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Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Introductory Chemistry: A Foundati...

9th Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
ISBN: 9781337399425
Textbook Problem
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. Does an oxidizing agent increase or decrease its own oxidation state when it acts on another atom? Does a reducing agent increase or decrease its own oxidation state when it acts on another substance?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Whether the oxidizing agent increase or decrease its own oxidation state when it acts on another atom and reducing agent increase or decrease its own oxidation state when it acts on another substance should be determined.

Concept Introduction:

The chemical reaction in which both oxidation and reduction process takes place is known as redox reaction. In this reaction, transfer of electrons takes place among the elements.

Oxidation is the process in which either loss of electrons, oxidation number increases, or loss of hydrogen atoms takes place.

Reduction is the process in which either gain of electrons, oxidation number decreases, or gain hydrogen atoms takes place.

Explanation

Oxidizing agent are those which are reduced in a chemical reaction or gain electrons. An element is being reduced, when its oxidation number decreases. Decrease in oxidation number implies gain of electrons. Oxidizing agent oxidize the another substance implies increase in oxidation number and reduces itself implies decrease in oxidation number.

Reducing agents are those which are oxidized in a chemical reaction or lose electrons. An element is oxidized, when its oxidation number increases. Increase in oxidation number implies loss of electrons. Reducing agent reduce the another substance implies decrease in oxidation number and oxidizes itself implies increase in oxidation number.

For example: N2(g)+3H2(g

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