BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074

Solutions

Chapter
Section
BuyFindarrow_forward

Chemistry & Chemical Reactivity

10th Edition
John C. Kotz + 3 others
ISBN: 9781337399074
Textbook Problem

Consider the chemistries of the elements potassium, calcium, gallium, germanium, and arsenic.

(a) Write a balanced chemical equation depicting the reaction of each element with elemental chlorine.

(b) Describe the hording in each of the products of the reactions with chlorine as ionic or covalent.

(c) Draw Lewis electron dot structures for the products of the reactions of gallium and arsenic with chlorine. What are their electron-pair and molecu.ar geometries?

(a)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: To write a balanced chemical equation of potassium, calcium, gallium, germanium and arsenic with elemental chlorine.

Concept introduction: Potassium is an alkali metal belongs to group 1 of periodic table. Calcium is an alkaline earth metal belongs to group 2 of the periodic table. Gallium belongs to group 11 of the periodic table. Germanium belongs to group 12 of the periodic table and arsenic belongs to group 13 of the periodic table.

Explanation

The metals and non-metals form halides when react with halogen.

The potassium react with elemental chlorine to form compound KCl. The balanced chemical equation is written as,

    2K(s)+Cl2(g)2KCl(s)

The calcium react with elemental chlorine to form compound CaCl2. The balanced chemical equation is written as,

    Ca(s)+Cl2(g)CaCl2(s)

The gallium react with elemental chlorine to form compound GaCl3

(b)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: In the following compounds; KCl,CaCl2,GaCl3,GeCl4,AsCl3 the bonding in each compounds as an ionic and covalent is to be stated.

Concept introduction: An ionic bond is formed between metal and non-metal. The non-metals are electronegative in nature and metals are electropositive in nature. Therefore, non-metals get electrons very easily from metals and form ionic bond.

A covalent bond is formed between two non-metals that have approximately similar electronegativities. The non-metals can share electrons with each other to form a covalent bond.

(c)

Interpretation Introduction

Interpretation: To draw lewis dot structure of GaCl3 and AsCl3 and its electron-pair and molecular geometry is to be stated.

Concept introduction:

A lewis dot structure is a diagram that show bonding between the atoms. A lewis dot structure is used to predict the geometry of the molecule.

According to VSEPR theory, the geometry is predicted by the minimizing the repulsions between electron-pairs in the bonds and lone-pairs of electrons. The VSEPR theory is written as,

Electron-pairlone-pairElectron-pairgeometryMolecularshape20LinearLinear30TrigonalplanarTrigonalplanar21TrigonalplanarBent40TetrahedralTetrahedral31TetrahedralPyramidal22TetrahedralVshape50TrigonalbipyramidalTrigonalbipyramidal41TrigonalbipyramidalSeesaw32TrigonalbipyramidalTshape23TrigonalbipyramidalLinear60OctahedralOctahedral51OctahedralSquarepyramidal42OctahedralSquareplanar

Still sussing out bartleby?

Check out a sample textbook solution.

See a sample solution

The Solution to Your Study Problems

Bartleby provides explanations to thousands of textbook problems written by our experts, many with advanced degrees!

Get Started

Chapter 21 Solutions

Show all chapter solutions add
Sect-21.11 P-2.4ACPSect-21.11 P-2.5ACPCh-21 P-1PSCh-21 P-2PSCh-21 P-3PSCh-21 P-4PSCh-21 P-5PSCh-21 P-6PSCh-21 P-7PSCh-21 P-8PSCh-21 P-9PSCh-21 P-10PSCh-21 P-11PSCh-21 P-12PSCh-21 P-13PSCh-21 P-14PSCh-21 P-15PSCh-21 P-16PSCh-21 P-17PSCh-21 P-18PSCh-21 P-19PSCh-21 P-20PSCh-21 P-21PSCh-21 P-22PSCh-21 P-23PSCh-21 P-24PSCh-21 P-25PSCh-21 P-26PSCh-21 P-27PSCh-21 P-28PSCh-21 P-29PSCh-21 P-30PSCh-21 P-31PSCh-21 P-32PSCh-21 P-33PSCh-21 P-34PSCh-21 P-35PSCh-21 P-36PSCh-21 P-37PSCh-21 P-38PSCh-21 P-39PSCh-21 P-40PSCh-21 P-41PSCh-21 P-42PSCh-21 P-43PSCh-21 P-44PSCh-21 P-45PSCh-21 P-46PSCh-21 P-47PSCh-21 P-48PSCh-21 P-49PSCh-21 P-50PSCh-21 P-51PSCh-21 P-52PSCh-21 P-53PSCh-21 P-54PSCh-21 P-55PSCh-21 P-56PSCh-21 P-57PSCh-21 P-58PSCh-21 P-59PSCh-21 P-60PSCh-21 P-61PSCh-21 P-62PSCh-21 P-63PSCh-21 P-64PSCh-21 P-65PSCh-21 P-66PSCh-21 P-67PSCh-21 P-68PSCh-21 P-69PSCh-21 P-70PSCh-21 P-71PSCh-21 P-72PSCh-21 P-73PSCh-21 P-74PSCh-21 P-75PSCh-21 P-76PSCh-21 P-77PSCh-21 P-78PSCh-21 P-79PSCh-21 P-80PSCh-21 P-81PSCh-21 P-82PSCh-21 P-83PSCh-21 P-84PSCh-21 P-85PSCh-21 P-86PSCh-21 P-87PSCh-21 P-88PSCh-21 P-89GQCh-21 P-90GQCh-21 P-91GQCh-21 P-92GQCh-21 P-93GQCh-21 P-94GQCh-21 P-95GQCh-21 P-96GQCh-21 P-97GQCh-21 P-98GQCh-21 P-99GQCh-21 P-100GQCh-21 P-101GQCh-21 P-102GQCh-21 P-103GQCh-21 P-105GQCh-21 P-106GQCh-21 P-107GQCh-21 P-108GQCh-21 P-110GQCh-21 P-111GQCh-21 P-112GQCh-21 P-113GQCh-21 P-114GQCh-21 P-115ILCh-21 P-116ILCh-21 P-117ILCh-21 P-118ILCh-21 P-119ILCh-21 P-120ILCh-21 P-121SCQCh-21 P-122SCQCh-21 P-123SCQCh-21 P-124SCQCh-21 P-125SCQCh-21 P-126SCQCh-21 P-127SCQCh-21 P-128SCQCh-21 P-129SCQCh-21 P-130SCQCh-21 P-131SCQ

Additional Science Solutions

Find more solutions based on key concepts

Show solutions add

The DRI are for all people, regardless of their medical history. T F

Nutrition: Concepts and Controversies - Standalone book (MindTap Course List)

Why does a stars life expectancy depend on its mass?

Horizons: Exploring the Universe (MindTap Course List)

Give each of the following amines an IUPAC name: a. b. c.

Chemistry for Today: General, Organic, and Biochemistry

In Figure OQ5.2, a locomotive has broken through the wall of a train station. During the collision, what can be...

Physics for Scientists and Engineers, Technology Update (No access codes included)