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College Physics

1st Edition
Paul Peter Urone + 1 other
ISBN: 9781938168000

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BuyFindarrow_forward

College Physics

1st Edition
Paul Peter Urone + 1 other
ISBN: 9781938168000
Textbook Problem

Why can heavy nuclei with odd numbers of neutrons be induced to fission with thermal neutrons, whereas those with even numbers of neutrons require more energy input to induce fission?

To determine

To explain:

The cause of heavy nuclei with odd numbers can be induced to fission with thermal neurons, whereas those with an even number of neutrons require more energy input to induce fission.

Explanation

Introduction:

Thermal fission occurs in transuranic elements whose nuclei contain odd numbers of neutrons.

Fission reaction can take place in any of the heavy nuclei after the capture of a neutron. Thermal fission occurs in transuranic elements whose nuclei contain odd numbers of neutrons. For nuclei containing an even number of neutrons, fission can occur if the incident neutrons have energy above about one million electron volts...

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