatively simple body plan with all cells of the body in direct contact with...Explanation: The features of the common ancestors of chordates are the presence of dorsal nerve cord...There are three essential organs of the vascular plants such as the leaves, stems, and roots. Also,...As a result of selection pressure for plants with tall shoots, the separation of leaves from roots...Soil consists of small particles that vary in size. They are formed by weathering of rocks. They are...The first step of fruit formation starts with pollination followed by fertilization. Ovule is a part...Signal transduction is the process of conversion of an extracellular signal into an intracellular...Explanation: Animals must exchange gases, nutrients, and waste products with the environment. This...Essential nutrients are the nutrients that cannot be synthesized by the body but required to carry...The differences between the flows of fluid in closed circulatory system from the movement of...Explanation: Innate immunity has two major defense mechanisms. They are barrier defense and internal...There are majorly three types of osmotic conditions namely hypotonic, isotonic, and hypertonic...Antigen presentation by antigen-presenting cells such as dendritic cells or macrophages activate...Explanation: Haploid gametes are produced by meiosis cell division. Meiosis involves the random...Explanation: There are some cell specific surface proteins that is essential for the fusion of sperm...Dendrites receive information from adjacent neurons. The axon transfers the information to the other...Explanation: Spinal cord in the vertebrates runs lengthwise and conveys information to and from the...In response to any kind of threat or pain, sensory neurons transmit the signals to interneurons in...Chapter 51, Problem 51.1CRExplanation: The movement of air determines the weather of a particular area. The deserts are mostly...Chapter 53, Problem 53.1CRThe interspecific interactions can be classified into three categories, namely, positive...Chapter 55, Problem 55.1CRChapter 56, Problem 56.1CR

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