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House of Representatives Currently. the U.S. House of Representatives has 435 members Who have been apportioned by the Huntington-Hill apportionment method. If the number of representatives were to be increased to 436, then, according o the 2010 census figures. North Carolina would be given the new representative. How must North Carolina’s 2010 census Huntington-Hill number compare with (he 2010 census Huntington-Hill numbers for the other 49 states? Explain. The Webster method of apportionment is similar to the Jefferson method except that quotas are rounded up when the decimal remainder is 0.5 or greater and quotas are rounded down when the decimal remainder is less than 0.5. This method of rounding is referred to as rounding to the nearest integer. For instance, using the Jefferson method, a quotient of 15.91 would be rounded to 15: using the Webster method, it would be rounded to 16. A quotient of 15.49 would be rounded to IS in both methods. To use the Webster method you must still experiment to find a modified standard divisor for which the sum of the quotas rounded to the nearest integer equals the number of items to be apportioned. Although the Webster method is similar to the Jefferson method, the Webster method is generally more difficult to apply because the modified divisor may be less than, equal to. or more than the standard divisor. A calculator can be very helpful in testing a possible modified standard divisor m when applying the Webster method of apportionment. For instance, on a TI-83/84 calculator, first store the populations in LI. Then enter iPart ( Li / m + . 5 ) — L 2 where m is the modified divisor. Then press the ENTER key. Now scroll through L2 to view the quotas rounded to the nearest integer. If the sum of these quotas equals the total number of items to be apportioned, then you have the Webster apportionment. If the sum of the quotas in L2 is less than the total number of items to be apportioned, try a smaller modified standard divisor. If the sum of the quotas in L2 is greater than the total number of Items to be apportioned, try a larger modified standard divisor.

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Mathematical Excursions (MindTap C...

4th Edition
Richard N. Aufmann + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305965584

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Mathematical Excursions (MindTap C...

4th Edition
Richard N. Aufmann + 3 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305965584
Chapter 4.1, Problem 26ES
Textbook Problem
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House of Representatives Currently. the U.S. House of Representatives has 435 members Who have been apportioned by the Huntington-Hill apportionment method. If the number of representatives were to be increased to 436, then, according o the 2010 census figures. North Carolina would be given the new representative. How must North Carolina’s 2010 census Huntington-Hill number compare with (he 2010 census Huntington-Hill numbers for the other 49 states? Explain.

The Webster method of apportionment is similar to the Jefferson method except that quotas are rounded up when the decimal remainder is 0.5 or greater and quotas are rounded down when the decimal remainder is less than 0.5. This method of rounding is referred to as rounding to the nearest integer. For instance, using the Jefferson method, a quotient of 15.91 would be rounded to 15: using the Webster method, it would be rounded to 16. A quotient of 15.49 would be rounded to IS in both methods.

To use the Webster method you must still experiment to find a modified standard divisor for which the sum of the quotas rounded to the nearest integer equals the number of items to be apportioned. Although the Webster method is similar to the Jefferson method, the Webster method is generally more difficult to apply because the modified divisor may be less than, equal to. or more than the standard divisor.

A calculator can be very helpful in testing a possible modified standard divisor m when applying the Webster method of apportionment. For instance, on a TI-83/84 calculator, first store the populations in LI. Then enter

iPart ( Li / m + . 5 ) L 2 where m is the modified divisor. Then press the ENTER key. Now scroll through L2 to view the quotas rounded to the nearest integer. If the sum of these quotas equals the total number of items to be apportioned, then you have the Webster apportionment. If the sum of the quotas in L2 is less than the total number of items to be apportioned, try a smaller modified standard divisor. If the sum of the quotas in L2 is greater than the total number of Items to be apportioned, try a larger modified standard divisor.

To determine

To compare:

The census using Huntington-Hill number method.

Explanation of Solution

Given information:

Currently, the U.S House of Representative has 435 members who have been apportioned by the Huntington-Hill apportionment method. If the number of representatives were to be increased to 436, then according to the 2010 census figures, North Carolina would be given the new representative.

Calculation:

U.S House of Representative has 435 members who have been apportioned by the Huntington-Hill apportionment method.

If the number of representatives were to be increased to 436, then according to the 2010 census figures, North Carolina would be given the new representative.

Therefore, The population of north Carolina would be decreased from 9,535,483 to 8,049,310...

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Chapter 4 Solutions

Mathematical Excursions (MindTap Course List)
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Ch. 4.1 - Sales Associates The table below shows the number...Ch. 4.1 - Hospital Interns The table below shows the number...Ch. 4.1 - House of Representatives The U.S. House of...Ch. 4.1 - College Enrollment The following table shows the...Ch. 4.1 - Medical Care A hospital district consists of six...Ch. 4.1 - What is the Alabama paradox?Ch. 4.1 - What is the population paradox?Ch. 4.1 - What is the new states paradox?Ch. 4.1 - 15. What is the Balinski-Young Impossibility...Ch. 4.1 - Apportionment of Projectors Consider the...Ch. 4.1 - Hotel Management A company operates four resorts....Ch. 4.1 - College Security A college apportions 40 security...Ch. 4.1 - Management Scientific Research Corporation has...Ch. 4.1 - Education The science division of a college...Ch. 4.1 - Elementary School Teachers The following table...Ch. 4.1 - Social Workers The following table shows the...Ch. 4.1 - Computer Usage The table below shows the number of...Ch. 4.1 - The population of Illinois increased by over...Ch. 4.1 - 25. The population of Louisiana increased 1.4%...Ch. 4.1 - House of Representatives Currently. the U.S. House...Ch. 4.1 - Computer Usage Use the Webster method to apportion...Ch. 4.1 - Demographics The table below shows the populations...Ch. 4.1 - Which of she following apportionment methods can...Ch. 4.1 - According to Michael Balinski and H. Peyton Young,...Ch. 4.1 - 31. What method is presently used to apportion the...Ch. 4.1 - 32. According to the 2010 census, what is the...Ch. 4.1 - John Quincy Adams, the sixth president of the...Ch. 4.1 - In the Huntington-Hill method of apportionment,...Ch. 4.1 - Deriving the Huntington-Hill Number The...Ch. 4.2 - Using the Borda method of voting, which flavor of...Ch. 4.2 - Instead of using the normal Borda method, suppose...Ch. 4.2 - Suppose the Borda method used in Exercise I of...Ch. 4.2 - Suppose the Borda method used in Exercise I of...Ch. 4.2 - Suppose the Borda method used in Exercise 1 of...Ch. 4.2 - Can the assignment of points for first. Second,...Ch. 4.2 - Suppose the assignment of points for first,...Ch. 4.2 - What is the difference between a majority and a...Ch. 4.2 - Explain why the plurality voting system may not be...Ch. 4.2 - Explain how the Borda Count method of voting...Ch. 4.2 - Explain how the plurality with elimination voting...Ch. 4.2 - 5. Explain how the pairwise comparison voting...Ch. 4.2 - What does the Condorcet criterion say?Ch. 4.2 - Is there a best voting method? Is one method more...Ch. 4.2 - Explain why. if only two candidates are running,...Ch. 4.2 - Presidential Election The table below shows the...Ch. 4.2 - Breakfast Cereal Sixteen people were asked to rank...Ch. 4.2 - Cartoon Characters A kindergarten class was...Ch. 4.2 - Catering A 15-person committee is having lunch...Ch. 4.2 - Movies Fifty consumers were surveyed about their...Ch. 4.2 - Breakfast Cereal Use the Borda count method of...Ch. 4.2 - Cartoons Use the Borda count method of voting to...Ch. 4.2 - Catering Use the Borda count method of voting to...Ch. 4.2 - Class Election A senior high school class held an...Ch. 4.2 - Cell Phone Usage A journalist reviewing various...Ch. 4.2 - Baseball Uniforms A Little League baseball team...Ch. 4.2 - Radio Stations A number of college students were...Ch. 4.2 - Class Election Use plurality with elimination to...Ch. 4.2 - Cell Phone Usage Use plurality with elimination to...Ch. 4.2 - Campus Club A campus club has money left over in...Ch. 4.2 - Recreation A company is planning its annual summer...Ch. 4.2 - X-Men Movies Fans of the X-Men movies have been...Ch. 4.2 - Family Reunion The Nelson family is trying to...Ch. 4.2 - School Mascot A new college needs to pick a moscot...Ch. 4.2 - Election Five candidates are running for president...Ch. 4.2 - Baseball Uniforms Use the pairwise comparison...Ch. 4.2 - Radio Stations Use the pairwise comparison method...Ch. 4.2 - Does the winner in Exercise tic satisfy the...Ch. 4.2 - 32. Does the winner in Exercise 12 satisfy the...Ch. 4.2 - Does the winner in Exercise 2k satisfy the...Ch. 4.2 - Does the winner in Exercise 24c satisfy the...Ch. 4.2 - Does the winner in Exercise 17 satisfy the...Ch. 4.2 - Does the winner in Exercise 20 satisfy the...Ch. 4.2 - Election Three candidates are running for mayor. A...Ch. 4.2 - Film Competition Three films have been selected as...Ch. 4.2 - 39. Election A campus club needs to elect four...Ch. 4.2 - Scholarship Awards The members of a scholarship...Ch. 4.2 - Another method of voting is to assign a weight. or...Ch. 4.2 - Approval voting is a system in which voters may...Ch. 4.2 - Restaurants Suppose you and three friends. David,...Ch. 4.3 - Using the data in Example 1 on page 211, list all...Ch. 4.3 - For the data in Example I on page 211, calculate...Ch. 4.3 - Using the data in Check Your Progress 3 on page...Ch. 4.3 - For the data in Check Your Progress 3 on page 215,...Ch. 4.3 - Create a voting system with three members that is...Ch. 4.3 - Create a voting system with four members in which...Ch. 4.3 - Create a voting system with five members that...Ch. 4.3 - In the following exercises that involve weighted...Ch. 4.3 - In the following exercises that involve weighted...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Calculate, if possible, the l3anzhaf power index...Ch. 4.3 - Which, if any, of the voting systems in Exercises...Ch. 4.3 - Explain why it is impossible to calculate the...Ch. 4.3 - Music Education A music department Consists of a...Ch. 4.3 - Four voters. A, B. C, and D. make decisions by...Ch. 4.3 - Criminal Justice In a criminal trial, each of the...Ch. 4.3 - Criminal Justice In California civil court cases,...Ch. 4.3 - Identify any dictator and all dummies for each...Ch. 4.3 - Identify any dictator and all dummies for each...Ch. 4.3 - Identify any dictator and all dummies for each...Ch. 4.3 - Identify any dictator and all dummies for each...Ch. 4.3 - Football At the beginning of each football season,...Ch. 4.3 - Football The head coach in Exercise 23 has decided...Ch. 4.3 - Consider the weighted voting system { 60:4,56,58...Ch. 4.3 - 26. Consider the weighted voting system {...Ch. 4.3 - Consider the weighted voting system { q:8,3,3,2 },...Ch. 4.3 - 28. a. In a weighted voting system, suppose that...Ch. 4.3 - Voter Intimidation and Tampering Consider the...Ch. 4.3 - UN Security Council The United Nations C Security...Ch. 4 - Education The following table shows the...Ch. 4 - Airline Industry The following table shows the...Ch. 4 - Airline Industry The table below shows how the...Ch. 4 - 4. Education The following table shows the number...Ch. 4 - Technology A company has four offices. The...Ch. 4 - Automobile Sales Consider the apportionment of 27...Ch. 4 - Music Company MusicGalore.biz has offices in Los...Ch. 4 - Building Inspectors A city apportions 34 building...Ch. 4 - Is the Hamilton apportionment method susceptible...Ch. 4 - Is the Jefferson apportionment method susceptible...Ch. 4 - Corporate Security The Huntington-Hill...Ch. 4 - Essay Contest Four finalists are competing in an...Ch. 4 - Ski Club A campus ski club is trying o decide...Ch. 4 - Campus Election Four students are running for the...Ch. 4 - Consumer Preferences A group of consumers were...Ch. 4 - Use the pairwise comparison method of voting to...Ch. 4 - Use the pairwise comparison method of voting to...Ch. 4 - Homecoming Queen Three high school students are...Ch. 4 - Homecoming Queen In Exercise I. suppose Cynthia L....Ch. 4 - Scholarship Awards A scholarship committee must...Ch. 4 - A weighted voting system for voters A, B, C, and D...Ch. 4 - A weighted voting system for voters A. B. C. D....Ch. 4 - Calculate the Banzhaf power indices for voters A....Ch. 4 - Calculate the Banzhaf power indices for voters A,...Ch. 4 - 25. Calculate the Banzhaf power indices for voters...Ch. 4 - Calculate the Banzhaf power indices for voters A,...Ch. 4 - Identify any dictator and all dummies for each...Ch. 4 - Identify any dictator and all dummies for each...Ch. 4 - Four voters. A. B. C. and D. make decisions by...Ch. 4 - Postal Service The table below shows the number of...Ch. 4 - Computer Allocation The following table shows the...Ch. 4 - High School Counselors The following table shows...Ch. 4 - A weighted voting system for voters A, B, C, D....Ch. 4 - Consumer Preference One hundred consumers ranked...Ch. 4 - Executives Preferences A company with offices...Ch. 4 - Exam Review A professor is preparing an extra...Ch. 4 - Budget Proposal A committee must vote on which of...Ch. 4 - Drama Department The four staff members. A, B,C,...Ch. 4 - Three voters. A. B. and C, make decisions by using...

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