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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following is a functional group isomer with pentanoic acid?

  1. a. ethyl propanoate
  2. b. ethyl pentanoate
  3. c. propyl butanoate
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The compound that is functional group isomer with pentanoic acid has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Functional group isomerism is the one in which the functional group of two compounds are totally different but the molecular formula of the compounds remains the same.  Esters and carboxylic acids that have same number of carbon atoms and same degree of saturation can have functional group isomerism.  This is a type of constitutional isomerism.

Positional isomerism exists in esters when the alkyl group and acyl group carbon chain can be arranged in different ways.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Structure of pentanoic acid is,

Given compound is carboxylic acid.  The functional group isomer of carboxylic acid is ester.  The total number of carbon atoms present in pentanoic acid is five carbon atoms.  Among the given options, the compound that has the same molecular formula as of pentanoic acid is ethyl propanoate only.  The structure of ethyl propanoate can be given as,

Therefore, they both are functional group isomers...

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