Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074



Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

One of the winners of the 2016 Presidential Green Chemistry Awards was a process to generate dodecanedioic acid (DDA), a chemical used in making certain nylons. The older process uses chemicals from fossil fuels, uses nitric acid, and produces a greenhouse gas, dinitrogen monoxide. The process also requires high temperatures and pressures. The new process users a modified yeast strain to manufacture DDA from an acid derived from palm kernel oil or coconut oil, is run near room temperature and pressure avoids the use of nitric acid, does not generate dinitrogen monoxide, and leads to a higher purity product. Which principles of green chemistry are being following by this new process compared to the older process?

Interpretation Introduction


The principles of green chemistry that matches for new process compared to older process has to be given.

Concept introduction:

Green chemistry:

The utilization of a set of principles that reduces or eliminates the use or generation of hazardous substances in the design, manufacture and the application of chemical products.

The new procedure applies all of these principles either to a greater or lesser extent.

  • It is better to prevent waste than to treat or clean up waste after it is formed.
  • Synthetic methods should be designed to maximize the incorporation of all materials used in the final product.
  • Synthetic method should be designed to use and generate substances that possess little or no toxicity to human health or the environment.
  • Chemical products should be designed to function effectively while still reducing toxicity.
  • Synthetic methods should be conducted at ambient temperature and pressure.
  • Raw materials should be renewable whenever technically and economically practical.
  • Chemical products should be designed so that at the end of their function, they do not persist in the environmental or break down into dangerous products.
  • Substances used in a chemical process should be chosen to minimize the potential for chemical accidents, including releases, explosions, and fires.

The principle that is used in the new processes are,

  1. 1) Designing safer chemicals...

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

How might nutritional genomics influence health care in the future?

Understanding Nutrition (MindTap Course List)

Some segments of a protein strand coil, somewhat like a metal spring, because a. amino acids at different place...

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

How many autosomes are present in a body cell of a human being? In a gamete?

Human Heredity: Principles and Issues (MindTap Course List)

The distance between two cities is 100 mi. What is the number of kilometers between the two cities? (a) smaller...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)