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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

In a square planar complex which d orbital is at lowest energy? Which d orbital is at highest energy? (Assume the ligands lie along the x and y axes.)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: The d orbitals in lower energy group present at the splitting of the orbitals has to be determined.

Concept introduction: The transition metal atoms have a tendency to form complex compounds that are linked to the certain neutral or ionic species and this leads to the formation of coordination compounds. There exists a large number of coordination compounds that have a large number of applications in the chemical industry as well as in daily life.

Explanation

During square planar splitting the dx2-y2 is oriented along the axis which experiences higher energy since it is given that the ligands are placed along the x and the y axes hence it has larger repulsion and behaves the higher energy orbital

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