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Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

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BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

The chemistry of gallium:

(a) Gallium hydroxide, like aluminum hydroxide, is amphoteric. Write a balanced equation to show how this hydroxide can dissolve in both HCl(aq) and NaOH(aq).

(b) Gallium ion in water, Ga3+(aq), has a Ka value of 1.2 × 10−3. Is this ion a stronger or a weaker acid than Al3+(aq)?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

To write the balanced chemical equation of gallium hydroxide with an hydrochlric acid and sodium hydroxide.

Concept introduction:

Gallium belongs to group 3A of the periodic table. Gallium resembles aluminium in its chemical properties as both belong to the same group. Just like aluminium compounds, gallium hydroxide and gallium oxide are amphoteric in nature. A compound is said to be amphoteric if it is able to react with both acid as well as base.

A chemical equation consists of reactants and products. The two are separated by an arrow. Each substances of reactants and products are separated from other by a plus sign. The reactants lies on left hand side while products lies on right hand side of the reaction.

A balanced chemical equation occurs when the number of atoms in reactant side is equal to the number of atoms in the product side.

Explanation

Just like aluminium compounds, gallium hydroxide and gallium oxide are amphoteric in nature. A compound is said to be amphoteric if it is able to react with both acid as well as base.

Gallium hydroxide reacts with both HCl and NaOH to form the corresponding product.

The balanced chemical equation of gallium hydroxide with an hydrochlric acid is

    Ga(OH)3(aq)+3HCl(l)GaCl3(aq)

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation:

Predict whether Ga3+(aq) is stronger or weaker acid than Al3+(aq).

Concept introduction:

Gallium belongs to group 3A of the periodic table. Gallium resembles aluminium in its chemical properties as both belong to the same group. Just like aluminium compounds, gallium hydroxide and gallium oxide are amphoteric in nature. A compound is said to be amphoteric if it is able to react with both acid as well as base.

Considering the dissociation of a weak acid,

HAH++AKa=[H+][A][HA]

The larger the Ka value the strongest is the acid.

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Chapter 21 Solutions

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Sect-21.11 P-2.4ACPSect-21.11 P-2.5ACPCh-21 P-1PSCh-21 P-2PSCh-21 P-3PSCh-21 P-4PSCh-21 P-5PSCh-21 P-6PSCh-21 P-7PSCh-21 P-8PSCh-21 P-9PSCh-21 P-10PSCh-21 P-11PSCh-21 P-12PSCh-21 P-13PSCh-21 P-14PSCh-21 P-15PSCh-21 P-16PSCh-21 P-17PSCh-21 P-18PSCh-21 P-19PSCh-21 P-20PSCh-21 P-21PSCh-21 P-22PSCh-21 P-23PSCh-21 P-24PSCh-21 P-25PSCh-21 P-26PSCh-21 P-27PSCh-21 P-28PSCh-21 P-29PSCh-21 P-30PSCh-21 P-31PSCh-21 P-32PSCh-21 P-33PSCh-21 P-34PSCh-21 P-35PSCh-21 P-36PSCh-21 P-37PSCh-21 P-38PSCh-21 P-39PSCh-21 P-40PSCh-21 P-41PSCh-21 P-42PSCh-21 P-43PSCh-21 P-44PSCh-21 P-45PSCh-21 P-46PSCh-21 P-47PSCh-21 P-48PSCh-21 P-49PSCh-21 P-50PSCh-21 P-51PSCh-21 P-52PSCh-21 P-53PSCh-21 P-54PSCh-21 P-55PSCh-21 P-56PSCh-21 P-57PSCh-21 P-58PSCh-21 P-59PSCh-21 P-60PSCh-21 P-61PSCh-21 P-62PSCh-21 P-63PSCh-21 P-64PSCh-21 P-65PSCh-21 P-66PSCh-21 P-67PSCh-21 P-68PSCh-21 P-69PSCh-21 P-70PSCh-21 P-71PSCh-21 P-72PSCh-21 P-73PSCh-21 P-74PSCh-21 P-75PSCh-21 P-76PSCh-21 P-77PSCh-21 P-78PSCh-21 P-79PSCh-21 P-80PSCh-21 P-81PSCh-21 P-82PSCh-21 P-83PSCh-21 P-84PSCh-21 P-85PSCh-21 P-86PSCh-21 P-87PSCh-21 P-88PSCh-21 P-89GQCh-21 P-90GQCh-21 P-91GQCh-21 P-92GQCh-21 P-93GQCh-21 P-94GQCh-21 P-95GQCh-21 P-96GQCh-21 P-97GQCh-21 P-98GQCh-21 P-99GQCh-21 P-100GQCh-21 P-101GQCh-21 P-102GQCh-21 P-103GQCh-21 P-105GQCh-21 P-106GQCh-21 P-107GQCh-21 P-108GQCh-21 P-110GQCh-21 P-111GQCh-21 P-112GQCh-21 P-113GQCh-21 P-114GQCh-21 P-115ILCh-21 P-116ILCh-21 P-117ILCh-21 P-118ILCh-21 P-119ILCh-21 P-120ILCh-21 P-121SCQCh-21 P-122SCQCh-21 P-123SCQCh-21 P-124SCQCh-21 P-125SCQCh-21 P-126SCQCh-21 P-127SCQCh-21 P-128SCQCh-21 P-129SCQCh-21 P-130SCQCh-21 P-131SCQ

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