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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

The common names for the C2 mono- and dicarboxylic acids are, respectively,

  1. a. formic acid and oxalic acid
  2. b. acetic acid and formic acid
  3. c. acetic acid and oxalic acid
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Common name for C2 mono- and dicarboxylic acid has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

In organic chemistry compounds are given common names also apart from IUPAC names.  Common names are derived from the Greek-letter system.  This is used in numbering of the carbon atoms in a carbon chain.  Common names are also derived from the Greek or Latin word that represents the source of the acid.

Common name for monocarboxylic acid is formed by taking Greek or Latin root name for the number of carbon atom that is appended by suffix “ic acid”.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

The monocarboxylic acid that contains two carbon atoms structure is,

The Greek or Latin root for the compound that contains two carbon atom is “acet-”.  To give the common name suffix “-ic acid” has to be added to the Greek or Latin root.  In this case, the common name is obtained as acetic acid.

The dicarboxylic acid that contains two carbon atoms structure is,

The source of dicarboxylic acid that contains two carbon atoms is from the plant that belongs to genus Oxalis.  To give the common name suffix “-ic acid” has to be added to the source name...

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