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Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl
ISBN: 9781133611097
Textbook Problem

A series of chemicals were added to some AgNO3(aq). NaCl(aq) was added first to the silver nitrate solution with the end result shown below in test tube l ,NH3(aq) was then added with the end result shown in test tube 2, and HNO3,(aq) was added last with the end result shown in test tube 3.

Chapter 16, Problem 75E, A series of chemicals were added to some AgNO3(aq). NaCl(aq) was added first to the silver nitrate

Explain the results shown in each test tube. Include a balanced equation for the reaction(s) taking place.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: A series of chemicals are given to be added to AgNO3(aq) in different test tubes. The results shown in each test tube are to be explained with the help of a balanced equation for the reaction(s) that take place.

Concept introduction: Solubility is defined as the maximum amount of solute that can dissolve at a certain amount of solvent at certain temperature.

Explanation

Explanation

To determine: An explanation for the results shown in the given test tubes.

The net ionic reaction that takes place is,

Ag+(aq)+NaCl(aq)AgCl(s)+NaNO3(aq)

First test tube: In this test tube, when NaCl is added to the given AgNO3 , a white silvery precipitate (AgCl) is formed.

The reaction that takes place is,

AgNO3(aq)+NaCl(aq)AgCl(s)+NaNO3(aq)

The net ionic reaction that takes place is,

Ag+(aq)+NaCl(aq)AgCl(s)+NaNO3(aq)

The reaction that takes place is,

AgCl(aq)+2NH3(aq)[Ag(NH3)2]+(aq)+Cl(aq)

Second test tube: In this test tube, when NH3 is added to the resultant solution of the first test tube, the AgCl formed starts to dissolve

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