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Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Human Heredity: Principles and Iss...

11th Edition
Michael Cummings
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305251052
Chapter 3, Problem 1QP
Textbook Problem
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Crossing Pea Plants: Mendel’s Study of Single Traits

Explain the differences between the following terms:

  1. a. gene versus allele versus locus
  2. b. genotype versus phenotype
  3. c. dominant versus recessive
  4. d. complete dominance versus incomplete dominance versus codominance

a.

Summary Introduction

To determine: The differences between gene, allele, and locus.

Introduction: The genotype is the genetic constitution of the organism while the phenotype refers to external characters visible in an organism.

Explanation of Solution

No.CharacteristicsGeneAlleleLocus
1.DefinitionGene is considered to be the independent and fundamental unit of inheritance.Allele refers to the contrasting variants of the gene.Locus describes the fixed position of a gene or a genetic marker.
2.Examples Ph1 gene controls plant height...

b.

Summary Introduction

To determine: The differences between the genotype and phenotype.

Introduction: When the alleles inherited by the zygote are same then the genotype of the individual is called homozygous whereas, when the zygote inherits two different alleles it is called heterozygote.

c.

Summary Introduction

To determine: The differences between dominant and recessive.

Introduction: The alleles are the two contrasting variants of characters controlled by a specific gene. These alleles are distributed into the gametes during meiosis and then combined in a zygote during fertilization.

d.

Summary Introduction

To determine: The differences between complete dominance, incomplete dominance, and codominance.

Introduction: Gregor Mendel was an Austrian monk, who worked on a pea plant to observe the pattern of inheritance of certain characters from the parent plant to the offsprings. He termed genes as factors that were passed from one generation to another. He proposed three laws which came are known as Mendel’s law of genetics.

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Chapter 3 Solutions

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)
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Ch. 3 - Crossing Pea Plants: Mendels Study of Single...Ch. 3 - Crossing Pea Plants: Mendels Study of Single...Ch. 3 - Crossing Pea Plants: Mendels Study of Single...Ch. 3 - Crossing Pea Plants: Mendels Study of Single...Ch. 3 - Crossing Pea Plants: Mendels Study of Single...Ch. 3 - Crossing Pea Plants: Mendels Study of Single...Ch. 3 - Crossing Pea Plants: Mendels Study of Single...Ch. 3 - Crossing Pea Plants: Mendels Study of Single...Ch. 3 - More Crosses with Pea Plants: The Principle of...Ch. 3 - More Crosses with Pea Plants: The Principle of...Ch. 3 - More Crosses with Pea Plants: The Principle of...Ch. 3 - More Crosses with Pea Plants: The Principle of...Ch. 3 - More Crosses with Pea Plants: The Principle of...Ch. 3 - More Crosses with Pea Plants: The Principle of...Ch. 3 - More Crosses with Pea Plants: The Principle of...Ch. 3 - More Crosses with Pea Plants: The Principle of...Ch. 3 - More Crosses with Pea Plants: The Principle of...Ch. 3 - More Crosses with Pea Plants: The Principle of...Ch. 3 - More Crosses with Pea Plants: The Principle of...Ch. 3 - Meiosis Explains Mendels Results: Genes Are on...Ch. 3 - Meiosis Explains Mendels Results: Genes Are on...Ch. 3 - Meiosis Explains Mendels Results: Genes Are on...Ch. 3 - Meiosis Explains Mendels Results: Genes Are on...Ch. 3 - Meiosis Explains Mendels Results: Genes Are on...Ch. 3 - Variations on a Theme by Mendel A characteristic...Ch. 3 - Meiosis Explains Mendels Results: Genes Are on...Ch. 3 - Variations on a Theme by Mendel Pea plants usually...Ch. 3 - Variations on a Theme by Mendel A plant geneticist...Ch. 3 - Variations on a Theme by Mendel What are the...Ch. 3 - Meiosis Explains Mendels Results: Genes Are on...Ch. 3 - Variations on a Theme by Mendel What is the chance...Ch. 3 - Variations on a Theme by Mendel A hypothetical...Ch. 3 - Variations on a Theme by Mendel In homozygotes,...

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