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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Draw a condensed structural formula, using the notation ─COOH to denote a carboxyl group, for each of the following carboxylic acids.

  1. a. α-Chlorobutyric acid
  2. b. β-Chlorobutyric acid
  3. c. Chlorosuccinic acid
  4. d. α,β-Dichlorosuccinic acid

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Condensed structural formula has to be drawn for the given carboxylic acid.

Concept Introduction:

The structural representation of organic compound can be done in 2D and 3D.  In two-dimensional representation, there are four types of representation in which an organic compound can be drawn.  They are,

  • Expanded structural formula
  • Condensed structural formula
  • Skeletal structural formula
  • Line-angle structural formula

Structural formula which shows all the atoms in a molecule along with all the bonds that is connecting the atoms present in the molecule is known as Expanded structural formula.

Structural formula in which grouping of atoms are done and in which the central atoms along with the other atoms are connected to them are treated as group is known as Condensed structural formula.

Structural formula that shows the bonding between carbon atoms alone in the molecule ignoring the hydrogen atoms being shown explicitly is known as Skeletal structural formula.

Structural formula where a line represent carbon‑carbon bond and the carbon atom is considered to be present in each point and the end of lines is known as Line-angle structural formula.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.29EP , additional homework tip  1

Explanation

Given description about the carboxylic acid is α-chlorobutyric acid.

In the problem statement it is given how the carboxyl group has to be denoted.  From the common name it is understood that the carboxylic acid is a four carbon monocarboxylic acid.  The chlorine atom is substituted in the alpha carbon atom

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Condensed structural formula has to be drawn for the given carboxylic acid.

Concept Introduction:

The structural representation of organic compound can be done in 2D and 3D.  In two-dimensional representation, there are four types of representation in which an organic compound can be drawn.  They are,

  • Expanded structural formula
  • Condensed structural formula
  • Skeletal structural formula
  • Line-angle structural formula

Structural formula which shows all the atoms in a molecule along with all the bonds that is connecting the atoms present in the molecule is known as Expanded structural formula.

Structural formula in which grouping of atoms are done and in which the central atoms along with the other atoms are connected to them are treated as group is known as Condensed structural formula.

Structural formula that shows the bonding between carbon atoms alone in the molecule ignoring the hydrogen atoms being shown explicitly is known as Skeletal structural formula.

Structural formula where a line represent carbon‑carbon bond and the carbon atom is considered to be present in each point and the end of lines is known as Line-angle structural formula.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.29EP , additional homework tip  2

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Condensed structural formula has to be drawn for the given carboxylic acid.

Concept Introduction:

The structural representation of organic compound can be done in 2D and 3D.  In two-dimensional representation, there are four types of representation in which an organic compound can be drawn.  They are,

  • Expanded structural formula
  • Condensed structural formula
  • Skeletal structural formula
  • Line-angle structural formula

Structural formula which shows all the atoms in a molecule along with all the bonds that is connecting the atoms present in the molecule is known as Expanded structural formula.

Structural formula in which grouping of atoms are done and in which the central atoms along with the other atoms are connected to them are treated as group is known as Condensed structural formula.

Structural formula that shows the bonding between carbon atoms alone in the molecule ignoring the hydrogen atoms being shown explicitly is known as Skeletal structural formula.

Structural formula where a line represent carbon‑carbon bond and the carbon atom is considered to be present in each point and the end of lines is known as Line-angle structural formula.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.29EP , additional homework tip  3

(d)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Condensed structural formula has to be drawn for the given carboxylic acid.

Concept Introduction:

The structural representation of organic compound can be done in 2D and 3D.  In two-dimensional representation, there are four types of representation in which an organic compound can be drawn.  They are,

  • Expanded structural formula
  • Condensed structural formula
  • Skeletal structural formula
  • Line-angle structural formula

Structural formula which shows all the atoms in a molecule along with all the bonds that is connecting the atoms present in the molecule is known as Expanded structural formula.

Structural formula in which grouping of atoms are done and in which the central atoms along with the other atoms are connected to them are treated as group is known as Condensed structural formula.

Structural formula that shows the bonding between carbon atoms alone in the molecule ignoring the hydrogen atoms being shown explicitly is known as Skeletal structural formula.

Structural formula where a line represent carbon‑carbon bond and the carbon atom is considered to be present in each point and the end of lines is known as Line-angle structural formula.

Organic And Biological Chemistry, Chapter 5, Problem 5.29EP , additional homework tip  4

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