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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

Carboxylate ions are named by dropping the -ic acid ending from the parent acid name and replacing it with the suffix

  1. a. -ate
  2. b. -one
  3. c. -ol
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

The suffix that has to be replaced in the parent acid name for “-ic acid” when naming carboxylate ions has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

The name of the carboxylic acid itself implies that it is acidic.  Addition of carboxylic acid to water results in ionization.  Hydrogen ion transfer occurs from carboxylic acid to water and hydronium ion is formed.  Carboxylate ion is also formed due to the loss of hydrogen ion from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ion is the negative ion which is formed when one or more acidic protons are lost from carboxylic acid.

Carboxylate ions are named from the parent acid by replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Carboxylic acids undergo ionization in water to form hydronium ion and carboxylate ion.  Hydronium ion is a positively charge and carboxylate ion is negatively charged.  Carboxylate ion is formed by loss of one or more acidic protons from carboxylic acid.

The formed carboxylate ion is named by replacing the suffix “-ic acid” from the carboxylic acid name with “-ate”.

Therefore, the correct option is option (a)...

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