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Chemistry for Today: General, Orga...

9th Edition
Spencer L. Seager + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305960060

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Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry for Today: General, Orga...

9th Edition
Spencer L. Seager + 2 others
Publisher: Cengage Learning
ISBN: 9781305960060
Chapter 14, Problem 14.47E
Textbook Problem
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The following compounds are cyclic acetals or ketals. Write structural formulas

for the hydrolysis products.

a.Chapter 14, Problem 14.47E, The following compounds are cyclic acetals or ketals. Write structural formulas for the hydrolysis , example  1

b.Chapter 14, Problem 14.47E, The following compounds are cyclic acetals or ketals. Write structural formulas for the hydrolysis , example  2

Interpretation Introduction

(a)

Interpretation:

The structural formulas for the products of the given hydrolysis reaction are to be drawn.

Concept introduction:

A hydrolysis reaction refers to the reaction in which the breaking of a bond in a compound occurs through water and the compound gets converted into its component substances. The reaction is catalyzed in the presence of an acid, H+. In cyclic compounds, the breaking of the bonds takes place in such a manner that the two functional groups are on the opposite ends of the open chain.

Acetal is an organic compound with general formula RHC(OR')2. The two alkoxy groups (OR') are bonded with terminal carbon atom and the R' group can be same or different.

Explanation of Solution

The hydrolysis of acetal forms an aldehyde and a molecule of alcohol. In the given reaction, hydrolysis of cyclic acetal occurs. When the cycle opens up, the first alcohol is present in the same molecule as the aldehyde...

Interpretation Introduction

(b)

Interpretation:

The structural formulas for the products of the given hydrolysis reaction are to be drawn.

Concept introduction:

A hydrolysis reaction refers to the reaction in which the breaking of a bond in a compound occurs through water and the compound gets converted into its component substances. The reaction is catalyzed in the presence of an acid, H+. In cyclic compounds, the breaking of the bonds takes place in such a manner that the two functional groups are on the opposite ends of the open chain.

Ketal is an organic compound with general formula R2C(OR')2. The two alkoxy groups (OR') are bonded with same carbon atom in between the chain. The R' and R groups can be same or different.

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Chapter 14 Solutions

Chemistry for Today: General, Organic, and Biochemistry
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Ch. 14 - Each of the following names is wrong. Give the...Ch. 14 - Each of the following names is wrong. Give the...Ch. 14 - Why does hydrogen bonding not take place between...Ch. 14 - Most of the remaining water in washed laboratory...Ch. 14 - The boiling point of propanal is 49C, whereas the...Ch. 14 - Explain why propane boils at 42C, whereas ethanal,...Ch. 14 - Use a dotted line to show hydrogen bonding between...Ch. 14 - Use a dotted line to show hydrogen bonding between...Ch. 14 - Arrange the following compounds in order of...Ch. 14 - The compounds menthone and menthol are fragment...Ch. 14 - Write an equation for the formation of the...Ch. 14 - Write an equation for the formation of the...Ch. 14 - Identify the following structures as hemiacetals,...Ch. 14 - Identify the following structures as hemiacetals,...Ch. 14 - Label each of the following as acetals, ketals, or...Ch. 14 - Label each of the following as acetals, ketals, or...Ch. 14 - Label each of the following structures as a cyclic...Ch. 14 - Label each of the following structures as a...Ch. 14 - What two functional groups react to form the...Ch. 14 - Hemiacetals are sometimes referred to as potential...Ch. 14 - Complete the following statements: a. Oxidation of...Ch. 14 - What observation characterizes a positive Tollens...Ch. 14 - Which of the following compounds will react with...Ch. 14 - Which of the following compounds will react with...Ch. 14 - What is the formula of the precipitate that forms...Ch. 14 - Not all aldehyde give a positve Bendicts test....Ch. 14 - A stockroom assistant prepares three bottles, each...Ch. 14 - Glucose, the sugar present within the blood, gives...Ch. 14 - Fructose, present with glucose in honey, reacts...Ch. 14 - Glucose can exsits as a cyclic hemiacetal because...Ch. 14 - After an intramolcular reaction, fructose forms a...Ch. 14 - Complete the following equations. If no reaction...Ch. 14 - Complete the following equations. If no reaction...Ch. 14 - Describe the products that result when hydrogen...Ch. 14 - Draw structural formulas for the products of the...Ch. 14 - Draw structural formulas for the products of the...Ch. 14 - The following compounds are cyclic acetals or...Ch. 14 - The following compounds are cyclic acetals or...Ch. 14 - Write equations to show how the following...Ch. 14 - Write equations to show how the following...Ch. 14 - Identify the most important aldehyde and ketone...Ch. 14 - Using Table 14.3, name an aldehyde or ketone used...Ch. 14 - Arrange the following compounds starting with the...Ch. 14 - CH3COH(O)CH3COOHacetaldehydeaceticacid You need to...Ch. 14 - The addition of water to aldehydes and ketones...Ch. 14 - Draw the product that would result when...Ch. 14 - Formaldehyde levels above 0.10mg/1000L of ambient...Ch. 14 - In the IUPAC name for the following ketone, it is...Ch. 14 - Why can formaldehyde (CH2O) be prepared in the...Ch. 14 - Other addition reactions of aldehydes occur....Ch. 14 - In the labels of some consumer products, ketone...Ch. 14 - In Figure 14.6, it is noted that acetone is used...Ch. 14 - Vanilla flavoring is either extracted from a...Ch. 14 - The structure of fructose in Exercise 14.39...Ch. 14 - The use of acetone in laboratory experiments must...Ch. 14 - Look ahead to Chapter 17 and locate the structure...Ch. 14 - Identify the functional group designated by each...Ch. 14 - Which of the following would be classified as a...

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