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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Classify each of the hydrocarbons in Problem 13-1 as an alkane, alkene, or alkyne.

  1. a. CH3—CH2—CH3
  2. b. CH3—CH=CH2
  3. c. CH3—C≡CH
  4. d. CH3—CH=CH—CH3

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given hydrocarbon has to be classified as an alkane, alkene or alkyne.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Hydrocarbons are the organic compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon atoms.  Hydrocarbon derivatives are the one in which the compounds contain hydrogen and carbon atoms along with one or more additional elements.  The additional elements that can be present in hydrocarbon derivatives are oxygen, nitrogen, Sulphur, chlorine, bromine etc.  The compounds which contain only single bonds between carbon atoms is known as alkanes.

Hydrocarbons are further classified into two categories.  They are saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons.  The hydrocarbons that contain single bonds between carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as saturated hydrocarbon.  The hydrocarbons that contain at least one double or triple bond between two carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as unsaturated hydrocarbon.  The unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain double bond between carbon atoms is known as alkene and triple bond between carbon atoms is known as alkyne.

Explanation

Given structure of hydrocarbon is,

    CH3CH2CH3

Alkanes are hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds between the carbon atoms

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given hydrocarbon has to be classified as an alkane, alkene or alkyne.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Hydrocarbons are the organic compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon atoms.  Hydrocarbon derivatives are the one in which the compounds contain hydrogen and carbon atoms along with one or more additional elements.  The additional elements that can be present in hydrocarbon derivatives are oxygen, nitrogen, Sulphur, chlorine, bromine etc.  The compounds which contain only single bonds between carbon atoms is known as alkanes.

Hydrocarbons are further classified into two categories.  They are saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons.  The hydrocarbons that contain single bonds between carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as saturated hydrocarbon.  The hydrocarbons that contain at least one double or triple bond between two carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as unsaturated hydrocarbon.  The unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain double bond between carbon atoms is known as alkene and triple bond between carbon atoms is known as alkyne.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given hydrocarbon has to be classified as an alkane, alkene or alkyne.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Hydrocarbons are the organic compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon atoms.  Hydrocarbon derivatives are the one in which the compounds contain hydrogen and carbon atoms along with one or more additional elements.  The additional elements that can be present in hydrocarbon derivatives are oxygen, nitrogen, Sulphur, chlorine, bromine etc.  The compounds which contain only single bonds between carbon atoms is known as alkanes.

Hydrocarbons are further classified into two categories.  They are saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons.  The hydrocarbons that contain single bonds between carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as saturated hydrocarbon.  The hydrocarbons that contain at least one double or triple bond between two carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as unsaturated hydrocarbon.  The unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain double bond between carbon atoms is known as alkene and triple bond between carbon atoms is known as alkyne.

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The given hydrocarbon has to be classified as an alkane, alkene or alkyne.

Concept Introduction:

Organic compounds are the important basis of life.  They include gasoline, coal, dyes, and clothing fibers etc.  The compounds that are obtained from living organisms are termed as organic compounds and those obtained from the earth are known as inorganic compounds.  Organic compounds are found in earth also apart from living organisms.  All the organic compounds contain the element carbon.  Urea was synthesized in the laboratory which is an organic compound.

Hydrocarbons are the organic compounds that contain only hydrogen and carbon atoms.  Hydrocarbon derivatives are the one in which the compounds contain hydrogen and carbon atoms along with one or more additional elements.  The additional elements that can be present in hydrocarbon derivatives are oxygen, nitrogen, Sulphur, chlorine, bromine etc.  The compounds which contain only single bonds between carbon atoms is known as alkanes.

Hydrocarbons are further classified into two categories.  They are saturated hydrocarbons and unsaturated hydrocarbons.  The hydrocarbons that contain single bonds between carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as saturated hydrocarbon.  The hydrocarbons that contain at least one double or triple bond between two carbon atoms in the entire molecule is known as unsaturated hydrocarbon.  The unsaturated hydrocarbons that contain double bond between carbon atoms is known as alkene and triple bond between carbon atoms is known as alkyne.

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