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Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052
Chapter 13, Problem 6QP
Textbook Problem
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Cloning Genes Is a Multistep Process

Restriction enzymes are derived from bacteria. Why don’t bacterial chromosomes get cut with the restriction enzymes present in the cell? Why do bacteria have these enzymes?

Summary Introduction

To describe: The reasons that the presence of restriction enzymes inside the bacterial cell does not affect bacterial chromosomes.

Introduction: A restriction enzyme is a form of a protein that is produced by bacteria. These enzymes are also termed as “restriction endonucleases.” The restriction enzyme plays an important role in the production of recombinant DNA.

Explanation of Solution

The restriction enzymes are responsible for the formation of incisions in the DNA strands at a specific position by recognizing the particular nucleotide sequence. The enzyme hydrolyzes the bonds between the nucleotides which results in the conversion of double-stranded DNA to the single-stranded DNA.

Every restriction enzyme function upon the specific sites in the DNA...

Summary Introduction

To explain: The reasons behind the presence of restriction enzymes inside the bacterial cell.

Introduction: A restriction enzyme is a form of a protein that is produced by bacteria. These enzymes are also termed as “restriction endonucleases.” The restriction enzyme plays an important role in the production of recombinant DNA.

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