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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Which of the following types of compounds cannot be readily oxidized to a carboxylic acid?

  1. a. 1° alcohol
  2. b. aldehyde
  3. c. ketone
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The compound that cannot be readily oxidized to a carboxylic acid has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

In organic chemistry, oxidation reaction is referred to the number CO bonds increase and/or number of CH bonds decrease.

In organic chemistry, reduction reaction is referred to the number CO bonds decrease and/or number of CH bonds increase.

Alcohols undergo oxidation reaction and reduction reaction.  This depends upon the number of hydrogen atoms that is bonded to the alpha carbon atom.  Primary and secondary alcohol undergoes oxidation reaction while tertiary alcohol does not undergo oxidation reaction.  Primary alcohols undergo oxidation to give aldehyde and carboxylic acid as product.  Secondary alcohol undergoes oxidation to give ketone as the product.

Aldehyde undergoes oxidation to give carboxylic acid as the product while ketone does not undergo oxidation reaction.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Carboxylic acid cannot be produced by oxidation of ketone.  Ketone are resistant to oxidation reaction.

Therefore, the correct option is option (c).

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) tells that primary alcohol can be readily oxidized to carboxylic acid...

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