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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

In which of the following pairs of carboxylic acids are both members of the pair monocarboxylic acids?

  1. a. propionic acid and malonic acid
  2. b. succinic acid and glutaric acid
  3. c. butyric acid and propionic acid
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Among the given pairs of carboxylic acids, the one which contains a pair of monocarboxylic acid has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

In organic chemistry compounds are given common names also apart from IUPAC names.  Common names are derived from the Greek-letter system.  This is used in numbering of the carbon atoms in a carbon chain.  Common names are also derived from the Greek or Latin word that represents the source of the acid.

Common name for monocarboxylic acid is formed by taking Greek or Latin root name for the number of carbon atom that is appended by suffix “ic acid”

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Monocarboxylic acid is the one that contains only one carboxyl group in its structure.  Butyric acid is said to contain a four carbon atom unbranched chain with the first carbon being from carboxyl group.  Propionic acid is said to contain a three carbon atom unbranced chain with the first carbon being from carboxyl group.  Hence, butyric acid and propionic acid are the monocarboxylic acids.

Therefore, the correct option is option (b).

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) tells that the pair of carboxylic acids that contain both as monocarboxylic acid is propionic acid and malonic acid...

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