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Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079

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Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Organic And Biological Chemistry

7th Edition
STOKER + 1 other
ISBN: 9781305081079
Textbook Problem

The IUPAC name for the propanoic acid salt Chapter 5.8, Problem 4QQ, The IUPAC name for the propanoic acid salt is a. propyl sodiumate b. propanoic sodiumate c. sodium is

  1. a. propyl sodiumate
  2. b. propanoic sodiumate
  3. c. sodium propanoate
  4. d. no correct response

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

IUPAC name for the given propanoic acid salt has to be chosen from the given options.

Concept Introduction:

Carboxylic acid salts when treated with a strong acid produces carboxylic acid as the product.  Carboxylic acid salts contain two ions.  They are a negative carboxylate ion and a positive ion.  When naming the carboxylic acid salt, the positive ion is named first that is followed by the carboxylate name.  The carboxylate is named from the parent carboxylic acid by replacing the suffix “-ic acid” with “-ate”.

Explanation

Reason for correct option:

Given structure of carboxylic acid salt is,

The description given in the problem statement is propanoic acid salt.  Therefore, the parent acid is propanoic acid.  The negative ion present in the given structure is the propanoate ion.  The positive ion present in the above structure is sodium ion.  IUPAC name is obtained by giving the positive ion first followed by the negative ion.  This gives the IUPAC name of the given carboxylic acid salt as sodium propanoate.

Therefore, the correct option is option (c).

Reason for incorrect option:

Option (a) tells the IUPAC name for the given propanoic acid salt is propyl sodiumate...

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Sect-5.3 P-1QQSect-5.3 P-2QQSect-5.3 P-3QQSect-5.4 P-1QQSect-5.4 P-2QQSect-5.4 P-3QQSect-5.5 P-1QQSect-5.5 P-2QQSect-5.5 P-3QQSect-5.6 P-1QQSect-5.6 P-2QQSect-5.7 P-1QQSect-5.7 P-2QQSect-5.7 P-3QQSect-5.8 P-1QQSect-5.8 P-2QQSect-5.8 P-3QQSect-5.8 P-4QQSect-5.9 P-1QQSect-5.9 P-2QQSect-5.10 P-1QQSect-5.10 P-2QQSect-5.11 P-1QQSect-5.11 P-2QQSect-5.11 P-3QQSect-5.12 P-1QQSect-5.12 P-2QQSect-5.12 P-3QQSect-5.12 P-4QQSect-5.13 P-1QQSect-5.13 P-2QQSect-5.14 P-1QQSect-5.14 P-2QQSect-5.14 P-3QQSect-5.15 P-1QQSect-5.15 P-2QQSect-5.15 P-3QQSect-5.16 P-1QQSect-5.16 P-2QQSect-5.16 P-3QQSect-5.17 P-1QQSect-5.17 P-2QQSect-5.18 P-1QQSect-5.18 P-2QQSect-5.18 P-3QQSect-5.19 P-1QQSect-5.19 P-2QQSect-5.19 P-3QQSect-5.19 P-4QQSect-5.20 P-1QQSect-5.20 P-2QQSect-5.20 P-3QQSect-5.20 P-4QQCh-5 P-5.1EPCh-5 P-5.2EPCh-5 P-5.3EPCh-5 P-5.4EPCh-5 P-5.5EPCh-5 P-5.6EPCh-5 P-5.7EPCh-5 P-5.8EPCh-5 P-5.9EPCh-5 P-5.10EPCh-5 P-5.11EPCh-5 P-5.12EPCh-5 P-5.13EPCh-5 P-5.14EPCh-5 P-5.15EPCh-5 P-5.16EPCh-5 P-5.17EPCh-5 P-5.18EPCh-5 P-5.19EPCh-5 P-5.20EPCh-5 P-5.21EPCh-5 P-5.22EPCh-5 P-5.23EPCh-5 P-5.24EPCh-5 P-5.25EPCh-5 P-5.26EPCh-5 P-5.27EPCh-5 P-5.28EPCh-5 P-5.29EPCh-5 P-5.30EPCh-5 P-5.31EPCh-5 P-5.32EPCh-5 P-5.33EPCh-5 P-5.34EPCh-5 P-5.35EPCh-5 P-5.36EPCh-5 P-5.37EPCh-5 P-5.38EPCh-5 P-5.39EPCh-5 P-5.40EPCh-5 P-5.41EPCh-5 P-5.42EPCh-5 P-5.43EPCh-5 P-5.44EPCh-5 P-5.45EPCh-5 P-5.46EPCh-5 P-5.47EPCh-5 P-5.48EPCh-5 P-5.49EPCh-5 P-5.50EPCh-5 P-5.51EPCh-5 P-5.52EPCh-5 P-5.53EPCh-5 P-5.54EPCh-5 P-5.55EPCh-5 P-5.56EPCh-5 P-5.57EPCh-5 P-5.58EPCh-5 P-5.59EPCh-5 P-5.60EPCh-5 P-5.61EPCh-5 P-5.62EPCh-5 P-5.63EPCh-5 P-5.64EPCh-5 P-5.65EPCh-5 P-5.66EPCh-5 P-5.67EPCh-5 P-5.68EPCh-5 P-5.69EPCh-5 P-5.70EPCh-5 P-5.71EPCh-5 P-5.72EPCh-5 P-5.73EPCh-5 P-5.74EPCh-5 P-5.75EPCh-5 P-5.76EPCh-5 P-5.77EPCh-5 P-5.78EPCh-5 P-5.79EPCh-5 P-5.80EPCh-5 P-5.81EPCh-5 P-5.82EPCh-5 P-5.83EPCh-5 P-5.84EPCh-5 P-5.85EPCh-5 P-5.86EPCh-5 P-5.87EPCh-5 P-5.88EPCh-5 P-5.89EPCh-5 P-5.90EPCh-5 P-5.91EPCh-5 P-5.92EPCh-5 P-5.93EPCh-5 P-5.94EPCh-5 P-5.95EPCh-5 P-5.96EPCh-5 P-5.97EPCh-5 P-5.98EPCh-5 P-5.99EPCh-5 P-5.100EPCh-5 P-5.101EPCh-5 P-5.102EPCh-5 P-5.103EPCh-5 P-5.104EPCh-5 P-5.105EPCh-5 P-5.106EPCh-5 P-5.107EPCh-5 P-5.108EPCh-5 P-5.109EPCh-5 P-5.110EPCh-5 P-5.111EPCh-5 P-5.112EPCh-5 P-5.113EPCh-5 P-5.114EPCh-5 P-5.115EPCh-5 P-5.116EPCh-5 P-5.117EPCh-5 P-5.118EPCh-5 P-5.119EPCh-5 P-5.120EPCh-5 P-5.121EPCh-5 P-5.122EPCh-5 P-5.123EPCh-5 P-5.124EPCh-5 P-5.125EPCh-5 P-5.126EPCh-5 P-5.127EPCh-5 P-5.128EPCh-5 P-5.129EPCh-5 P-5.130EPCh-5 P-5.131EPCh-5 P-5.132EPCh-5 P-5.133EPCh-5 P-5.134EPCh-5 P-5.135EPCh-5 P-5.136EPCh-5 P-5.137EPCh-5 P-5.138EPCh-5 P-5.139EPCh-5 P-5.140EPCh-5 P-5.141EPCh-5 P-5.142EPCh-5 P-5.143EPCh-5 P-5.144EPCh-5 P-5.145EPCh-5 P-5.146EPCh-5 P-5.147EPCh-5 P-5.148EPCh-5 P-5.149EPCh-5 P-5.150EPCh-5 P-5.151EPCh-5 P-5.152EPCh-5 P-5.153EPCh-5 P-5.154EPCh-5 P-5.155EPCh-5 P-5.156EPCh-5 P-5.157EPCh-5 P-5.158EPCh-5 P-5.159EPCh-5 P-5.160EPCh-5 P-5.161EPCh-5 P-5.162EPCh-5 P-5.163EPCh-5 P-5.164EP

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