BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach

2nd Edition
Steven S. Zumdahl + 1 other
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305079243
Chapter 7, Problem 11Q
Textbook Problem
1 views

Consider an airplane trip from Chicago, Illinois, to Denver, Colorado. List some path-dependent functions and some state functions for the plane trip.

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: Path dependent function and state function for a trip from Chicago to Colorado to be discussed.

Concept introduction

Path-dependent function: The function which depends upon the path from two values called path dependent functions. There are two common path dependent functions, heat and work.

Example: Ice melting.

State function: The state function or state property of a system assigns the properties of a systems depends upon only its beginning state and ending state.

Example: Internal energy of a ball.

Explanation of Solution

Explanation

Path dependent functions for, from Chicago to Colorado are distance travelled, fuel consumption of the airplane, time to travelling, airplane snacks eaten, etc.

Path dependent function is a function which depends upon couple of values in which transformation takes place. Here, path-dependent functions for a trip from Chicago to Denver are those quantities that depend on the route taken. One can fly directly from Chicago to Denver, or one can fly from Chicago to Atlanta to Los Angeles and then to Denver. A bit of path dependent function from Chicago to Colorado are how far travelled in miles, fuel utilization of the airplane, time taken for travelling, snacks eaten on an airplane, etc...

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 7 Solutions

Chemistry: An Atoms First Approach
Show all chapter solutions
add
Ch. 7 - What is meant by the term lower in energy? Which...Ch. 7 - A fire is started in a fireplace by striking a...Ch. 7 - Liquid water turns to ice. Is this process...Ch. 7 - Consider the following statements: ''Heat is a...Ch. 7 - Consider 5.5 L of a gas at a pressure of 3.0 atm...Ch. 7 - Consider 5.5 L of a gas at a pressure of 3.0 atm...Ch. 7 - Explain why oceanfront areas generally have...Ch. 7 - Hesss law is really just another statement of the...Ch. 7 - In the equation w = P V, why is there a negative...Ch. 7 - Consider an airplane trip from Chicago, Illinois,...Ch. 7 - How is average bond strength related to relative...Ch. 7 - Assuming gasoline is pure C8H18(l), predict the...Ch. 7 - What is the difference between H and E?Ch. 7 - The enthalpy change for the reaction...Ch. 7 - For the reaction HgO(s)Hg(l)+12O2(g),H=+90.7KJ: a....Ch. 7 - The enthalpy of combustion of CH4(g) when H2O (1)...Ch. 7 - The enthalpy change for a reaction is a state...Ch. 7 - Standard enthalpies of formation are relative...Ch. 7 - The combustion of methane can be represented as...Ch. 7 - Why is it a good idea to rinse your thermos bottle...Ch. 7 - Photosynthetic plants use the following reaction...Ch. 7 - What is incomplete combustion of fossil fuels? Why...Ch. 7 - Explain the advantages and disadvantages of...Ch. 7 - Calculate the kinetic energy of a baseball (mass =...Ch. 7 - Which has the greater kinetic energy, an object...Ch. 7 - Consider the following diagram when answering the...Ch. 7 - Consider the accompanying diagram. Ball A is...Ch. 7 - A gas absorbs 45 kJ of heat and does 29 kJ of...Ch. 7 - A system releases 125 kJ of heat while 104 kJ of...Ch. 7 - Calculate E for each of the following. a. q = 47...Ch. 7 - A system undergoes a process consisting of the...Ch. 7 - If the internal energy of a thermodynamic system...Ch. 7 - Calculate the internal energy change for each of...Ch. 7 - A sample of an ideal gas at 15.0 atm and 10.0 L is...Ch. 7 - A piston performs work of 210. L atm on the...Ch. 7 - Consider a mixture of air and gasoline vapor in a...Ch. 7 - As a system increases in volume, it absorbs 52.5 J...Ch. 7 - A balloon filled with 39.1 moles of helium has a...Ch. 7 - One mole of H2O(g) at 1.00 atm and 100.C occupies...Ch. 7 - One of the components of polluted air is NO. It is...Ch. 7 - The reaction SO3(g)+H2O(l)H2SO4(aq) is the last...Ch. 7 - Are the following processes exothermic or...Ch. 7 - Are the following processes exothermic or...Ch. 7 - The overall reaction in a commercial heat pack can...Ch. 7 - Consider the following reaction:...Ch. 7 - Consider the combustion of propane:...Ch. 7 - Consider the following reaction:...Ch. 7 - Consider the substances in Table 7-1. Which...Ch. 7 - The specific heat capacity of silver is 0.24 J/Cg....Ch. 7 - A 500-g sample of one of the substances listed in...Ch. 7 - It takes 585 J of energy to raise the temperature...Ch. 7 - A 30.0-g sample of water at 280. K is mixed with...Ch. 7 - A biology experiment requires the preparation of a...Ch. 7 - A 5.00-g sample of aluminum pellets (specific heat...Ch. 7 - Hydrogen gives off 120. J/g of energy when burned...Ch. 7 - A 150.0-g sample of a metal at75.0C is added to...Ch. 7 - A 110.-g sample of copper (specific heat capacity...Ch. 7 - In a coffee-cup calorimeter, 50.0 mL of 0.100 M...Ch. 7 - In a coffee-cup calorimeter, 100.0 mL of 1.0 M...Ch. 7 - A coffee-cup calorimeter initially contains 125 g...Ch. 7 - In a coffee-cup calorimeter, 1.60 g NH4NO3 is...Ch. 7 - Consider the dissolution of CaCl2:...Ch. 7 - Consider the reaction...Ch. 7 - The heat capacity of a bomb calorimeter was...Ch. 7 - The combustion of 0.1584 g benzoic acid increases...Ch. 7 - The enthalpy of combustion of solid carbon to form...Ch. 7 - Combustion reactions involve reacting a substance...Ch. 7 - Given the following data calculate H for the...Ch. 7 - Given the following data...Ch. 7 - Given the following data...Ch. 7 - Calculate H for the reaction...Ch. 7 - Given the following data...Ch. 7 - Given the following data...Ch. 7 - Give the definition of the standard enthalpy of...Ch. 7 - Write reactions for which the enthalpy change will...Ch. 7 - Use the values ofHf in Appendix 4 to calculate H...Ch. 7 - Use the values of Hf in Appendix 4 to calculate H...Ch. 7 - The Ostwald process for the commercial production...Ch. 7 - Calculate H for each of the following reactions...Ch. 7 - The reusable booster rockets of the space shuttle...Ch. 7 - The space shuttle Orbiter utilizes the oxidation...Ch. 7 - Consider the reaction...Ch. 7 - The standard enthalpy of combustion of ethene gas,...Ch. 7 - Water gas is produced from the reaction of steam...Ch. 7 - Syngas can be burned directly or converted to...Ch. 7 - Ethanol (C2H5OH) has been proposed as an...Ch. 7 - Methanol (CH3OH) has also been proposed as an...Ch. 7 - Some automobiles and buses have been equipped to...Ch. 7 - The complete combustion of acetylene, C2H2(g),...Ch. 7 - It has been determined that the body can generate...Ch. 7 - One way to lose weight is to exercise! Walking...Ch. 7 - Three gas-phase reactions were run in a...Ch. 7 - Nitrogen gas reacts with hydrogen gas to form...Ch. 7 - Combustion of table sugar produces CO2(g) and H2O(...Ch. 7 - Consider the following changes: a. N2(g)N2(l) b....Ch. 7 - Consider the following cyclic process carried out...Ch. 7 - Calculate H for the reaction...Ch. 7 - The enthalpy of neutralization for the reaction of...Ch. 7 - When 1.00 L of 2.00 M Na2SO4 solution at 30.0c is...Ch. 7 - If a student performs an endothermic reaction in a...Ch. 7 - In a bomb calorimeter, the reaction vessel is...Ch. 7 - The bomb calorimeter in Exercise 102 is filled...Ch. 7 - Consider the two space shuttle fuel reactions in...Ch. 7 - Consider the following equations:...Ch. 7 - Given the following data...Ch. 7 - At 298 K, the standard enthalpies of formation for...Ch. 7 - Using the following data, calculate the standard...Ch. 7 - A sample of nickel is heated to 99.8C and placed...Ch. 7 - Quinone is an important type of molecule that is...Ch. 7 - Calculate H for each of the following reactions,...Ch. 7 - Compare your answers from parts a and b of...Ch. 7 - Compare your answer from Exercise 72 of Chapter 3...Ch. 7 - Consider a balloon filled with helium at the...Ch. 7 - In which of the following systems is(are) work...Ch. 7 - Which of the following processes are exothermic?...Ch. 7 - Consider the reaction...Ch. 7 - A swimming pool, 10.0 m by 4.0 m, is filled with...Ch. 7 - In a coffee-cup calorimeter, 150.0 mL of 0.50 M...Ch. 7 - Calculate H for the reaction...Ch. 7 - Which of the following substances have an enthalpy...Ch. 7 - Consider 2.00 moles of an ideal gas that are taken...Ch. 7 - For the process H2O(l)H2O(g) at 298 K and 1.0 atm,...Ch. 7 - The sun supplies energy at a rate of about 1.0...Ch. 7 - The best solar panels currently available are...Ch. 7 - The standard enthalpies of formation for S(g),...Ch. 7 - Use the following standard enthalpies of formation...Ch. 7 - The standard enthalpy of formation for N2H4(g) is...Ch. 7 - The standard enthalpy of formation for NO(g) is...Ch. 7 - A piece of chocolate cake contains about 400...Ch. 7 - You have a l.00-mole sample of water at 30.C and...Ch. 7 - A 500.0-g sample of an element at 195C is dropped...Ch. 7 - A cubic piece of uranium metal (specific heat...Ch. 7 - On Easter Sunday, April 3, 1983, nitric acid...Ch. 7 - Using data from Chapter 2, calculate the change in...Ch. 7 - In Exercise 89 in Chapter 3, the Lewis structures...Ch. 7 - A gaseous hydrocarbon reacts completely with...

Additional Science Textbook Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts
Show solutions add
Platinum has a density of 21.4 g/cm3. What is the mass of 5.9 cm3 of this metal?

General Chemistry - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

In many people any kind of stress can cause overeating and weight gain T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

8.36 Why are dispersion forces attractive?

Chemistry for Engineering Students

Match the term listed in Column A with its definition from Column B

Nutrition Through the Life Cycle (MindTap Course List)

Whats a monsoon? Do we experience monsoons in the continental United States?

Oceanography: An Invitation To Marine Science, Loose-leaf Versin

Let the polar coordinates of the point (x, y) be (r, ). Determine the polar coordinates for the points (a) (x, ...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)