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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

How many geometric isomers are possible for the square-planar complex ion [Pt(NH3)(CN)Cl2)?

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: For the given complex the possible geometric isomers has to be determined.

Concept introduction: The transition metal atoms have tendency to form complex compounds that are linked to the certain neutral or ionic species which leads to the formation of coordination compounds.

Coordination compounds: The compounds having coordination covalent bonds which form when metal ions react with polar molecules or anions.

Ligands: The ions or molecules that forms coordination covalent bond with metal ions in a coordination compound. Ligands should have minimum one lone pair of electron, where it donates two electrons to the metal. Metal atom accepts the electron pair from a ligand forming a coordination bond.

Monodentate Ligand is ligand which donates only one pair of electrons to form bond with metal. It only makes one bond with metal. Polydentate ligand forms two or more coordination bond with metal ions to form a complex.

Isomerism: Two chemical compounds are said to be isomers if they have same number and kind of atoms but different only in their orientation that is structural arrangements.

There are different types of isomerism in which geometric is of one type where the rotation around the atom is restricted like in cis-trans configuration. This is also refereed as cis-trans isomerism.

Explanation

The given condition says that the complex is a square planar complex which contains four ligands around the central atom. The given complex contains two chlorine 2NH3 where the binding of Cl could be in two ways firs

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